New subjects, newcommunities, new formatsThe library collection in the digitalworldAngharad RobertsUniversity of Sheffield
This session:• An introduction to the research• New subjects – interdisciplinarity, latent  collections• New communities –...
Are you...?1.   A library and information practitioner2.   An academic3.   A student4.   A vendor5.   Other
The research project „Conceptualising the library collection for the digital world: a case study of social enterprise‟ Col...
Have you heard the term “socialenterprise” before today?1. Yes2. No3. Unsure
What is social enterprise?• An action• A type of organisation
The UK Government‟s definition... “A social enterprise is a business with primarily social objectives whose surpluses are ...
The UK Government‟s definition... “A social enterprise is a business with primarily social objectives whose surpluses are ...
Four types of social enterprise•   Mutuals•   “Trading charities”•   “Public-sector spin-offs”•   “New-start social enterp...
Social enterprise and library collections• New subject, new communities, new formats• Diverse stakeholders• Material in al...
The research so far...
Strand 1: British Library case study
Strand 1: Catalogue searching• Social enterprise• Social entrepreneurship• Community enterprise
Strand 2: Searching OPACs
Strand 3: interviews & survey
New subjects...
Issues in interdisciplinarity• “Insinuating ambiguities” (Bliss, 1952: 102)• Increasing role of interdisciplinarity:  ▫   ...
Issues for libraries• Challenging to organise• Emergent• Political
Dimensions of interdisciplinarity in SE• Social issues• Business issues:  ▫   Management  ▫   Legal issues  ▫   Governance...
From library catalogue searches...•   Agriculture     • Intellectual        •   Publishing•   Architecture      capital   ...
From interviews...• Challenge for librarians to identify important  subjects• Perception of library collections as retrosp...
It‟s difficult to identify emerginginterdisciplinary subjects1.   Strongly agree2.   Agree3.   Neither agree nor disagree4...
Latent collections• Relevance of materials from the 1980s and  1990s to the newer field of social enterprise
British Library catalogue search                   30                   25Number of titles                   20           ...
What do you think is the best wayto exploit latent collections?1.   Collect together physically2.   Add new descriptions f...
New communities...
Networks – from interviews...• Importance of volunteer knowledge in  determining a social enterprise‟s priorities• Persona...
Online communities• Time demands of social networking• Social networking sites as sources of research  data
British Library
Where are your user communities?1. Mostly located in the local area2. A mixture of those in the local area and   geographi...
New formats...
New formats... Old issues?
OPAC search results• Pamphlets, old newspaper cuttings• 148 unique items available online• Differences between academic an...
Formats in social enterprise•   Blogs, social networks, mail lists, YouTube•   A greyer shade of grey?•   Data•   Social e...
PreservationPerilous state of freely available web based greyliteratureCreative Commons image by OZinOH from: http://www.f...
Format and the collection• Interviewees nuanced and inclusive definitions  of collection• Not a term associated with just ...
What do you think is the best approachfor libraries to take to freely availableweb based materials?1. Link from catalogue2...
Which of the following definitions doyou think best describes the term“collection”?1.   A thing2.   Access3.   A process4....
Final thoughts• Libraries as social enterprises?Allen (2001)
Final thoughts• Libraries as social enterprises?Griffiths (2010)
Social enterprise models should beused to deliver library services1.   Strongly agree2.   Agree3.   Neither agree nor disa...
ReferencesAllen, G. (2001). "Can you trust this model?". Library Association   Record, 103 (12), 754-755.Bliss, H.E. (1952...
Thank you!Any questions?angharad.roberts@sheffield.ac.ukhttp://digitalworldcollections.blogspot.com
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New subjects, new communities, new formats: The library collection in the digital world

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This presentation was delivered as part of a lively lunch session at the Charleston Conference 2011. It describes a current research project exploring the concept of the library collection with particular reference to social enterprise. It examines the challenges of identifying emerging interdisciplinary subjects and building library collections to support these. It considers the impact of new types of communities (online and geographically distributed) on collection processes, as well as the significance of new formats and community-generated content. The session included questions for the audience and opportunities for discussion of some of the broader issues raised. In this version of the presentation, interview quotations have been paraphrased.

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New subjects, new communities, new formats: The library collection in the digital world

  1. 1. New subjects, newcommunities, new formatsThe library collection in the digitalworldAngharad RobertsUniversity of Sheffield
  2. 2. This session:• An introduction to the research• New subjects – interdisciplinarity, latent collections• New communities – online, networks• New formats – web 2.0, community generated• Final thoughts – social enterprise and libraries?
  3. 3. Are you...?1. A library and information practitioner2. An academic3. A student4. A vendor5. Other
  4. 4. The research project „Conceptualising the library collection for the digital world: a case study of social enterprise‟ Collaborative British Library PhD
  5. 5. Have you heard the term “socialenterprise” before today?1. Yes2. No3. Unsure
  6. 6. What is social enterprise?• An action• A type of organisation
  7. 7. The UK Government‟s definition... “A social enterprise is a business with primarily social objectives whose surpluses are principally reinvested for that purpose in the business or in the community, rather than being driven by the need to maximise profit for shareholders and owners.”(Department of Trade and Industry, 2002: 7)
  8. 8. The UK Government‟s definition... “A social enterprise is a business with primarily social objectives whose surpluses are principally reinvested for that purpose in the business or in the community, rather than being driven by the need to maximise profit for shareholders and owners.”(Department of Trade and Industry, 2002: 7)
  9. 9. Four types of social enterprise• Mutuals• “Trading charities”• “Public-sector spin-offs”• “New-start social enterprises”From Spear et al (2009)
  10. 10. Social enterprise and library collections• New subject, new communities, new formats• Diverse stakeholders• Material in all library sectors
  11. 11. The research so far...
  12. 12. Strand 1: British Library case study
  13. 13. Strand 1: Catalogue searching• Social enterprise• Social entrepreneurship• Community enterprise
  14. 14. Strand 2: Searching OPACs
  15. 15. Strand 3: interviews & survey
  16. 16. New subjects...
  17. 17. Issues in interdisciplinarity• “Insinuating ambiguities” (Bliss, 1952: 102)• Increasing role of interdisciplinarity: ▫ Reflects real relationships between subjects ▫ Problem-centred ▫ Participation by non-researchers ▫ Encouraged by funders ▫ Facilitated by cross-disciplinary access to information
  18. 18. Issues for libraries• Challenging to organise• Emergent• Political
  19. 19. Dimensions of interdisciplinarity in SE• Social issues• Business issues: ▫ Management ▫ Legal issues ▫ Governance ▫ Finance ▫ Not for profit ▫ Charities ▫ Co-operatives
  20. 20. From library catalogue searches...• Agriculture • Intellectual • Publishing• Architecture capital • Religion• Banking • Journalism • Research• Confectionery • Leisure • Science• Construction • Lifelong learning • Sculpture• Engineering • Music • Sport• Environment • Nursing • Sustainability• Fair trade • Philanthropy • Tourism• Globalisation • Property• Health development
  21. 21. From interviews...• Challenge for librarians to identify important subjects• Perception of library collections as retrospective and reactive
  22. 22. It‟s difficult to identify emerginginterdisciplinary subjects1. Strongly agree2. Agree3. Neither agree nor disagree4. Disagree5. Strongly disagree
  23. 23. Latent collections• Relevance of materials from the 1980s and 1990s to the newer field of social enterprise
  24. 24. British Library catalogue search 30 25Number of titles 20 Social enterprise 15 Community 10 enterprise Social entrepreneur 5 0 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 Date of publication
  25. 25. What do you think is the best wayto exploit latent collections?1. Collect together physically2. Add new descriptions for retrieval3. Collect together virtually4. Improve search tools5. Share user recommendations and tags
  26. 26. New communities...
  27. 27. Networks – from interviews...• Importance of volunteer knowledge in determining a social enterprise‟s priorities• Personal networks of people working in social enterprises as sources of information – preferable to printed materials
  28. 28. Online communities• Time demands of social networking• Social networking sites as sources of research data
  29. 29. British Library
  30. 30. Where are your user communities?1. Mostly located in the local area2. A mixture of those in the local area and geographically distributed, remote users3. Mostly geographically distributed, remote users
  31. 31. New formats...
  32. 32. New formats... Old issues?
  33. 33. OPAC search results• Pamphlets, old newspaper cuttings• 148 unique items available online• Differences between academic and public libraries
  34. 34. Formats in social enterprise• Blogs, social networks, mail lists, YouTube• A greyer shade of grey?• Data• Social enterprises as content generators
  35. 35. PreservationPerilous state of freely available web based greyliteratureCreative Commons image by OZinOH from: http://www.flickr.com/photos/75905404@N00/3576061204/
  36. 36. Format and the collection• Interviewees nuanced and inclusive definitions of collection• Not a term associated with just one format
  37. 37. What do you think is the best approachfor libraries to take to freely availableweb based materials?1. Link from catalogue2. Link from somewhere else (e.g. subject guides)3. Conduct permissions-based archiving in e.g. repositories4. Exclude – focus on purchased and subscription content
  38. 38. Which of the following definitions doyou think best describes the term“collection”?1. A thing2. Access3. A process4. Library jargon5. A group of sub-groups
  39. 39. Final thoughts• Libraries as social enterprises?Allen (2001)
  40. 40. Final thoughts• Libraries as social enterprises?Griffiths (2010)
  41. 41. Social enterprise models should beused to deliver library services1. Strongly agree2. Agree3. Neither agree nor disagree4. Disagree5. Strongly disagree
  42. 42. ReferencesAllen, G. (2001). "Can you trust this model?". Library Association Record, 103 (12), 754-755.Bliss, H.E. (1952). A Bibliographic Classification. 2nd ed. New York: H.W. Wilson.Department of Trade and Industry (2002). Social Enterprise: A Strategy for Success [Online]. London: Department of Trade and Industry. http://tna.europarchive.org/20030731072601/http://www.lowpay.gov. uk:80/socialenterprise/documenta.pdf [Accessed 19 October 2010].Griffiths, C. (2010). "A Private View". Public Library Journal, 25 (1), 9- 10.Spear, R., Cornforth, C. & Aiken, M. (2009). "The governance challenges of social enterprises: evidence from a UK empirical study". Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics, 80 (2), 247- 273.
  43. 43. Thank you!Any questions?angharad.roberts@sheffield.ac.ukhttp://digitalworldcollections.blogspot.com

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