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Emotions! report

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  • 1. EMOTIONS Vao day nghe bai nay di ban http://nhattruongquang.0catch.com
  • 2.  
  • 3. ACTIVITY: WATCH A SHORT VIDEO OF A LADY WHO IS DEAF AND DUMB YET TALENTED
  • 4.
    • EXPLAIN THE STATEMENT
    • THAT YOU GOT ABOUT
    • EMOTION AND RELATE IT
    • TO THE VIDEO YOU JUST
    • WATCHED. WHAT INSTANCE
    • AND EVENT IN THE VIDEO
    • THAT AFFIRMS WITH THE
    • STATEMENT YOU RECEIVED.
  • 5.
    • Emotion may be defined as the stirred-up reaction of the entire organism involving physiological, neural and glandular changes.
  • 6.
    • Emotion may be defined as the stirred-up reaction of the entire organism involving physiological, neural and glandular changes.
  • 7. The Four Components of EMOTION 1. Interpret or Appraise some stimulus - in terms of your well-being. 2. Subjective feeling - such as fear or happiness.
  • 8. 3. Physiological responses - such as changes in heart rate or breathing. 4. Observable behaviors - such as smiling or crying.
  • 9. Functions of Emotions :
    • Emotions motivate learning
    • Emotions make life colorful
    • Emotions give motives to our lives
    • Emotions release tension and energy
  • 10.
    • Emotions achieve signification
    • Emotions inspire individuals to heights of glory
    • Emotions accentuate the character traits of an individual
  • 11.
    • Emotions determine the direction that the behavior will take
    • Emotions affect many bodily processes
  • 12. Peripheral Theories
    • These theories emphasize that physiological changes give rise to emotional feelings.
  • 13. James-Lange Theory
      • “ Our brains interpret specific
      • physiological changes as
      • feelings emotions and that
      • there is a different
      • Physiological pattern underlying
      • each emotion.”
  • 14.
    • 1. Physiological Changes- The stimulus affects
    • an area of the brain called hypothalamus, which controls the nervous system.
  • 15.
    • 2. Interpretation of Changes- Your brain analyzes each pattern of physiological responses and interprets each pattern as a different emotions.
  • 16.
    • 3 . Emotional Feelings- The brain will interpret specific emotions based on the experienced specific patterns of physiological responses.
  • 17.
    • “ WE ARE AFRAID BECAUSE WE RUN”;
    • WE ARE ANGRY BECAUSE WE STRIKE”
    • “ WE BECOME NERVOUS BECAUSE WE START SHAKING”
  • 18. Facial Feedback Theory
    • “ The sensations or feedback from the movement of your muscles and skin are interpreted by your brain as different emotions.”
  • 19. The Theory of Facial Feedback
    • 1. Physiological Changes-
    • The stimulus results in a number of physical responses.
  • 20. The Theory of Facial Feedback
    • 2. Interpretation of Changes- Different movements of muscles and cause different facial expression whose feedback is sent to your brain.
  • 21. The Theory of Facial Feedback
    • 3. Emotional Feeling- Feedback from your various facial muscles in feeling different emotions.
  • 22.
    • THIS THEORY IMPLIES THAT IF YOU MAKE YOURSELF SMILE AND HOLD THE SMILE FOR SEVERAL SECONDS, YOU WILL BEGIN TO FEEL HAPPIER; IF YOU SCOWL, YOU WILL FEEL TENSE AND ANGRY.
  • 23. Cognitive Appraisal Theories
    • These theories say that interpretation or appraisal of a situation, object, or event can contribute to, or result in, experiencing different emotional states.
  • 24. Schachter-Singer Theory
    • Physiological Arousal-
    • First, Schachter and singer injected some of their subjects with a hormone, epinephrine, that caused physiological arousal, such as increased heart rate and blood pressure.
  • 25.
    • HOWEVER, SUBJECTS WERE TOLD THAT THE INJECTIONS WERE VITAMINS AND WERE NOT TOLD THAT THEY WOULD EXPERIENCE PHYSIOLOGICAL AROUSAL
  • 26.
    • Second, after injections, subjects were placed in different situations- a happy one or an angry one.
  • 27.
    • THOSE SUBJECTS IN THE HAPPY SITUATIONS OFTER REPORTED FEELING HAPPY..THEY WERE SMILING.
    • THOSE IN THE ANGRY SITUATION OFTEN REPORTED FEELING ANGRY.
  • 28.
    • EX:
    • IF WE ARE IN A CAR THAT STARTS TO ROLL DOWN A STEEP INCLINE, WE EXPERIENCE FEAR, IF NOT TERROR; BUT IF WE KNOW THE CAR IS PART OF A ROLLER COASTER, THE FEAR IS USUALLY MUCH LESS
    • 2. IF WE ARE TOLD BY SOMEONE THAT HE OR SHE CANNOT STAND THE SIGHT OF US, WE MAY FEEL VERYANGRY OR HURT IF A PERSON IS A FRIEND, BUT FEEL BARELY PERTURBED IF THE PERSON IS A MENTAL PATIENT WHOM WE HAVE NEVER MET BEFORE.
  • 29. EX: “ I FELT ANGRY BECAUSE SHE WAS UNFAIR” I FELT FRIGHTENED BECAUSE I WAS ABANDONED” (UNFAIRNESS AND ABANDONEDMENT ARE CLEARLY BELIEFS THAT RESULT FROM A COGNITIVE PROCESS)
  • 30. IN THESE CASES AND COUNTLESS OTHERS, OUR COGNITIVE APPRAISAL OF THE SITUATION DETERMINES THE INTENSITY OF OUR EMOTIONAL EXPERIENCE.
  • 31. WHICH IS WHICH? FEELING OR THINKING?
  • 32.
    • CONTROL OF EMOTION:
    • IT CALLS FOR
    • AWARENESS OF REALITY.
    • 2. IT MAY INVOLVE A
    • CHOICE OF ALTERNATIVES
    • THAT MAY ALTOGETHER BE
    • SATISFACTORY .
  • 33. 3. IT MAY INVOLVE A GENERAL AWARENESS OF TYPES OF EMOTIONAL PROBLEMS ONE HAS TO ENCOUNTER AND WHAT EMOTIONAL REACTIONS HE IS EXPECTED TO GIVE IN MEETING PROBLEMS.
  • 34. 4. IT DEALS WITH THE DETERMINATION TO OVERCOME BAD EMOTIONAL HABITS.
  • 35. DIMENSIONS OF EMOTION: WHEN A DESIRED EVENT OCCURS, WE EXPERIENCE JOY; WHEN A DESIRED EVENT DOES NOT OCCUR, WE EXPERIENCE SORROW; WHEN AN UNDESIRED EVENT OCCURS, WE EXPERIENCE DISTRESS; AND WHEN AN UNDESIRED EVENT DOES NOT OCCUR, WE EXPERIENCE RELIEF. TO ILLUSTRATE: SUPPOSE A YOUNG WOMAN MARRIES AN ATTRACTIVE YOUNG MAN WHO IS KNOWN TO HAVE A DRINKING PROBLEM; SHE MAY FEEL MAINLY JOY ( SHE “GOT” SOMEONE SHE CONSIDERS DESIRABLE), HER RIVAL SORROW ( SHE DIDN’T GET SOMEONE SHE CONSIDERS DESIRABLE), HER PARENTS DISTRESS (THEY GOT SOMEONE THEY CONSIDER UNDESIRABLE) AND HIS PARENTS RELIEF (THEY GOT RID OF AN UNDESIRABLE SITUATION).
  • 36. PRIMARY EMOTIONS AND THEIR CAUSES EMOTION SITUATION GRIEF (SORROW) FEAR ANGER JOY TRUST DISGUST ANTICIPATION SURPRISE LOSS OF LOVED ONE THREAT OBSTACLE POTENTIAL MATE GROUP MEMBER GRUESOME OBJECT NEW TERRITORY SUDDEN NOVEL OBJECTS
  • 37. PRIMARY SITUATION ASPECTS AND THEIR CONSEQUENCES SITUATION EMOTION DESIRABLE AND OCCURS DESIRABLE AND DOESM’T OCCUR UNDESIRABLE AND OCCURS UNDESIRABLE AND DOESN’T OCCUR JOY SORROW DISTRESS RELIEF
  • 38. HOW TO HANDLE YOUR EMOTIONS •  Be honest with yourself. •   Talk to somebody about your feelings. •  Don't ignore your emotions, they are telling you something.
  • 39. •    If you are having an unpleasant feeling, think of something you can do that will help, and then do it.   If you are having an unpleasant feeling, think of something you can do that will help, and then do it. •  
  • 40. •    If you are having an unpleasant feeling, think of something you can do that will help, and then do it.
  • 41. Find positive ways to express anger that are not hurtful to others.
  • 42. Remember, whatever you are feeling, you're not alone.
  • 43. Try not to get overwhelmed, things usually improve.
  • 44. If you do get Overwhelmed ask for help.  
  • 45. THE END
  • 46.
    • RECALL ONE EXPERIENCE THAT YOU FEEL SO HAPPY .
    • WHAT IS THE CAUSE AND THE EFFECT OF THAT EMOTION? DESCRIBE YOUR
    • PHYSIOLOGICAL REACTIONS
    • AND EVERYTHING THAT YOU
    • HAD DONE.
    • 2. (SADDEST MOMENT)
  • 47.
    • DIFFERENTIATE PERIPHERAL THEORY OF EMOTION FROM THE COGNITIVE THEORY OF EMOTION?
    • 2. WHAT IS YOUR ULTIMATE HAPPINESS AND WHY?
    • 3. EXPLAIN ONE FUNCTION OF EMOTION BRIEFLY.
    Vao day nghe bai nay di ban http://nhattruongquang.0catch.com