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  • 1. INTRODUCTION TO PSYCHOLOGY
  • 2. PSYCHOLOGY
    SYSTEMATIC STUDY OF HUMAN BEHAVIOR AND MENTAL PROCESSES
  • 3. SYSTEMATIC STUDY
    INVOLVES SCIENTIFIC PROCEDURES SUCH AS:
    DEFINE THE PROBLEM
    FORMULATE HYPOTHESIS
    PLAN AND DESIGN THE METHOD
    IMPLEMENT THE METHOD
  • 4. GATHERING OF DATA
    • ANALYSIS OF THE DATA
    GATHERED
    • MAKING OF A CONCLUSION
    • 5. PUBLISH THE RESULTS OF THE STUDY
  • HUMAN BEHAVIORS
    REFERS TO THE OVERT AND COVERT BEHAVIORS
    OVERT BEHAVIORS – BEHAVIORS THAT CAN BE SEEN AND OBSERVABLE.
    COVERT – BEHAVIORS THAT ARE HIDDEN
  • 6. MENTAL PROCESSES
    THINKING
    ANALYSIS
    COMPREHENSION
    DAYDREAMING
    DREAMS
  • 7. GOALS OF PSYCHOLOGY
    DESCRIBE-tell what occurred
    EXPLAIN-tells the whyPREDICT-under what conditions is the behaviour/event likely to occur
    CONTROL-
    how is the principle applied or what change in condition is necessary to prevent unwanted occurrence or to bring about a desired outcome
  • 8. DESCRIBE
    DESCRIBE THE DIFFERENT WAYS THAT
    ORGANISMS BEHAVE.
  • 9. EXPLAIN
    EXPLAIN HOW ORGANISMS
    BEHAVE IN CERTAIN
    SITUATIONS.
  • 10. PREDICT
    PREDICT WHY ORGANISMS BEHAVE
    IN CERTAIN SITUATION
  • 11. CONTROL
    CONTROL UNDESIRABLE BEHAVIORS
  • 12. SPOTLIGHT EFFECT
    FAMILIAR FEELING THAT THE WHOLE WORLD IS WATCHING YOU.
  • 13. DR. KENNETH SAVITSKY
    PROFESSOR OF PSYCHOLOGY IN ONE OF THE UNIVERSITIES IN UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.
  • 14. FIVE PIONEERING SCHOOLS OF PSYCHOLOGY
    STRUCTURALISM
    THE STUDY OF THE MOST BASIC
    ELEMENTS, PRIMARILY SENSATIONS
    AND PERCEPTIONS THAT MAKE UP
    OUR CONSCIOUS MENTAL EXPERIENCES.
  • 15. WILHELM WUNDT
    THE FATHER OF PSYCHOLOGY
  • 16. INTROSPECTION
    GREATEST CONTRIBUTION OF WUNDT. THIS IS A METHOD WHICH ASKS A PERSON TO VERBALIZE HIS THOUGHTS AND FEELINGS WITHOUT ANY CENSORSHIP.
  • 17. ACTIVITY
    FOR 5 MINUTES. WRITE DOWN ALL THE THINGS THAT GO THROUGH YOUR MIND NOW. REMEMBER THAT YOU ARE NOT SUPPOSED TO CENSOR ANYTHING. THEN, ANALYZE WHAT YOU HAVE WRITTEN
  • 18. WILLIAM JAMES
    HE VIEWED MENTAL ACTIVITIES AS HAVING DEVELOPED THROUGH AGES OF EVOLUTION BECAUSE OF THEIR ADAPTIVE FUNCTIONS SUCH AS HELPING HUMANS SURVIVE.
  • 19. 2. FUNCTIONALISM
    STUDY OF THE FUNCTION RATHER THAN THE STRUCTURE OF CONSCIOUSNESS, WAS INTERESTED IN HOW MINDS ADAPT TO OUR CHANGING ENVIRONMENT.
  • 20. 3. GESTALT APPROACH
    EMPHASIZES THAT PERCEPTION IS MORE THAN THE SUM OF ITS PARTS AND STUDIED HOW SENATIONS ARE ASSEMBLED INTO MEANINGFUL PERCEPTUAL EXPERIENCES.
  • 21. 1.MAX WERTHEIMER
    2. WOLFGANG KOHLER
  • 22. 3. KURT KOFFKA
  • 23. For example, a set of dots outlining the shape of a star is likely to be perceived as a star, not as a set of dots.  We tend to complete the figure, make it the way it “should” be, finish it.  Like we somehow manage to see this as a "B"...
  • 24. 4. BEHAVIORISM
    EMPHASIZED THE OBJECTIVE, SCIENTIFIC ANALYSIS OF OBSERVABLE BEHAVIORS.
  • 25. “GIVE ME A DOZEN HEALTHY INFANTS, WELL-FORMED AND MY OWN SPECIAL WORLD TO BRING THEM UP IN AND I’LL GUARANTEE TO TAKE ONE AT RANDOM AND TRAIN HIMTO BECOME ANY TYPE OF SPECIALIST I MIGHT SELECT-DOCTOR, LAWYER, ARTIST, CRIMINAL….”.
  • 26. JOHN B. WATSON
  • 27. 5. PSYCHOANALYSIS
    BASED ON THE BELIEF THAT CHILDHOOD EXPERIENCES GREATLY INFLUENCE THE DEVELOPMENT OF LATTER PERSONALITY TRAITS AND PSYCHOLOGICAL PROBLEMS.
  • 28. SIGMUND FREUD
  • 29. REFER TO “SPOTLIGHT EFFECT” AND LIST POSSIBLE BEHAVIORS EXHIBITED BY SOMEBODY WHO SUDDENLY TRIPS ON A CHAIR WHILE HE/SHE IS
    INSIDE THE CANTEEN. LIST AT LEAST 5.
    2. CONTRAST THIS METHOD WITH THE “INTROSPECTION EXERCISE” WHICH OF THE TWO IS EASIER TO ACCOMPLISH? WHY?
  • 30. Angeliqueart2001@yahoo.co.uk