It is well recognized that women’s participation in income
generation activities lends them a better status within the
family and provides them with considerable freedom. Role of
women in working environment also give them opportunity to
exercise their rights and responsibilities, which contribute
organizational as well as economic development of the
country. It also reduces the possibility of domestic violence
It is possible to minimize industrial disputes by
contributing women workers the sector will maintained their
leadership in domestic country and will dominant in the
international market RMG is mainly human resources
especially human resources intensive industry and its
paramount proportion of human resources are women workers.
Scenario of RMG sector in BangladeshScenario of RMG sector in Bangladesh
The RMG sector in Bangladesh has emerged as the biggest
earner of foreign currency. The RMG sector has experienced
an exponential growth since the 1980s. The sector contributes
significantly to the GDP. It also provides employment to
around 2 million Bangladeshis. An overwhelming number of
workers in this sector are women. In the 1980s, there were
only 50 factories employing only a few thousand people.
Currently, there are over 5,000 manufacturing units.
However, the women workers are facing many problems. Most
women come from low income families. Low wage of women
workers and their compliancy have enabled the industry to
compete with the world market. Women are paid far less than
men mainly due to their lack education.
The main purpose for making this paper is to known the
Industrial Relation Scenario in Garments Sectors. The
specifics objective maybe show as under-
To know about the relationship scenario.
To acquire knowledge of employees working condition.
To identify the problems of the employees.
To know about employers opinion about employees.
This is an exploratory type of research.
There are two types of sources:
Primary Data Sources:
In the preparation of this research report, all necessary
information are collected and prepared by using primary
sources of data. Questionnaire was collected the required
data. We have applied survey method by using
questionnaire to gather primary data.
Secondary Data Sources:
We mainly use net browsing and books as Secondary
sources of data.
Population: The target population was people who work in
Sample unit: Among total population, people who work in the
RMG are considered as sample unit that is Individual
Sample Frame: We do not use any well structured sampling
frame for preparing this report.
Sampling procedure: We have used Non-probability
convenience sampling process for sampling as we have
collected information from who work in garments.
Sample size: Total sample size was 32. Every sample was
from a particular place.
It’s have much subject matter assembled on Industrial Relation
Scenario in Garments Sectors. In our questionnaire we keep a
question about working environment. The response of that
question is expressed below by a figure-
By our observation, we have 41% respondent response that the
working environment is extremely comfortable.
Sick day policy
By our survey we have information about that every
garments company have sick day policy. In figure we find
that 25% are extremely fair and 25% slightly fair policy in
Every small or big company has safety measurement. In our
survey 33% respondent response that strongly agree with
Follow up on request
In our survey on the employees in the garment industry are
follow up the request of the employers at every level. We
have 33% respondent response with the statement.
We made the following calculation that shows us
Comfortable environment improve productivity of the
Types Means ( ) Standard
follow up on
38.33 24.80 32
Challenging job at
44 29.81 32
So we get the following data about quickly employee follow
up on requests depends on challenging job at garments.
µ1 = Challenging job at garments employee.
µ2 = quickly employee follow up on requests.
Η0: µ1 = µ2 (Null hypothesis)
Η1: µ1 >µ2 (Alternative hypothesis)
It is tow sample tests. And sample size is larger ( 1 + n
2 > 30). So we use Z distribution.
It is one tail test. At 5% significant level (α= 0.05) the
critical value is 1.64.
Our calculated standardize value is lower than critical
value. So we can reject the null hypothesis.
We therefore assume that there is significant
difference between the Comfortable environments and
well paid for the work improves the productivity in
the context of Bangladesh.
In light of growing competition among readymade garment (RMG)
Exporting countries and consumers’ preference for products which
meet internationally recognized social standards, it is essential for
Bangladesh’s RMG suppliers to improve social compliance in their
Problems of Garments worker.
Poorly served by labor laws.
Promote and protect workers’ rights and enforce
Too much of trade unionism
Do not provide weekly holiday, casual leave increase in their wages
and safe conditions of work in the factories.
The lowest salary.
Government is not trying to serve the interests of garment worker.
Do not implement any worker health and safety measures.
Do not pay workers their salaries on time.
Take care of employee interest the owners of the garments
should take care the need of the employees properly.
The owner should take the decision of the worker for
making main decision.
Government should not impose the unnecessary law
against export import of garments product.
Economic fall should be avoided.
Improvement the environment of safety in garment.