Ebook drdepression

  • 180 views
Uploaded on

Depression is a mental illness, it may be described as feeling sad, persistent unhappiness  feelings of being miserable. Depression can also be called as a mood disorder which is caused by chemical …

Depression is a mental illness, it may be described as feeling sad, persistent unhappiness  feelings of being miserable. Depression can also be called as a mood disorder which is caused by chemical changes in the brain.

  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
180
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0

Actions

Shares
Downloads
2
Comments
0
Likes
0

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. For more Information Please Visit DrDepression.orgPrefaceDo you feel low every now and then?Do you feel exhausted and helpless?Is pessimism ruling your mind?Just because you are smiling every time doesn’t mean that you are happy from within.Everybody feels sad or blue at some point in their life. But when this sadness becomes aneveryday feeling, chances are high that you might be falling in depression.What is Depression?It is a mental disorder which affects the thoughts, feelings, actions and physical health of thedepressed. It reflects sad or negative moods beyond the normal levels of sorrowfulness. It is acommon mental illness affecting millions of people every year. It is prevalent in all age groups.Whether it is a child or an older adult, it can affect any anyone at any stage of his/her life.Do not Confuse Depression with SadnessPeople feel sad on numerous occasions – after breaking up with their partners, after quarrellingwith friends, after losing their jobs, when their closed one expires, when they fail in exams andthe like. But such sadness can be overcome with proper care and time. However, beingdepressive is not a mere state of sadness. It is far more than that. It is a strong feeling thatinvolves physical, mental and social behavioral change in a person. When people are depressed,they feel angry, lose pleasure in daily activities, feel hopeless, cry frequently, experience changes
  • 2. For more Information Please Visit DrDepression.orgin diet and sleep, do self-criticism, etc. If not treated on time, it can even lead to dangerouseffects like committing suicide. Every year, more than 8 million depressed people commitsuicide. Like any other illness, it should be treated immediately.Read more: Types Causes Symptoms TreatmentBut remember, “Concern should drive us into action, and not into a depression.” We all haveworries and fears. We all go through hardships and failures. But this should not reach to a levelthat it lets us fall into mental disorders. Yes, depression is a kind of mental disorder. And itnourishes by ungrieved and unforgiven hurts. So if you have been experiencing frequent badmoods and low feelings, then you might be falling into this disorder. In order to get aconfirmation, check from the below list of common depression symptoms.Physical Change in appetite: You may experience sudden loss of appetite or might crave formore food. Change in weight: You might gain excess kilos in a month’s time due to over eating orsuffer from extreme weight loss. Sleep disturbances: Insomnia or hypersomnia, but you are sure to experience one ofthese. Don’t be surprised if you wake up in the middle of the sleep. Loss of energy: Some of you might feel fatigue and tired all the time. One of the biggestsigns of depression. Unexplained aches and pains: Body pain, headaches and stomach aches are verycommon depression symptoms.Mental Low self-esteem: You feel helpless, hopeless and worthless almost everyday. Depressed mood: You remain sad all the time without any valid reason. ‘Feeling blue’becomes your favorite line. Self-loathing: You held yourself responsible for every blunder here and there. There isalso an extreme guilt that keeps flowing in your mind for past events.
  • 3. For more Information Please Visit DrDepression.org Lack of concentration: You find difficulty in focusing on a particular task and becomedependent on others for decision-making. Crying: Do you find the reasons for your frequent crying? If yes, are they the same mostof the time? Your answer might be YES. Add it to the signs of depression. Sex: You lose interest in sex. You no longer enjoy the intimacy that you earlier used toenjoy with your partner. Extreme pessimism: Your outlook to life is negative. Everything you see has a fault. Feel anxious: Because your approach to life has become negative, you constantly feelanxious and worried. Thoughts of death: Getting suicidal thoughts is one of the biggest and dangeroussymptoms of depressionSocial behavior Loss of interest: You seem disinterested in daily activities. Some of you might also go tothe extent of disliking your hobbies. Low tolerance levels: You tend to get irritated and angry on most occasions. One of thevery common depression symptoms. Careless behavior: Did you leave something on the gas stove on and completely forgotabout it? Such recklessness happens because you tend to remain lost in your own world. Low social involvement: You prefer to stay at home and alone all the time. Alcoholism: You tend to become alcoholic and drug addicted.If you or your loved one exhibits some or all of the symptoms discussed above, get help rightaway. See a doctor or a psychologist and try to find out what made or what is making you oryour closed one fall into depression. Is it a failure at something you tried aiming long or loss ofsomeone of importance in your life? Reason may be anything but symptoms of depressionshould not be left unattended or else it will increase the severity.
  • 4. For more Information Please Visit DrDepression.orgTypes of DepressionDepression is a mental disorder that affects millions of people every year. It is a seriouscondition since it interrupts with the daily social, professional and personal life of an individual.In extreme cases, it can also lead to suicidal attempts. Hence, it is very crucial to diagnose andtake proper treatment. But diagnosis of depression may not always be an easy job given thedifferent types of depression that exists since ages. A medical practitioner has to perform varioustests and analyze changed behavior of an individual in order to arrive at one depression type. It isonly after that a doctor can recommend proper treatment for a particular depression. Let usexamine each of the depression types in detail.Below is a list of different types of depression that vary according to their characteristics,severity and duration. Knowing the exact kind of depression you have will help you get the righttreatment.Atypical Depression (AD)Psychotic Depression (Psychotic Major Depression, PMD)Postpartum Depression (PPD, Postnatal Depression)Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD, Winter Depression, Seasonal Depression, Seasonal MoodDisorder)Anxiety Depression (Mixed Anxiety Depressive Disorder)Double DepressionEndogenous DepressionSituational Depression (Reactive Depression)Agitated DepressionDysthymia (Chronic Depression, Dysthymic Disorder, Neurotic Depression)
  • 5. For more Information Please Visit DrDepression.orgMelancholic DepressionCatatonic DepressionClinical Depression (Major Depressive Disorder, Major Depression, Recurrent DepressiveDisorder, Unipolar Depression or Unipolar Disorder)Cyclothymic Disorder (Cyclothmia)Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD)Manic Depression (Bipolar Disorder, Manic Depressive Disorder, Bipolar Affective Disorder)Non-melancholic depressionRecurrent Brief Depression (RBD)Existential DepressionSubstance Induced Depression (Drug Induced Depression, Substance Induced Mood Disorder)
  • 6. For more Information Please Visit DrDepression.orgDepression in MenAs men, we often have to behave tough and strong hiding our true emotions. But when theseemotions start piling up inside, they take the form of depression. But we should not be ashamed ofourselves even if we fall into depression. Because depression obviously doesn’t mean that you arelosing your masculinity. It’s just a mental disorder that affects millions of men from different backgroundat different ages. Unfortunately, we tend to deny their feelings and a lot of us feel shy in talking about thisto others, even to their closed ones.What causes depression in men? Increasing stress at workplace or home Relationship problems Death of a closed or loved one Suffering from a disease for a long time Lack of support from friends or family Extreme feeling of loneliness Losing an existing job Constant financial crisis at home Being left out in old age Impotence or sexual dysfunction Early childhood traumaWhat are the signs and symptoms of depression in men? They tend to blame others in every arguments They become irritable to the extent that they might start abusing or do physical torture to theirnear ones. They feel restless all the time and might even get agitated They might get addicted to alcohol or drugs They feel suspicious and often create clashes Anger is always on the tip of their noseHow to treat depression in men?The very first step towards treatment is talking openly to your doctor. You need to tell him about how youfeel and what physical changes you have been experiencing. Besides, you can also undergo therapysessions and take antidepressant medications as prescribed by the doctor. Bringing lifestyle changes can
  • 7. For more Information Please Visit DrDepression.orgalso help treat your depression. This includes exercising every morning, taking enough sleep, eatingproperly and reducing your stress level by practicing breathing exercises and yoga.Remember, every illness, whether mild or severe is curable. Only thing is that you need to be determinedto stand and fight against it consistently.Bipolar Symptoms in WomenIn general, women develop depression as twice as men. In bipolar disorder, they are more likely to fallprey to bipolar 2. During bipolar, a woman experiences two episodes. They are called as manic episodeand depressed episode. In both of these episodes, a woman experiences different symptoms.Below is the list of bipolar symptoms in women categorized according to these episodes.During her Manic Episode High energy levels and excitement all the time High self-esteem Feels like constantly talking to someone, discussing her feelings in detail Excessive social outings Takes hasty decisions Hyperactivity – one of the common bipolar symptoms in womenDuring her Depressed Episode Feels like staying on bed all the time Ignores social outing Weight gain Goes through feelings of hopelessness and worthlessness Thinks that there is no control over her future and the things happening around Constantly worrying about the issues at hand Getting too much sleep or going through sleeplessness Loss of interest in daily activities Excessive eating Excessive grieving on the death of closed one Difficulty in focusing or concentrating hallucinations Suicidal thoughts or feelings of deathPeople who have seen bipolar symptoms in women should give them moral and emotional support. Theyshould be given proper care and attention so as to recover faster from their illness. In case, you seesuicidal tendencies in a woman, you should immediately report it to the doctor and make sure that she isnot kept alone even for a single minute.
  • 8. For more Information Please Visit DrDepression.orgBipolar Disorder in ChildrenHave you seen some odd behavior in your child recently?Does your child over-react to something which he or she is not supposed to?Does your child becomes over excited on something or remains sad all the time?If the answer to any of the above questions is yes, then your child might be suffering frombipolar disorder.How common is bipolar in children?Reports have shown that as many as 7% of the children’s population every year fall prey tobipolar disorder.What are the causes of bipolar disorder in children? Family history of bipolar disorder Children suffering from anxiety disorder are more likely to develop bipolar disorder.What illnesses co-exist with bipolar in children? ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) High chances of getting alcoholic Clinical depression Anxiety disordersWhat are the bipolar symptoms in children?Click bipolar symptoms in children to read more.How is bipolar disorder detected in children?Doctors may perform various tests to diagnose any kind of problems in thinking, learning orspeech. They will also ask the parents about any kind of mood changes in the child and will alsotake details about the sleeping patterns and the energy levels of the child.
  • 9. For more Information Please Visit DrDepression.orgHow to treat bipolar disorder in children?Bipolar disorder in children can be treated in following ways: Antipsychotic medications and antidepressant drugs can prove to be effective for childrenaged between 10 and 17. However, do consult your doctor about the same before givingit to children. Lithium, one of the types of mood stabilizers is also considered in treating bipolar. Risperdal (risperidone) and Abilify (aripiprazole) are other FDA approved drugs fortreating bipolar in children. Psychotherapy can also help in curing bipolar.Is suicide a risk?Yes. Hence, it is extremely important on the parents’ part to resolve every negative thought thatcomes into their children’s mind. Comments like ‘I shouldn’t have come to this world,’ or‘nobody loves me’ should be taken seriously.
  • 10. For more Information Please Visit DrDepression.orgBipolar Symptoms in WomenIn general, women develop depression as twice as men. In bipolar disorder, they are more likely to fallprey to bipolar 2. During bipolar, a woman experiences two episodes. They are called as manic episodeand depressed episode. In both of these episodes, a woman experiences different symptoms.Below is the list of bipolar symptoms in women categorized according to these episodes.During her Manic Episode High energy levels and excitement all the time High self-esteem Feels like constantly talking to someone, discussing her feelings in detail Excessive social outings Takes hasty decisions Hyperactivity – one of the common bipolar symptoms in womenDuring her Depressed Episode Feels like staying on bed all the time Ignores social outing Weight gain Goes through feelings of hopelessness and worthlessness Thinks that there is no control over her future and the things happening around Constantly worrying about the issues at hand Getting too much sleep or going through sleeplessness Loss of interest in daily activities Excessive eating Excessive grieving on the death of closed one Difficulty in focusing or concentrating hallucinations Suicidal thoughts or feelings of deathPeople who have seen bipolar symptoms in women should give them moral and emotional support. Theyshould be given proper care and attention so as to recover faster from their illness. In case, you seesuicidal tendencies in a woman, you should immediately report it to the doctor and make sure that she isnot kept alone even for a single minute.