Functions of socialization mansuetoPresentation Transcript
“ Functions of Socialization”
through the process of socialization, the group transmits its values, customs and beliefs from one generation to another.
it is a means of social control by which members are encouraged to conform to the ways of the group by internalizing the group's norms and values
It enables the individual to grow and develop into a socially functioning person.
Agents of socialization -is any person or institution that shapes a person’s values and behavior.
-it is from parents and family that children first learn values and behaviors
Peer groups- refers to groups whose members are more or less of the same sex, age and rank.
Media- it has been observe that children spend more time watching television that they do in school or in direct communication with their parents.
Positive effects of viewing television
Watching programs that emphasize sharing, cooperation, and self-discipline encourages types of social behavior in children.
Television can also portray good health attitudes such as not smoking.
Major source of stimulation and instruction especially for children who live in impoverished environments.
Widely used in many schools as an electronic teaching device.
Source of entertainment
Negative effects of viewing television
Excessive violence in television leads to aggression and violent behavior among and teenagers.
A strong relationship exist between early viewing of television violence and aggressive behavior of elementary school pupil
Heavy viewing of television in the pre-school years puts a child at risk for problem behavior on the part of elementary school pupils
Television tends to promote sex role stereotypes
Television promotes spectatorship (viewing instead of doing)
School- an institution that is established explicitly for the purpose of socializing people
Workplace- when people start a new job they may go through formal socialization program or an “on-the-job” training. They get informal socialization through their organization’s values outlook, as well as written and unwritten codes.
Socialization: for Sex Roles
Sex -refers to general classification of human beings as males and females based on the differences of their primary sex organs an their anatomical biological characteristics
Gender- connotes the physical, social and cultural differences between males an females.
gender identity-refers to the conception the we have of ourselves as men and women. It constitutes our inner experience and sense of our selves as being males or females as a result of socialization.
Gender training- or socialization for sex roles begins at birth. It starts in the family and reinforced by the schools, by the media and by other social settings. The traditional of bearing children and housekeeping is assigned to females, while the role of being productive and providing for the needs of the group is assigned to males.
Weak, soft, fine-featured, delicate, modest and fragile.
Women are expected to be feminine, seductive, beautiful, educated, as well as to be a companion to her husband, mother to her children, and home-based. (Jocano, 1998)
Strong., firm, large-features, well-coordinated and hard.
Male is expected to be macho, virile, courageous, decision maker, and adventurous. (Jocano, 1998)