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Alexander the great

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  • 1. Alexander the Great
    Jean Lowry
    50607
  • 2. General Information about Alexander
    The son of Phillip II, who inherited his throne and ambition as well as an army of 30,000 foot soldiers and 2,000 men on horseback
    Believed himself to be descended from semi divine beings: Andromache and Achilles on his mother’s side and from Hercules on his father’s
    Was a pupil of Aristotle
    Created a distinctive hairstyle for himself, the famous anastole
    After “cutting the Gordian knot” it remained a metaphor of decisive action and a presage of empire
  • 3. During Alexander’s Campaign
    Alexander defeated the vast Persian army at Issus in 333 B.C.
    He united regions such as Europe and Asia
    Moved into Egypt and Mesopotamia and in 331-330 seized the great Persian capitol at Persepolis
    After retreating his exhausted army from crossing the Beas River, he began to prepare for the invasion of the Persian Gulf and Arabian Littoral
    When attending a banquet Alexander exchanged a toast in which he downed twelve pints of undiluted wine in one steady draft, after collapsing in a coma doctors were unable to revive him
  • 4. After His Death
    Was seen as the archetypal empire builder: “The sole conqueror in the memory of mankind to have founded a universal empire”
    Historians say his ambition had been not merely to conquer or even to assimilate the mighty Persian Empire, it had been to unite east and west, Asia and Europe, Hellene and Barbarian
    It is not what Alexander intended to achieve but what he believed to achieve that people look upon him as the first world conqueror
  • 5. Sources
    Pagden, Anthony. Peoples and Empires: a Short History of European Migration, Exploration, and Conquest, from Greece to the Present. New York: Modern Library, 2001. Print.

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