Open
Source,
 Open
Science,
&
Citizen
Science     Andrea
Wiggins      24
Juin,
2011           1
Où est Syracuse, NY?                       2
My
Background•BA:
Mathematics
with
economics•Nonprofit
&
IT
industry
work –Adult
literacy,
nonprofit
management
  support,
p...
Research
Themes•How
technologies
support... –Distributed
collaboration –Open
participation –Communities
of
practice•Contex...
My
Research
(to
date)•Open
source
software
development –Replication
and
extension
of
prior
  research
using
secondary
data...
Connections                           Open Source                          ing                                       Op   ...
Free/Libre
Open
Source
Software•Distributed
software
 development
by
virtual
teams•Replication
&
extension –Communication
...
FLOSS
Research
Examples                          8
eScience
&/or
Open
Science•eScience
!=
Open
science –eScience:
research
collaboration
  that
is
fundamentally
dependent
  ...
Open/eScience
Example•myExperiment –Repository
for
research
  workflows
&
artifacts –Social
networking
tools•Challenges –Pr...
Citizen
Science•Research
collaborations
 involving
the
public
with
 professional
scientists –Volunteers
contribute
data
  ...
Dissertation
Research
Questions  What
is
the
role
of
technology
in
supporting
   public
participation
in
scientific
researc...
Dissertation
Research
Design•What – Comparative
case
study
of
citizen
   science
projects•How – Field
research
methods
   ...
eBird•Collects
bird
abundance
and
distribution
data –Launched
in
2002
by
Cornell
Lab
of
Ornithology
   (with
National
Audu...
Great
Sunflower
Project•Collects
data
on
pollinator
service
(bees!) –Started
in
2008
by
a
single
academic
researcher –Very
...
Mountain
Watch•Collects
data
on
alpine
air
quality
and
wildflowers –Started
in
2004
by
the
Appalachian
Mountain
Club –Integ...
Next
Steps•Write
&
defend
dissertation•Get
a
job!•Future
research: –Comparison
of
different
  modes
of
participation
in
  c...
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Open Source, Open Science, & Citizen Science

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  • Transcript of "Open Source, Open Science, & Citizen Science"

    1. 1. Open
Source,
 Open
Science,
&
Citizen
Science Andrea
Wiggins 24
Juin,
2011 1
    2. 2. Où est Syracuse, NY? 2
    3. 3. My
Background•BA:
Mathematics
with
economics•Nonprofit
&
IT
industry
work –Adult
literacy,
nonprofit
management
 support,
professional
theatre –Web
analytics
(online
behavior
analysis)•MSI:
Human‐computer
interaction,
 complex
systems
&
network
science•PhD:
Information
science
&
 technology 3
    4. 4. Research
Themes•How
technologies
support... –Distributed
collaboration –Open
participation –Communities
of
practice•Contexts –Open
source
software http://www.flickr.com/photos/richardsummers/542738965/ –Scientific
research 4
    5. 5. My
Research
(to
date)•Open
source
software
development –Replication
and
extension
of
prior
 research
using
secondary
data•eScience
(&
open
science) –Using
eScience
tools
for
open
 science
FLOSS
research•Citizen
science –Technologies
supporting
public
 participation
in
scientific
research 5
    6. 6. Connections Open Source ing Op ar Sh en & Pa ss rti ce cip Distributed Ac at ion en Collaboration Op Open Citizen Scientific WorkScience Science 6
    7. 7. Free/Libre
Open
Source
Software•Distributed
software
 development
by
virtual
teams•Replication
&
extension –Communication
network
 dynamics –Estimating
user
interest
and
 adoption
from
software
releases
 and
downloads –Success
and
tragedy
in
FLOSS 7
    8. 8. FLOSS
Research
Examples 8
    9. 9. eScience
&/or
Open
Science•eScience
!=
Open
science –eScience:
research
collaboration
 that
is
fundamentally
dependent
 on
technology –Open
science:
research
that
is
 publicly
shared
at
all
stages
of
 development•Both
involve
sharing
scientific
 research
artifacts http://www.flickr.com/photos/radiorover/419414206/ 9
    10. 10. Open/eScience
Example•myExperiment –Repository
for
research
 workflows
&
artifacts –Social
networking
tools•Challenges –Preserving
relationships
 between
data,
workflows,
 &
researchers –Promoting
participation –Social
barriers
to
sharing 10
    11. 11. Citizen
Science•Research
collaborations
 involving
the
public
with
 professional
scientists –Volunteers
contribute
data
 collection
or
reduction •Intelligent
sensor
networks •Human
computation
systems –Diverse
contributors,
 activities,
expertise,
 motivations,
and
goals 11
    12. 12. Dissertation
Research
Questions What
is
the
role
of
technology
in
supporting
 public
participation
in
scientific
research?– How
do
virtuality
and
technology
 alter
organizing?
– How
do
virtuality
and
technology
 shape
participation?
– How
do
organizing
and
 participation
processes
influence
 scientific
outcomes?
 12
    13. 13. Dissertation
Research
Design•What – Comparative
case
study
of
citizen
 science
projects•How – Field
research
methods
 (participation,
observation,
semi‐ structured
interviews)
and
qualitative
 (grounded
theory)
analysis•Why – Provide
context
for
technology
 design
and
management 13
    14. 14. eBird•Collects
bird
abundance
and
distribution
data –Launched
in
2002
by
Cornell
Lab
of
Ornithology
 (with
National
Audubon
Society) –World’s
largest
biodiversity
data
set •2‐3M
observations/month •Currently
>80M
observations –Participation
involves: •Selecting
method,
watching
birds •Entering
observations
online •Data
analysis
as
desired 14
    15. 15. Great
Sunflower
Project•Collects
data
on
pollinator
service
(bees!) –Started
in
2008
by
a
single
academic
researcher –Very
successful
in
 volunteer
recruitment •1
year:
55K
registered •2
years:
77K
registered •3
years:
90K
registered –Participation
involves: •Planting
sunflowers,
15‐minute
observation
samples •Online
garden
description
&
data
entry
on
Drupal
site 15
    16. 16. Mountain
Watch•Collects
data
on
alpine
air
quality
and
wildflowers –Started
in
2004
by
the
Appalachian
Mountain
Club –Integrates
science
&
education •Hikers
learn
about
wildflower
 life
cycles
and
air
quality •Focuses
on
effects
of
climate
 change
in
alpine
areas –Participation
involves: •Rating
visibility
in
White
Mountains •Reporting
wildflower
life
cycle
stages
along
hiking
trails,
 either
on
paper
or
online 16
    17. 17. Next
Steps•Write
&
defend
dissertation•Get
a
job!•Future
research: –Comparison
of
different
 modes
of
participation
in
 citizen
science –Comparison
of
North
American
 projects
to
European
projects –Comparison
of
citizen
science
 to
other
online
communities 17
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