Active and passive voice


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Active and passive voice

  1. 1. ACTIVE VOICE• In an active sentence, the subject is doing the action. A straightforward example is the sentence "Steve loves Amy." Steve is the subject, and he is doing the action: he loves Amy, the object of the sentence.• The active voice is the "normal" voice. This is the voice that we use most of the time.• You are probably already familiar with the active voice. In the active voice, the object receives the action of the verb.
  2. 2. TENSE SUBJECT VERB OBJECTSIMPLE PRESENT Charlie writes a letter.SIMPLE PAST Rita bought a shoes. PRESENT They are reading a magazines. PROGRESSIVE PAST Carolina was working in the hospital. PROGRESSIVE PRESENT He has taught Children. PERFECTPAST PERFECT You had drunk a beer.
  3. 3. TENSE SUBJECT VERB OBJECTHILFSVERBEN She can write a book. FUTURE I I will eat a hamburger. FUTURE II We will have do Homeworks.CONDITIONAL I They would read a magazines.CONDITIONAL Carolina would have in the work hospital. IIFUTURE GOING I am going to a house. TO buy
  4. 4. PASSIVE VOICE• Passive voice is used when the focus is on the action. It is not important or not known, however, who or what is performing the action. Example: My bike was stolen.• Subject + finite form of to be + Past Participle (3rd column of irregular verbs).• The passive voice indicates what happened to the object where the object is acted upon by an outside agent, which can be hidden or highlighted depending on the situation.• The passive voice is less usual. In the passive voice, the subject receives the action of the verb.
  5. 5. TENSE SUBJECT VERB OBJECTSIMPLE PRESENT A letter is written by Cristian.SIMPLE PAST A shoes were bought by Claudia. PRESENT A magazines are being read by them.PROGRESSIVE PAST In the hospital was being work by Carolina. PROGRESSIVE PRESENT Children has been taught by him. PERFECTPAST PERFECT A beer had drunk by you.
  6. 6. TENSE SUBJECT VERB OBJECTHILSFVERBEN A book can be written by her. FUTURE I A hamburger. will be eaten by me. will have been FUTURE II Homeworks done by us.CONDITIONAL I A magazines would be read by them.CONDITIONAL In the hospital would have by Carolina. been worked II FUTURE A house is going to be by me. bought GOING TO
  7. 7. THANKS