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4. Anxiety Anxiety tends to influence learning. Some of us are generally anxious than others. High anxiety may mean that the student cannot keep his mind on his studies. In any case, there are strong relationship between anxiety levels and such measures of learning.
2. Motivation is necessary for reinforcement, which is an essential condition for learning. A single response should be reinforced in order to increase its strength, like reward, which allows for response to be repeated and valued.
Conditioned Response (CS) – This response, salivation of the dog, is elicited by the the conditioned stimulus. This stimulus is similar to but not identical in size or amount with the unconditioned stimulus.
2. YOUNG CANCER PATIENTS WHO ARE GIVEN ICE CREAM BEFORE THE CHEMO THERAPHY SESSION. THE ICE CREAM BECOMES CONDITIONED TO THE CHEMO EXPERIENCE. NOW, THE PATIENT WILL BE LESS LIKELY TO EAT ICE CREAM EVEN OUTSIDE CHEMO THERAPY SESSION.
His most famous experiment is the use of dogs to demonstrate classical conditioning. The dogs he used showed a salivation response when they where offered food (unconditional stimulus). The food was offered a number of time with the sound of a buzzer (conditional stimulus). After this, the sound of the buzzer alone could produce the salivation response.
B. Operant Conditioning – Operant conditioning is also called “ Instrumental conditioning .” It is a kind of learning , in which an animal or human performs some behavior, and the following consequences, increase or decrease the chances that they will repeat to perform the same behavior or response. And this response is called Operant Response.
1 . The law of Effect – This states that if the responses are rewarded and the reward is satisfying or pleasant, the connection or behavior is strengthened. If the effect is unpleasant or annoying, the connection is weakened.
2.The Law of readiNESS – It stresses need motivation of learners through building up of the proper background and fostering the proper mindset. This includes the understanding that learning follows a maturation level. It says that an appropriate learning activity depends on the capacity of the learner.
3. The Law of Exercise – This states that more connections are exercised, the stronger the connections become. When a connection or behavior has not been practiced or repeated, its strength decreases. As the saying goes, “Practice makes perfect.”