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Taj mahal 2.key Taj mahal 2.key Presentation Transcript

  • Taj MahalOne of the Seven Wonders of the World A Look into the Masterpiece by Graham Bentz
  • It’s name means “Crown of Buildings.”It stands as a symbol of Eternal Love.
  • Shah Jahan Mughal Emperor Under his rule, the empirebecame a very strong militarystate. Nobility increased and life was good for them. e demands on the peasants, however, increased.
  • He was considered distrustful, ruthless, haughty. He was also considered passionate but not about others, about himself and the celebration of his power.He was also very passionate about the arts and architecture.
  • Life inside the Court It was said that the “dailyroutine of the Emperor was But life outside as regular as the clock that the walls of the Taj Mahal was very strikes the hours.” different. e peasants did not live the lavish e court consisted of and elaborate lives as princes, ministers, and the nobility did. e ambassadors. peasant and artisans were heavily taxed. In the early morning, the Emperor ey did much of the appeared on the balcony to show his work and felt much of subjects that he was in good health. the nancial burden due to the lavish en it was off to breakfast followed by lifestyle and rule of attending to affairs of the state. Shah Jahan. Over time, the peasants rebelled A er a midday meal, the Emperor and this dissatisfactionspent time with his family or members eventually contibuted of his harem. to the decline of the Mughal empire.In late a ernoon, he appeared before his subjects once more. is was followed by evening prayers,dinner and time spent with members of his family until he retired for the night.
  • Life inside the Court It was said that the “dailyroutine of the Emperor was But life outside as regular as the clock that the walls of the Taj Mahal was very strikes the hours.” different. e peasants did not live the lavish e court consisted of and elaborate lives as princes, ministers, and the nobility did. e ambassadors. peasant and artisans were heavily taxed. In the early morning, the Emperor ey did much of the appeared on the balcony to show his work and felt much of subjects that he was in good health. the nancial burden due to the lavish en it was off to breakfast followed by lifestyle and rule of attending to affairs of the state. Shah Jahan. Over time, the peasants rebelled A er a midday meal, the Emperor and this dissatisfactionspent time with his family or members eventually contibuted of his harem. to the decline of the Mughal empire.In late a ernoon, he appeared before his subjects once more. is was followed by evening prayers,dinner and time spent with members of his family until he retired for the night.
  • e Taj Mahal was constructed by Mugal Emporor Sha Jahanin memory of his third wife, Mumtaz Mahal.
  • Shah Jahan was especially passionateabout his third wife, Mumtaz Mahal. ey were married in 1612 and had 14 children together. He was deeply saddened upon her death in 1630 a er delivering their 14th child.So saddened that he decided to create an eternal monument of his love for her.
  • e Taj Mahal was built in the city of Agra in India on the banks of the river Yamuna.It is the nest example of Mughal architecture, which combines elements om Persian, Ottoman, Islamic and Indian architectural styles.
  • Construction began in 1631 and ended in 1653. 20,00 workers It took and 1,000 elephants over 22 years to complete the task. *Sculptors from Bukhara* *Calligraphers from Syria and Persia* *Inlayers from southern India* *Stonecutters from Baluchistan*It has been told that those involved the construction of the Taj Mahal received harsh punishments om Shah Jahan. ese punishments included cutting off the hands of workers so that they could never recreate such a masterpiece. (No proof has been found of these accounts.)
  • e architectural design of the Taj Mahal is said to have been created by Ustad Isa and Isa Muhammad Effendi of Persia. e nest materials were used in building this masterpiece. WHITE MARBLE from Rajasthan JADE from China JASPER from Punjab CRYSTAL from China TURQUOISE from Tibet LAPIS LAZULI from Afghanistan SAPPHIRE from Sri Lanka CARNELIAN from ArabiaIn all, twenty-eight types of precious stones were inlaid into the white marble.
  • Five Main Elements of the Taj Complex e main gateway, or Darwazah e garden and its waterways, or Bageecha e mosque, or Maszid e rest house, or Naggar Khana e main tomb building, or Rauza
  • e Great Gateway to the Taj Mahal
  • e main focus of the Taj Mahal is the tomb. Four minarets were placed at each corner. Each minaret is 133 feet high. e dome that tops the tomb is a spectacular feature. It has a height of 115 feet. Passages from the Muslim holy book decorate the outside.To make the dome a ten mile long ramp was made so marble could reach the dome.
  • e main nial was originally made of goldbut was replaced by a copy made of gilded bronze in the 19th century.
  • e Cenotpahs of Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahale actual graves are kept inside while the cenotaphs are placed just above them to be viewed by the general public.
  • is exquisite marble screen surrounds the empty tombs.
  • ere were four re ecting pools surrounding the Taj Mahal.e art work decorating the mausoleum and the large re ecting pool include owers made of agate and jasper and verses from the Koran.
  • It is said the Shah Jahan oversaw all of the magni cent and intricate details of the Taj Mahal. Some of these beautiful details can be seen and admired in the following photos.
  • Interior of the Mosque at the Taj Mahal
  • Plant Motifs
  • Spandrel Detail
  • Incised Painting
  • Arch of Jali
  • Detail of Jali
  • Re ective Tiles
  • e Taj Mahal is a symbol of eternal love. It is unparalleled in beauty and splendor.Shah Jahan described it in these words:
  • Should guilty seek asylum here, Like one pardoned, he becomes ee om sin. Should a sinner make his way to this mansion, All his past sins are to be washed away. e sight of this mansion creates sorrowing sighs;And the sun and the moon shed tears om their eyes. In this world this edi ce has been made; To display thereby the creator’s glory. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taj_Mahal#cite_note-13