through the process of socialization, the
group transmits its values, customs and
beliefs from one generation to another.
it is a means of social control by which
members are encouraged to conform to the
ways of the group by internalizing the
group's norms and values
It enables the individual to grow and
develop into a socially functioning person.
Agents of socialization
-is any person or institution that shapes a
person’s values and behavior.
-it is from parents and family
that children first learn
values and behaviors
refers to groups
more or less of
the same sex,
age and rank.
Media- it has been observe that
children spend more time watching
television that they do in school or
in direct communication with their
Positive effects of viewing
Watching programs that emphasize
sharing, cooperation, and self-
discipline encourages types of social
behavior in children.
Television can also portray good
health attitudes such as not smoking.
Major source of stimulation and
instruction especially for children who
live in impoverished environments.
Widely used in many schools as an
electronic teaching device.
Negative effects of viewing
Excessive violence in television leads
to aggression and violent behavior
among and teenagers.
A strong relationship exist between early
viewing of television violence and aggressive
behavior of elementary school pupil
Heavy viewing of television in the pre-school
years puts a child at risk for problem behavior
on the part of elementary school pupils
Television tends to promote
sex role stereotypes
spectatorship (viewing instead
School- an institution that is
established explicitly for the purpose
of socializing people
people start a new job
they may go through
program or an “on-the-
job” training. They get
outlook, as well as
written and unwritten
Sex-refers to general classification
of human beings as males and
females based on the differences of
their primary sex organs an their
Gender- connotes the physical,
social and cultural differences
between males an females.
gender identity-refers to the conception the
we have of ourselves as men and women. It
constitutes our inner experience and sense
of our selves as being males or females as a
result of socialization.
Gender training- or socialization for
sex roles begins at birth. It starts in the
family and reinforced by the schools,
by the media and by other social
settings. The traditional of bearing
children and housekeeping is assigned
to females, while the role of being
productive and providing for the needs
of the group is assigned to males.