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Reformation and Religious Wars Part 2
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Reformation and Religious Wars Part 2

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  • 1. The Reformation and Religious Wars
  • 2. The Peasants’ War The peasants in South Germany took advantage of Luther's religious revolt by rising in arms in 1524 against their feudal lords.
  • 3. Origin of th term ‘Protestant’
    • Six German princes and representatives of the cities of North Germany protested the action of the Second Diet of Spires.
    • Because of this, the foes of Catholicism came to be called Protestants.
  • 4. Spread of the Protestant Movement
    • Ulrich Zwingli, a Catholic priest, led the first attack against Rome in 1523.
    • He preached against the veneration of saints, repudiated the authority of the pope, and proclaimed that the Bible is the only guide for man's salvation.
  • 5. Protestantism in England
    • England's Protestant movement was peculiar where it broke away from the Catholic Church before adopting any Protestant beliefs.
    • The "Thirty-Nine Articles" became the creed of the Anglican Church.
  • 6. The Catholic Reformation
    • The Catholic Reformation or Counter-Reformation was a vigorous movement that arose within the Catholic Church to improve the Catholic faith.
  • 7. The Council of Trent (1545-63)
    • Pope Paul III (1534-49) began the Catholic Reformation by calling the Council of Trent, which made several achievements for the betterment of the Church.