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Karim Anil: Need for Change


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    • 1. Need for Change in our Educational System
      By: Anil Karim
      Graduate Student University of Houston Victoria
    • 2.
    • 3. Partnership With Culture
      Instead of promoting diversity and change we are creating cultural gaps
    • 4. Cultural Gaps Created
      Caused by
      Belief in the “one size fits all” pedagogy
    • 5. Public school instructors need to acknowledge that…
      Students from different backgrounds do not learn in the same manner.
    • 6. Different Background, Different Learning Style
      Not all students learn
      through the same mode of
      Auditory learners vs.
      Visual learners
      Some students come
      with a stronger foundation
      Some students learn at a
      different pace
    • 7. Cultural Gaps in Education Today
      • Design the infrastructure
      • 8. Develop the curriculum
      • 9. Set the school holidays
      • 10. Design assessments and standardized tests
      Minority communities
      Forced to adopt the programs, instruction, and facilities
      Impacts: history, heritage, values and beliefs
      Dominant Members of Society
      Cultural Communities
    • 11.
    • 12. The inability to embrace diversity leads to inequalities with in the education system
    • 13. Major American Educational Inequalities
      Racial Gaps
      Funding Gaps
    • 14. The unequal distribution of wealth is directly
      related to inequalities in education beginning at early education.
    • 15. Cycle of Poverty
    • 16. The official poverty rate in 2006 was 12.3%.
      In 2006, 36.5 million people were in poverty.
      3.6 million people are in poverty only in Texas, where over half a million reside in Houston.
      National Poverty Statistics
    • 17. 21.9% of our children are in poverty.  This resembles nearly over 7 million children nationally.
      Lets take a look around the world….
      Children in Poverty
    • 18. % of children below national poverty lines in rich nations
      The USA is Second to Last behind Mexico (which is considered a rich nation)
    • 19. When families are in a lower income bracket, the following practice specific outcomes have been documented:
      Henderson & Mapp, 2002, in Sanders, 2008, p. 287
      Why is income Important?
    • 20. On average, almost one year behind middle-class children in their education – at the age of five, they are 11.1 months behind others in vocabulary tests.
      Have the highest drop out rates
      Are in property-poor school districts where funds are moving to property-rich appropriated through the reward program
      The Poorest Children
    • 21. These gaps are created
      when students of a
      particular race (African
      American, Latino, Native
      American) perform below the national
      average, verses those
      who perform above
      the national average
      (Whites, Asians)
      Racial Gaps
    • 22. Racial Gaps in Education
      Blacks (24.3%)
      Hispanics (20.6%)
      Asians (10.3%)
      Non-Hispanic Whites (8.2%)
      • The majority of poor are Hispanic and African American, limiting only 8% to white Americans.
      • 23. Majority of Black and Hispanic children are 4 years behind when they graduate high school.
      • 24. In Texas, 46% of our schools are Hispanic and will grow beyond 50% in the coming years.
    • The states have adopted new exams in an effort to raise academic standards to hold schools and students accountable for their performance.
      But is this helping or
      hurting the students?
      Closing the Gap
    • 25. Educators fear the content learned in school will be geared towards passing these “tests” and less on actually educating the students.
      The tests are generally not aligned to the curriculum which means that
      students are tested on material to which they
      may not have been exposed.
      The tests are also administered in English
      which means that some students are unable to
      comprehend the questions.
    • 26. Schools in low income
      districts often face issues
      with funding
      Funding Gaps
    • 27. Cash incentive programs
      that reward schools for
      high scores on standardized
      tests creating a growing
      gulf between the rich
      and poor.
      This doesn’t make sense!
      Instead of investing on schools that are failing we offer
    • 28. Students do not have access to proper materials and environment needed for success.
      Consequences of Funding Gaps
      The rich school keep getting richer, and the poor school keep getting poorer.
    • 29. We spend Less than 3% GDP while Sweden spends 18%
      While we have 21.9% of our children in poverty compared to only 4.2% in Sweden
      Social Spending
    • 30. Spending an equal amount on education among high poverty and low poverty districts
      A 2004 report by Education Trust shows that
      36 states have a funding gap, with a nationwide difference between high-poverty and low-poverty districts of $1,348 per student
      Close the funding gap between districts by:
    • 31. Increase in high school drop out rates
      Leading to an increase in unemployment
      A decrease in college enrollment
      Leading to a lower quality of life
      Inequalities in education lead to
    • 32.
    • 33. High School Grads VS College Grads
      In 2005, male workers ages 25-34 with a high school diploma had a median income of $29,600, while those with a bachelor’s degree or higher earned $48,400.
      Among women, those with a high school diploma made $23,500, and their counterparts with bachelor’s degree or higher earned $39,500.
    • 34. The Importance of Education
      Poverty increases as level of education decreases
    • 35. Looking at the Big Picture… Why Degrees Matter
    • 36. A decrease of student involvement.
      Lack of student interest in the classroom.
      Low performance on examinations.
      Inequalities in Education Lead to
    • 37. In 2005, Raytheon
      Company launched its
      MathMovesU program, and
      surveyed middle school
      students nationwide.
      84 percent would rather clean their room, take out the trash, eat their vegetables or go to the dentist than do their math homework.
      Anything BUT Math…Please
    • 38. What is the importance of Math and Science in Education
    • 39. Early childhood
      Science in early childhood settings offers a means for children to develop many important skills: large- and small- muscle control, language, early math concepts and problem solving.
    • 40. Higher Education
      According to the US department of education,
      Students who take rigorous mathematics and science courses are much more likely to go to college than those who did not.
      Improvement Math and Science will help the students become more competitive.
    • 41. Where is the US in terms of math & science compared to other nations?
      In the Program for International Student Assessment, American students had an average science score that was lower than the average in 16 other countries. In math, they did even WORSE, posting an average score that was lower than the average in 23 other countries!
    • 42. Creating the Spark
    • 43. The key to educating students’ long term interest in math and science is to develop engaging educational activities that spark and build upon their situational interest
      “Situational interest”—the interest a person has in the current task they’re doing.
      By putting the material into a meaningful and relevant context
      The more interested students are in a subject, the more involved they become in their assignments—putting greater effort into their studies and engaging in deeper levels of thinking.
      But How Does Interest Affect Achievement?
    • 44. How can you get students to becoming interested in science and math?
      Making the learning process more interactive and engaging
      Developing engaging educational activities
      Using hands-on projects
      Stimulating the imagination
      Encouraging group work
      Talking about career opportunities in the classroom.
    • 45. “We will not be a leader unless we can improve our national performance in math and science”
    • 46. It’s a Dog eat Dog World
      of the
      If you are not the BEST of the BEST,
      you’re in trouble!
    • 47. Globalization
      Global economic competition is confronting every sector of our economy and our workforce – in information technology as well as in manufacturing, among professional employees as well as blue-collar workers.
    • 48. Due to the current economic situation,
      the job market has become more and
      more competitive.
      Students coming out of college must have more then a college degree to land a job or someone else will beat them to it.
    • 49. A Labor
      Department report shows:
      There are about 6.3
      workers competing,
      on average, for each job
    • 50. Another reason for the increased competition in the job market is outsourcing.
    • 51. The US is falling behind in Math and Science
    • 52. Are US students prepared for competition with international students?
      Do they have the skills?
      What can be done to prepare them?
    • 53. In 2006, president Bush introduced the "American Competitiveness Initiative" that would:
      Encourage kids to take more math and science
      Train 70,000 high school teachers to lead math and science advanced placement courses
      Bring 30,000 math and science professionals into public school classrooms to teach.
      Increasing Competition
    • 54. Preparation for competition begins with...
      Changes in the curriculum in the public schools
      Compared to the rest of the world, we are falling behind
      What can we do?
    • 55. Changes in the Curriculum
      Develop statewide literacy programs built on research about effective reading instruction.
      Provide professional development in literacy instruction for high school teachers.
      Provide accelerated learning grants to support partnerships between districts and institutions of higher education.
      And most importantly…
      Fund Career Technical Education programs that are academically rigorous and focus on the dual goals of college and work preparation.
    • 56. Provides career awareness, career counseling, and assessment for elementary and secondary school students through academic instruction integrated with relevant technical skills and related work-based activities.
      AIMS test results find that CTE-enrolled high school students score higher overall in math, science and reading than average. 
      Career Technical Education Programs
    • 57. According to the Adelman research (1999)
      The rigor of the high school
      curriculum is the most important
      predictor of college completion—it is
      more important than parent
      education level or family income
      An intensive academic curriculum had
      the strongest effect for African
      American and Latino students
      Students completing a college preparatory
      curriculum are more likely to succeed in
      college and less likely to need remedial coursework.
      Increasing Rigor
    • 58. Raising graduation requirements
      Ensuring access to quality course
      content and instruction
      Aligning course content and
      assessments with the skills
      necessary for higher education
      and employment
      Institutionalizing additional
      support for students at risk.
      Increasing the Standards for A Brighter Future
    • 59. According to a College Board study,
      Higher rates of volunteering, voting and donating blood correspond to higher levels of education as do lower unemployment and poverty rates.
      A Better Quality of Life
    • 60. According to New York Times, “The achievement gap between white and minority students has not narrowed in recent years.”
      Between 2004 and last year, scores for young minority students increased, but so did those of white students, leaving the achievement gap stubbornly wide.
      So What has Changed?
    • 61. Schools rely on local property taxes as a crucial source of funds.
      The poorer districts are still not receiving sufficient funds, making it difficult for their students to excel academically.
      “The U.S. has created a caste system of public education that is increasingly separate and unequal.”
      Racial inequality still remains an issue and diversity is not fully accepted.
    • 62. This is the time for