Chap06   mkt.research
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Chap06 mkt.research Presentation Transcript

  • 1. UNDERSTANDING CUSTOMER EXPECTATIONS AND PERCEPTIONS THROUGH MARKETING RESEARCH S M
  • 2. Common Research Objectives for Services
    • To identify dissatisfied customers
    • To discover customer requirements or expectations
    • To monitor and track service performance
    • To assess overall company performance compared to competition
    • To assess gaps between customer expectations and perceptions
    • To gauge effectiveness of changes in service
    • To appraise service performance of individuals and teams for rewards
    • To determine expectations for a new service
    • To monitor changing expectations in an industry
    • To forecast future expectations
  • 3. Figure 5-1 Criteria for An Effective Services Research Program Research Objectives Includes Qualitative Research Includes Quantitative Research Includes Perceptions and Expectations of Customers Includes Measures of Loyalty or Behavioral Intentions Balances Cost and Value of Information Includes Statistical Validity When Necessary Measures Priorities or Importance Occurs with Appropriate Frequency
  • 4. Portfolio of Services Research Customer Complaint Solicitation “ Relationship” Surveys Post-Transaction Surveys Customer Focus Groups “ Mystery Shopping” of Service Providers Employee Surveys Lost Customer Research Identify dissatisfied customers to attempt recovery; identify most common categories of service failure for remedial action Obtain customer feedback while service experience is still fresh; act on feedback quickly if negative patterns develop Use as input for quantitative surveys; provide a forum for customers to suggest service-improvement ideas Assess company’s service performance compared to competitors; identify service-improvement priorities; track service improvement over time Measure individual employee service behaviors for use in coaching, training, performance evaluation, recognition and rewards; identify systemic strengths and weaknesses in service Measure internal service quality; identify employee-perceived obstacles to improve service; track employee morale and attitudes Determine the reasons why customers defect Research Objective Type of Research Future Expectations Research To forecast future expectations of customers To develop and test new service ideas
  • 5. Stages in the Research Process
    • Stage 1 : Define Problem
    • Stage 2 : Develop Measurement Strategy
    • Stage 3 : Implement Research Program
    • Stage 4 : Collect and Tabulate Data
    • Stage 5 : Interpret and Analyze Findings
    • Stage 6 : Report Findings
  • 6. Figure 5-5 Service Quality Perceptions Relative to Zones of Tolerance by Dimensions Retail Chain 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 Reliability Responsiveness Assurance Empathy Tangibles O O O O Zone of Tolerance S.Q. Perception O O
  • 7. Service Quality Perceptions Relative to Zones of Tolerance by Dimensions Computer Manufacturer 10 8 6 4 2 0 Reliability Responsiveness Assurance Empathy Tangibles O O O O O Zone of Tolerance S.Q. Perception O
  • 8. Figure 5-6 Importance/Performance Matrix HIGH HIGH LOW Performance Importance           Attributes to Improve Attributes to Maintain High Leverage Attributes to De-emphasize Attributes to Maintain Low Leverage