- A term applied to the many forms in which human beings have given rhythmic expression to their most imaginative and intense perceptions of the world, themselves, and the relation of the two. English 7 – SY: 2011-2012
- Deals with emotions as they are aroused by some scene, experience, attachment; often rich in sentiment and passion; imaginative. English 7 – SY: 2011-2012
- The language of the imagination, almost entirely figurative, and also a musical literary language. English 7 – SY: 2011-2012
Forms: Couplet - Two lines of verse with similar end-rhymes.
- A two-line stanza with both grammatical structure and idea complete within itself. Sample: More relative than this. The play’s the thing Wherein I’ll catch the conscience of the King.
Tercet - A triplet in which each line ends with the same rhyme.
Sample: When as in silks my Julia goes, Then, then, methinks, how sweetly flows The liquefaction of her clothes.
- A nondramatic poem that tells a story or presents a narrative, whether simple or complex, long or short. Epics, ballads, Metrical romances are among the many kinds of narrative poems. English 7 – SY: 2011-2012
A series of events or facts told or presented based on the metric system as a standard of measurement.
- Tendencies of romanticism in its freedom of technique and its preference for remote settings as well as its essential qualities. English 7 – SY: 2011-2012
Sample text: Edmund and Helen Come, sit thee by me, love, and thou shalt hearA tale may win a smile and claim a tear-A plan and simple story, told in rhyme,As sang the minstrels of the olden time.No idle Muse I'll needlessly invoke-No patron's aid to steer me from the rockOf cold neglect round which oblivion lies;But loved one, I will look into thine eyes,From which young poesy first touched my soul, English 7 – SY: 2011-2012
And bade the burning words in numbers roll;--They were the light in which I learned to sing;And still to thee will kindling fancy cling-Glow at thy smile, as when, in younger years,I've seen thee smiling through thy maiden tears,Like a fair floweret bent with morning dew;While sunbeams kissed its leaves of loveliest hue. English 7 – SY: 2011-2012
Tragic situations are presented with the utmost simplicity.
English 7 – SY: 2011-2012
The Mermaidby Author Unknown 'Twas Friday morn when we set sail, And we had not got far from land, When the Captain, he spied a lovely mermaid, With a comb and a glass in her hand. English 7 – SY: 2011-2012
Chorus Oh the ocean waves may roll, And the stormy winds may blow, While we poor sailors go skipping aloft And the land lubbers lay down below, below, below And the land lubbers lay down below. English 7 – SY: 2011-2012
Then up spoke the Captain of our gallant ship, And a jolly old Captain was he; "I have a wife in Salem town, But tonight a widow she will be." English 7 – SY: 2011-2012
- A brief subjective poem strongly marked by imagination, melody, and emotion, and creating a single, unified impression. - (GREEK) Expression of the emotion of a single singer accompanied by a lyre. English 7 – SY: 2011-2012
- “Choric” – verses that were the expression of a group and were sung by a chorus. - Individual and personal emotion of the poet still holds. - Most broadly inclusive of all the various types of verse. English 7 – SY: 2011-2012
Ode: - A single, unified strain of exalted lyrical verse, directed to a single purpose, and dealing with one theme. - Connotes certain qualities of both manner and form. English 7 – SY: 2011-2012
- An elaborate lyric, expressed in language dignified, sincere, and imaginative and intellectual in tone. - No definite pattern. - Each is distinguished by its subject matter. English 7 – SY: 2011-2012
- The elegy dwells on death and the sorrow that comes with the contemplation of loss. - Addresses an object in lofty terms. - More complicated than most of the lyric types. English 7 – SY: 2011-2012
Fly me to your heavenly garden of peace With your pure and perfect pallid wings Carry me to my fairest hopes and dreams And put my feet up on your red rose’s bed. English 7 – SY: 2011-2012
Bless my mornings with your comforting touch And feed me with your sweetest smiles I’ll drink your tears to heal my pains And live with you forevermore. English 7 – SY: 2011-2012
Guide me to my future successes With your eyes so angelic and divine Sing your most romantic melodies Erase my worries and perplexities. English 7 – SY: 2011-2012
O my dearly beloved angel of heavens Your smell I breathe awakens me Embrace me with your warmest arms Forever I will live with thee. English 7 – SY: 2011-2012
Song: - A lyric poem adapted to musical expression. - Usually short, simple, sensuous, emotional – the most spontaneous lyric form. English 7 – SY: 2011-2012
Sample Text: I HAVE BECOME LIGHTER I have become lighter than a basket of beaten cotton in the presence of so many relatives all heavily adorned with double necklaces of gold and precious beads; English 7 – SY: 2011-2012
heavy earrings of gold hung like leaves upon their ears; but I sit in their midst with a necklace of lasa seeds interspersed with the humble seed of the tugitugi English 7 – SY: 2011-2012
and cheap green beads of glass, adorned with a cross made of squash shell because I know not how to tie properly a string around my neck, which is the proper and decorous thing for a young woman English 7 – SY: 2011-2012
Sources: Holman, Hugh, et al.:A Handbook to Literature.C.Macmillan Publishing Company.1986 Tomeldan, Yolanda V., Prism: An Introduction to Literature. National Bookstore.1986 Senatin, Ruby B.,Centenera, Fe G.:Introduction to Literature English 104 (Textbook-Workbook).National Bookstore.2003 Eugenio,DamianaL.Philippine Folk Literature: an Anthology. English 7 – SY: 2011-2012
Prepared by: Ms. Mingel P. Rico English 7 – Don Bosco School (Salesian Sisters), Inc. - Manila English 7 – SY: 2011-2012