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Open Source, Open Science, & Citizen Science
 

Open Source, Open Science, & Citizen Science

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Presentation for LUSSI seminar

Presentation for LUSSI seminar

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Open Source, Open Science, & Citizen Science Open Source, Open Science, & Citizen Science Presentation Transcript

  • Open
Source,
 Open
Science,
&
Citizen
Science Andrea
Wiggins 24
Juin,
2011 1
  • Où est Syracuse, NY? 2
  • My
Background•BA:
Mathematics
with
economics•Nonprofit
&
IT
industry
work –Adult
literacy,
nonprofit
management
 support,
professional
theatre –Web
analytics
(online
behavior
analysis)•MSI:
Human‐computer
interaction,
 complex
systems
&
network
science•PhD:
Information
science
&
 technology 3
  • Research
Themes•How
technologies
support... –Distributed
collaboration –Open
participation –Communities
of
practice•Contexts –Open
source
software http://www.flickr.com/photos/richardsummers/542738965/ –Scientific
research 4
  • My
Research
(to
date)•Open
source
software
development –Replication
and
extension
of
prior
 research
using
secondary
data•eScience
(&
open
science) –Using
eScience
tools
for
open
 science
FLOSS
research•Citizen
science –Technologies
supporting
public
 participation
in
scientific
research 5
  • Connections Open Source ing Op ar Sh en & Pa ss rti ce cip Distributed Ac at ion en Collaboration Op Open Citizen Scientific WorkScience Science 6
  • Free/Libre
Open
Source
Software•Distributed
software
 development
by
virtual
teams•Replication
&
extension –Communication
network
 dynamics –Estimating
user
interest
and
 adoption
from
software
releases
 and
downloads –Success
and
tragedy
in
FLOSS 7
  • FLOSS
Research
Examples 8
  • eScience
&/or
Open
Science•eScience
!=
Open
science –eScience:
research
collaboration
 that
is
fundamentally
dependent
 on
technology –Open
science:
research
that
is
 publicly
shared
at
all
stages
of
 development•Both
involve
sharing
scientific
 research
artifacts http://www.flickr.com/photos/radiorover/419414206/ 9
  • Open/eScience
Example•myExperiment –Repository
for
research
 workflows
&
artifacts –Social
networking
tools•Challenges –Preserving
relationships
 between
data,
workflows,
 &
researchers –Promoting
participation –Social
barriers
to
sharing 10
  • Citizen
Science•Research
collaborations
 involving
the
public
with
 professional
scientists –Volunteers
contribute
data
 collection
or
reduction •Intelligent
sensor
networks •Human
computation
systems –Diverse
contributors,
 activities,
expertise,
 motivations,
and
goals 11
  • Dissertation
Research
Questions What
is
the
role
of
technology
in
supporting
 public
participation
in
scientific
research?– How
do
virtuality
and
technology
 alter
organizing?
– How
do
virtuality
and
technology
 shape
participation?
– How
do
organizing
and
 participation
processes
influence
 scientific
outcomes?
 12
  • Dissertation
Research
Design•What – Comparative
case
study
of
citizen
 science
projects•How – Field
research
methods
 (participation,
observation,
semi‐ structured
interviews)
and
qualitative
 (grounded
theory)
analysis•Why – Provide
context
for
technology
 design
and
management 13
  • eBird•Collects
bird
abundance
and
distribution
data –Launched
in
2002
by
Cornell
Lab
of
Ornithology
 (with
National
Audubon
Society) –World’s
largest
biodiversity
data
set •2‐3M
observations/month •Currently
>80M
observations –Participation
involves: •Selecting
method,
watching
birds •Entering
observations
online •Data
analysis
as
desired 14
  • Great
Sunflower
Project•Collects
data
on
pollinator
service
(bees!) –Started
in
2008
by
a
single
academic
researcher –Very
successful
in
 volunteer
recruitment •1
year:
55K
registered •2
years:
77K
registered •3
years:
90K
registered –Participation
involves: •Planting
sunflowers,
15‐minute
observation
samples •Online
garden
description
&
data
entry
on
Drupal
site 15
  • Mountain
Watch•Collects
data
on
alpine
air
quality
and
wildflowers –Started
in
2004
by
the
Appalachian
Mountain
Club –Integrates
science
&
education •Hikers
learn
about
wildflower
 life
cycles
and
air
quality •Focuses
on
effects
of
climate
 change
in
alpine
areas –Participation
involves: •Rating
visibility
in
White
Mountains •Reporting
wildflower
life
cycle
stages
along
hiking
trails,
 either
on
paper
or
online 16
  • Next
Steps•Write
&
defend
dissertation•Get
a
job!•Future
research: –Comparison
of
different
 modes
of
participation
in
 citizen
science –Comparison
of
North
American
 projects
to
European
projects –Comparison
of
citizen
science
 to
other
online
communities 17