Anil gupta talk at world indigenous network conference 2013 may 25 darwin australia


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presentation at world indigenous network conference, Inaugural session Keynote lecture, Darwin, Australia, May 26, 2013 to trigger discussions about local creativity, innovation and knowledge can be leveraged for supporting self reliant development

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Anil gupta talk at world indigenous network conference 2013 may 25 darwin australia

  1. 1. Anil GuptaLeveraging Indigenous Knowledge, creativity andinnovations:Honey Bee Network model
  2. 2. Leveraging Indigenous Knowledge, creativity andinnovations:Honey Bee Network modelAnil k GuptaHoney Bee Network, IIMA,SRISTI,
  3. 3. Honey Bee NetworkFounded in 1987-1988A nameless, faceless innovator or traditional knowledgeholder comes into contact with the Network and gets anidentity.
  4. 4. MeghalayaTechnology is likewords, institutionsare likegrammarand culture is likethesaurusThree pillars ofsustainability
  5. 5. CREATING Open Source PublicStandards Of Excellence:Shodhyatra Bengal
  6. 6. BlendingPassion,PurposeandPerformanceThroughPlatforms
  7. 7. Mapping the Creative mind of the world at GrassrootsCulturalEducationalTechnologicalInstitutional Folkloric
  8. 8. Inclusive Innovations• Dimensions of Inclusion• Designing Policies and institutions attending to the needs ofneglected– Spaces– Sectors– Social segments– Skills and knowledge
  9. 9. Why do we practice or actually do so little?Knowledge, Feeling and DoingKnowledgeFeelingDoing
  10. 10. IntellectualcapitalEthical CapitalSocial capital IntellectualpropertyNaturalcapitalSource: Gupta, 2001
  11. 11. Individual creativity, nurtured bycommunity, diffused widely insocietyCommunityKnowledgePublicdomainCommunity knowledge,documented & disseminated in public domainwith or without PI ConsentPrivate, individualknowledge/innovations/practiceKnowledgeCommunityIndividualFigure 1. Source: Gupta 2001,Gupta and Sinha,2002Individual Knowledge put in publicdomain without or with consentPublicIndividualCommunityPublicPracticeNoneContested Domains of Local Knowledge
  12. 12. • What is an innovation: out of threedimensions, material, method or purpose or application, atleast one should be new• Do incentives for innovations matter?• Obviously yes, but do incentives of same kind will triggervarious kinds of innovations?• What kind of contingent models of rewarding creativity bedeveloped so that innovations for various social segmentsevolve, mature and diffuse?
  13. 13. Resource right regimesKnowledgeright regimesPrivate Community Public Open accessPrivate PKPR-1 PKCR-2 PKPR-3 PK-OA R-4Community CKPR-5 CKCR-6 CKPR-7 CKOA R-8Public PUBKPR-9 PUBKCR-10 PUBKPR-11 PUBKOAR-12How to tailor incentives for combination of resource and knowledge right regimes
  14. 14. How to reward: Portfolio of Incentives for InnovationsMaterial-individualIpr or non ipr based awardsAwardsR and D grantsEndowmentsNon-material-individualRecognitionHonourMemorialMaterial-collectiveTrust fundsVenture and incubation fundsCollective awardsSupport for Institution buildingCreating sanctuaries for innovationEndowmentsNon-material-collectivePolicy changesPedagogic changesForms of incentivesMaterial Non materialTargetOf IndividualIncentivesCollective
  15. 15. How do Innovations occur?When at least one of the three is new• Method — processes• Material — entropy, energy,• Moving along the value chain: purpose or Applications –externally driven, user driven, community driven
  16. 16. Innovation Outcomes: 7Cs• Convergence• Collaboration• Creativity• Convenience, comfort, drudgery reduction, efficiency• Cost reduction, affordability• Coverage: reaching the unreached• Consumption -sustainable
  17. 17. • Search: Celebrating the decade of innovation bymapping the creativity and innovations in thehinterland• Spread: Disseminating/Cross-pollinating innovationsacross spaces, social segments and sectors• Sense or Benchmark: Identifying the roots ofpersistent problems and the mindsets that triggertheir continued tolerance in society and solveproblem, add value and develop product/service• Celebrate: Recognising achievers in different socialsegmentsNational Innovation Clubs
  18. 18. No matter where you turn, left or right,creative voices are waiting to be heard,with all their might
  19. 19. Road toRoad toRoad toRoad toRoad toRoad toRoad toRoad toRoad toinnovators don’t keep noticeboard outside their homes, we haveto search them and
  20. 20. Service at your door step:Sheikh Jahangir, Jalgaon, MaharshtraFortune at the Top of Ethical andInnovation PyramidScooter mounted flour mill: threeidiot fame Scooterbased washing machine
  21. 21. learning from common people:Saidullah, champaran, BiharBlendinglove, learning and lovinglearningloveliving
  22. 22. Compressed air carMr. Kanak Gogoi, Assam, cost per km, 60 paise
  23. 23. Motorcycle Driven Multifunctional ImplementMr. Mansukhbhai Jagani, Amreli, GujaratQueries for technology transfer, training to farmers
  24. 24. Bicycle Refrigerator For Rural AreasIt is a 50 lit capacity, refrigerator which is powered by a rear wheel of bicycle.To achieve the required rpm of compressor a larger pulley of dia 20 inchon rear wheel shaft through which a compressor is runSteady paddling of bicycle at 14 km/hr. for 30 minutes at an ambienttemperature of 35 C,brings down the temperature in box to 8 C.Student : Sagar Chandrakant Gadkar, Amol Raghunath Kachare, Sanjay ShivajiKachare, Suyog Hanmant JadhavGuided By : Prof. S. A. KhotCollege : Padmabhushan Vasantraodada Patil Institute oftechnology, Budhgaon, Sangli
  25. 25. creativity, compassion, communication and collaborationanilHoney Bee anilg@sristi.organilgb@gmail.comAutopoeisis at grassroots forinclusive developmentcreativity, compassion, communication and collaboration
  26. 26. Learning from multiple sources, levels, and channels:Future sources of learning, creativity and innovationwould not be restricted to formal boundaries of organisations.Polycentric Learning frommultiple sources, levels,and channels:
  27. 27. Creating networksNo one organization is likely to possess sufficient information or knowledge toenable it to achieve its goals
  28. 28. Shaping future requires working sometimes withouttemplates:Integration of different streams of thought and action requireincorporation, assimilation and adaptation of the strengths of each system
  29. 29. Shadows of sustainable spirit:Trying to look for frugal, diverse, resilient and simultaneous solutions, as naturedoes all the time
  30. 30. Power of long term dreams• A page from Japanese history• 200 year long Edu policy, 1860s
  31. 31. Inclusive development throughformal and informal innovationsSome pointers towardsinnovations but also inertia
  32. 32. Emerging Models of Innovations• New models of Innovations:a)Building upon what disadvantaged people are rich in:inability to live with problems unsolved –overcominginertiab)Empathetic innovations: samvedana se srijansheelta, khokho model of innovation ( innovation relay )c)Going beyond long tail, long nose of innovations toturbulent innovations
  33. 33. Models of Innovations:d) Inverted model of innovations: children invent, engineersfabricate, and companies commercializee) Pooling of distributed ideas for innovation andexperimentation : uncommon from commonf) Distributed mind, transcending the limits of frugalityg) Moving blackboards: learning from unexpected quarters
  34. 34. Should accuracy be traded off withaffordabilityShould design overtake durabilityShould desires be preferred over deserving
  35. 35. Learning platforms:from concrete to abstract• 1. Artefactual - as a replication of solution level• 2. Analogically - metaphor to inspire• 3. Heuristically - as a model or principle• 4. Gestalt - configurational levelGupta, 2012, Own Complilation
  36. 36. Changing the context changes the content
  37. 37. Making Strategic BreakthroughsIncremental innovations, adaptivetrials, user-ledmodifications. , incubationR & D with external experts, newactors and new arrangementsProduct Development,amplify theform, features and functionsParadigmaticdisruption, discontinuity and non-parameteric approachessanctuaryKnownKnownUnknownUnknownDomain characteristicsTechnologicalplatforms
  38. 38. Long tail of innovation(only a few achieve scale, a large number sell a few pieces or in a few communities)Long noseofinnovation:Take longtime tocome intomarketRoom formaneuver
  39. 39. Learning from common people
  40. 40. Andhra PradeshMeghalayaMizoramEnergy: Do weharvest efficiently?
  41. 41. Low Cost Wind millMehtar Hussain and Mushtaq Ahmad, AssamOver 35 units installed in salt farming regionsof Gujarat to improve livelihood of poor saltfarmersInnovation by Mehtar Husain and his brother Mushtaq Ahmed from Assam to GujaratSeveral African countries have shown interest to get this technologyJust 70EuroStronger, durable version, 900 euro,saves diesel worth 700 euro in oneseason of salt making
  42. 42. Solutions for the poor and the rich, by the poor:but this is not Jugaad,Non stick clay pan:Rs 60 /= Mansukh BhaiPrajapati, SurendraNagar, Gujarat
  43. 43. Mansukhbhai : Mitticool Product Range
  44. 44. Herbal Neem stabilizerKanubharti Mojibharti Bavaji, Junagadh, GujaratValidation: Institute of Himalayan Bioresource Technology,Palampur
  45. 45. Insecticidal activities of one of the grassroots practices (acombination of five ingredients) were tested in differentratio against Lepidopterons• Practice was found to be effective against Helicoverpa armigeralarvae and exhibited Insect Growth Regulator (IGR) like activities.• In all the combination tested, larvae failed to reach pupationstage and many died during larval stages. Similar activities wererecorded in Spodoptera litura, however some of the larvaereached to pupation but failed to hatch into adults• In dose response assay activity was retained up to 2%.Validation: Institute of Himalayan Bioresource Technology, Palampur
  46. 46. sity is thy nature, indifference is ours?????????ng from childrencan we scout innovative ideas from kids, technts, informal sector and professional individuals?
  47. 47. Nisha ChaubeNOIDABag with folding seat
  48. 48. Arnab from, West Bengal
  49. 49. Show freshener from chinaWei zhi chuan, class tenth• Wei started playing ping pong at theage of six• After lot of practice in the day, hisshoes became wet due to sweatand left an uncomfortable feeling• He thought of inventing ―bactericidalshoe hanging machine‖• When the shoes are put on the hooksin the shoe hanging machine, theultra violet rays and hot air startfreshening the shoe and thedampness as well as the odour isremoved. The shoes become fresh.
  50. 50. Mohammed UsmanHanif Patel, Jalgaon,Maharashtra, class two
  51. 51. Multi-purpose Processing MachineInnovator: Shri Dharamveer, Yamuna Nagar, Haryana• The machine is capable of processing various herbs like juice and gel of aloe vera, juice ofamla, jamun, mango, tomato, orange, etc.• The cylindrical vessel is surrounded by jacket of castor oil for uniform distribution of heat.• Motor speed: 1440 rpm; Rotor/centrifuge speed: 360 rpm• Two variants of capacity 50 kg/h and 150 kg/h• Electricity consumption : 1-1.5 units/hour• Weight of machine: 60 kg and 125 kg• NIF engaged a design firm to improve aesthetics, functionality, safety and hygiene.
  52. 52. Typhoid Fever•Typhoid is one of the most common worldwide bacterial diseases transmitted byingestion of food and water, contaminated with Salmonella typhi. Poor sanitationconditions promote the occurrence and re-occurrence of typhoid•Symptoms of typhoid includes frequent fever and gastric problems.•Typhoid fever persist for three weeks to a month, which may be fatal if nottreated.•Treatment of typhoid includes various chemical drugs such as ampicillin,chloramphenicol, amoxicillin, ciprofloxacin etc•Resistance of causal organism towards these commonly used drugs is one of themajor concern worldwide. Typhoid resistance to these drugs are known as MultiDrug Resistant Typhoid (MDR-Typhoid)Herbal Formulation for Typhoid:•Extract and fractions obtained from Shorearobusta was evaluated against causalorganism of typhoid and all of them showedgood control in in vitro conditions.•Toxicity of the above was also tested in invivo conditions in Swiss albino mice at differentdose and it was found non-toxic even at theoral dose of 1200mg/kg.
  53. 53. Evaluation of Plant extracts for their anti-cancer properties•The plants extract evaluated for its efficacy against Skin cancer cell lines (B16F10 - LucG5) showedsignificant reduction in the % cell viability.•The growth of cancer cells were reduced when they were treated with extracts.•A dose dependent relationship was observed, higher the concentration of the extract higher was thereduction in the cell proliferation.• The herbal extract is very effective against the cancer cell lines.
  54. 54. Silk (Protien) Producing Structure of SpiderSpinneret one of the specialized silk-handling devices found in spiders. 4 pairs (2 on 10th segment and 2 on11th abdominal segment)Spinnerets aremovable, sclerotized tubescomposed of several segments;they vary in size, and are mostlyconical in web-spinning species.The silk glands produce aprotein (fibroin) as a liquidwhich is emitted through tinyspigots on the ends and ventralsides of the spinnerets.“Spider Protein Formulation for Blood Clotting”
  55. 55. What can we learn from theFrugality of people living onthe margins?It takes very little to be happy
  56. 56. Traditions of excellence panchmahalsGujarat
  57. 57. Is this a skilled job? How can then she be unskilled?
  58. 58. Thank god! She did not know aboutMaslowDiscovering Indian roots of thoughts that empower us by making us vulnerableBhabi mahato: an unrecognised creative genius
  59. 59. No surface is too scarce, no place more perfectfor the expression of creative spirit even on dungcakes heap
  60. 60. Maslow’sHierarchy ofNeeds?
  61. 61. Maslow’s Hierarchyof Needs?
  62. 62. Shall we take notice ofinnovation only when itfalls out of place?
  63. 63. InnovationInvestmentEnterpriseGOLDEN TRIANGLE OF CREATIVITY
  64. 64. Mouse marries an elephantNIF and TATA join hands : TATA agrico will marketsugarcane bud chipper manufactured by wishwakarma,a grassroots innovator
  65. 65. Mind to market:the case of herbavate
  66. 66. Herbavate: a skin ointmentIt is based on the knowledge of seven innovators from sixdistricts Sabarkanth, Panchmahal, Dang, Mahsana, Patanand Bhavnagar of Gujarat. Herbavate exhibits remarkableproperties against eczema and variety of inflammatory andinfectious skin conditions.Communities: The innovators of Herbavate: 1. AmratbhaiShankarbhai Rawal, Mehsana Gujarat. 2. KunjubhaiKakadiyabhai Bhoya, Dang Gujarat 3. Pujabhai Dabhi,Sabarkantha, Gujarat 4. Karshanbhai Parmar, SabarkanthaGujarat 5. Laxmanbhai Pagi, Panchmahal, Gujarat 6.Lilabhai Rawal, Patan Gujarat 7. Lakhabhai BecharbhaiKhatana, Bhavnagar Gujarat
  67. 67. g2Ggrassroots to globalGlobal GIAN – Building Global ValueChain for augmentation of GreenGrassroots Innovations
  68. 68. Sales made1. Coconut tree climber- USA (Florida, Massachussets,California, Hawaii etc.) Australia, Maldives, Sri Lanka, Brazil,Mexico, West Indies2. Pomegranate deseeder-Turkey, USA3. Garlic peeling machine-Pakistan4. Arecanut husker- Singapore5. Milking machine-Phillipines, Uganda, Ethiopia6. Resin grading machine-Peru7. Cassava peeling machine-kenya8. Herbal growth promoters-Ghana
  69. 69. Product enquiries:Sl no. Innovation/product Countires1 Coconut/palm tree climbing device USA, United Kingdom, Vietnam, Australia, Sri Lanka, Mexico,Iran, West Indies2 Entech oil expeller USA, United Kingdom, Australia, Phillipines, Canada, Kenya,Colombia, S. Africa, Switzerland, Poland, Indonesia, Belgium3 Garlic peeling machine Slovenia, USA, Turkey, Peru, Singapore, Iran , Venezuela,Pakistan4 Pomegranate deseeding machine USA, Australia, Turkey, Venezuela, Hongkong, Israel,Netherlands, Thailand, UAE, Iran, United Kingdom5 Cassava peeling machine Congo, USA, Benin, Nigeria, Kenya, UAE, Uganda6 Aaruni tilting cart Uganda7 Coconut defibring machine China8 Coconut dehusker Mexico, New Zealand, USA, Philippines, Bangladesh9 Lemon cutting machine S. Africa10 Milking machine Bangladesh, Uganda, Ecuador11 Palm leaf mat weaving machine Fiji12 Rain Gun (Chandraprabha) Sudan13 Tea making machine Bangladesh,14 Tile making machine Bangladesh, Kenya, Rwanda, Ghana, Zambia15 Trench digging machine Pakistan16 Zero head water turbine Egypt17 Arecanut dehusking machine Chile
  70. 70. Amphibious CarThe Chinese innovation by Hu Ze EnThe Indian Innovation by P.S.Vinod, Kerala
  71. 71. Bicycle HoeGopal Malhari Bhise, Ahmednagar,MaharashtraZhang Xingming, Shaanxi ProvinceLao Yang, Shan dong provinceWang FuheMiyun County, Beijing
  72. 72. Values and basic principles of HBNCross pollination through KnowledgeSharing in local languageRecognition, Respect & Reward,reinforcing identity of creative peopleFair and just Benefit Sharing
  73. 73. Dynamics of small town, small institutions, subculturesLessons from by sristi.orgInnovations will emerge from big minds in small places, youngpeople, even less trained ones
  74. 74. www.techpedia.inRecently a new initiative, (a portal by pooling 104,000 engineering projects by 350k studentsfrom over 500 institutions) etc., engaging with youth in the oneof the youngest country
  75. 75. Shanu sharma: vardan, iitk
  76. 76. Image, Speech Recognition and Speech Synthesis fordeaf and dumb to talk to normal peopleSaurabh Saket and Rahul Ranjan,Bhutta College of Engineering & Technology, Ludhiana
  77. 77. Has any big company given you a fridge that also givesyou hot water, keeps food warm and consumes lesselectricity?Lpg gas basedrefrigeratorChintan, Mayank,Biren MehsanaHot water from fridgeDhruv MehsanaExhaust pipe coolsdrivers cabin
  78. 78. SRISTI (Society for Research and Initiatives for SustainableTechnologies and Institutions, 1993) is a developmental voluntaryorganization, set up to strengthen the Honey Bee Network ofgrassroots innovators engaged in conserving biodiversity anddeveloping sustainable solutions to local problems. Note on SRISTIBiodiversityModern Rand DGive me a place to stand, Iwill move the word
  79. 79. Shodh yatraEvery Summer, Every Winter
  80. 80. SHODHYATRA in salty arid plains MAY 2009
  81. 81. Blending formal and informal science andtechnologyCan people’s knowledge push the frontiers of science andtechnology?
  82. 82. SatvikTraditional Food Festival, iim campus
  83. 83. Informal Network of like mindedpeople and organizations. It has nophysical addressFirst formal steps, anNGO to support theHBNRegional TechnologyBusiness Incubators toaugment grassrootsinnovation through valueaddition & businessdevelopmentNational level bodysupported by DST. Govtof India to scale upgreen grassrootsinnovationsHoney Bee Network- an Incubator ofInstitutions
  84. 84. Mining the minds of massesNIF has mobilized more than 160,000 ideas, innovation, andtraditional knowledge practices, of course not allunique, from over 500 districts of India. Patents have beenfiled for more than 450 grassroots innovations andoutstanding tk practices in India and USA; much more are inpublic domain
  85. 85. FunctionsScoutingandDocumentationDissemination &InformationTechnologyValue Addition& ProductDevelopmentIPRsManagementNIFEnterprise& BusinessDevelopment
  86. 86. Current Status• Scouted more than 160,000, ideas, innovations, traditionalknowledge practices (Not all unique)• 500+ patents filed on behalf of innovators• 500 projects supported for value addition• 174 projects under Micro venture innovation fund• Transferred 64 technologies to 78 licensees
  87. 87. Children’s Creativity and Innovation Day October 15
  88. 88. Key lessonsa) Tk is not uniformly distributed, some times neighboring villagesdon’t know, sometimes within a village people don’t knowb) There is a huge difference between those who know but cantpractice vis a vis those who can do both
  89. 89. c) Without generating an ethical value chain, there is notmuch benefit that will be shared; both market driven andself use driven open source and protected tech domainsneed to be nurtured; patents are important but collegiallearning is even more important. Acknowledgement ofpeople’s knowledge at all stages of value chain includingon packages
  90. 90. d) Moving towards Tech commons:Self employed people who work with their hands and are atnear subsistence level need to be encouraged to copy andimitate the knowledge, but firms cannot usurp the people’s tkand tk based innovations without licensingLead innovations and derivative innovations by a group ofgrassroots innovators and tk holders are kept in bundle. Thisbundle by common consent can be licensed to a firm butmembers of a community and other self employed people cancopy and adapt it for their own survival
  91. 91. e) PIC needs to be taken at different stages, assuring toomuch before finding out out novelty will raise expectationswhich may not be fulfilled, it will lead to frustration ( Formal and informal science have to be blended beforevaluable IP can really be created. In any case credit may begiven in ip in relevant cases to formal sector but assignmentmay still be done in the name of local communities
  92. 92. g) There is no fast track for applications based on TK at anylevel, national or international level, Australian innovationprotection system a good model ( eight years, five claims, 250au$, three months)h)A clearing house mechanism may be created so thatmarket opportunities may be generated for them
  93. 93. What are the ways in which national governmentscan deal with this challenge?• Identifying local champions who have a passion for buildingupon people’s creativity and innovative potential as well astraditional knowledge without in any way taking anobscurantist view of formal institutional science andtechnology.• Empowering such individuals through endowments similar tothe one created by Government of India in the case of NIFset up by Department of Science and Technology (with acorpus of 5 million dollars).• Trusting the Governing Board of such a Foundation tomaintain national register of grassroots innovations andtraditional knowledge, and build a value chain around suchinnovations.
  94. 94. • Creating a policy environment for protection of people’sknowledge and also providing risk capital for adding valuefor developing products and commercializing technologiesat varying terms for mass consumption.• Developing a fund for supporting diffusion of open sourcepublic domain technologies governed by the Prior InformedConsent of the knowledge holders, communities as well asindividuals.• Incorporating lessons from the unaided innovations as well astraditional knowledge in the curriculum at school level toreinforce the spirit of conservation of biodiversity andassociated knowledge systems with simultaneousinducements of healthy skepticisms and positiveexperimental ethic.
  95. 95. Rethinking logistics for sustainablefuturelearning from grassrootsinnovatorsanil k guptaanilg@sristi.orgshall we join hands in learning from grassroots green innovatorsFortune really lies at the Top of Innovation, ethical, andvalue pyramidthus poor people are not at the bottom of all pyramidsanil k guptaNational Innovation Foundation, SRISTI, honey bee network, on themargin arenot marginalminds:
  96. 96. How did it happen: The journey…..SOCIETY FOR RESEARCH AND INITIATIVES FORSUSTAINABLE TECHNOLOGIES ANDINSTITUTIONS ( ) info@sristi.orgGRASSROOTS INNOVATION AUGMENTATIONNETWORK ( INNOVATION FOUNDATION( info@nifindia.orgAnilg@sristi.orgHoney bee network , informal globalsocial movement, started in 1987-88,
  97. 97. Creativity countsKnowledge mattersInnovations transformIncentives inspire( not just individual, but also collective, not justmaterial, but also non-material)Join the Honey Bee Network!For rewarding indigenous creativity and,,