Deviant Behavior Sumugat

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Deviant Behavior Sumugat

  1. 1. CHAPTER 8 DEVIANT BEHAVIOR
  2. 2. Nature and Meaning of Deviant Behavior <ul><li>The members of the society, at a particular time and place, create and impose rules, regulations, values, norms and laws and other forms of social control to maintain peace and order, to promote harmonious relations, and to preserve the stability of the existing social order. </li></ul><ul><li>As pointed out by sociologists, deviance is any behavior that the members of a social group define as violating the established social norms. In other words, there must be a social audience that will determine whether a behavior is deviant or not. </li></ul><ul><li>There ar varied perceptions of and/ or reactions to deviant behavior. Deviant behavior may be tolerated, approved or disapproved. For instance; homosexuality is tolerated in contemporary times; creativity, inventiveness, heroism and martyrdom are approved and highly valued, while criminality and incest and disapproved, abhorred and punished. </li></ul>
  3. 3. THEORIES OF DEVIANT BEHAVIOR <ul><li>SOCIAL PATHOLOGY </li></ul><ul><li>causes: deviant behavior is caused by people with actual physical and mental illness, malfunctions or deformities. </li></ul><ul><li>solutions: education, re-education, hospitalization, rehabilitation, imprisonment, capital punishment. </li></ul><ul><li>BIOLOGICAL THEORY </li></ul><ul><li>causes: deviant behavior is a result of aberrant genetic in such cases as mental illness, criminality, and homosexuality. </li></ul><ul><li>solutions: education, re-education, hospitalization, rehabilitation, imprisonment, capital punishment and behavior modifacation. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>PSYCHOLOGICAL THEORY </li></ul><ul><li>cause: deviant behavior is brought about deviant impulses toward sexuality and aggression. </li></ul><ul><li>solutions: psychiatry, psychological counseling, hospitalization and rehabilitation; shock therapy. </li></ul><ul><li>SOCIAL DISORANIZATION THEORY </li></ul><ul><li>LABELING THEORY </li></ul><ul><li>ANOMIE THEORY OR STRUCTUAL STRESS THEORY </li></ul><ul><li>VALUE CONFLICT THEORY </li></ul><ul><li>CONFLICT THEORY </li></ul><ul><li>CULTURAL FUNCTIONS OF SOCIAL DEVIATION </li></ul>
  5. 5. TYPES OF DEVIANT BEHAVIOR AND THE MEANS OF INDIVIDUAL ADAPTATION <ul><li>Innovators </li></ul><ul><li>are those who accept the culturally approved goals but disregard the institutionals means to achieve them. </li></ul><ul><li>Ritualists </li></ul><ul><li>are those who give up the cultural goals but follow the prescribed norms. </li></ul><ul><li>Retreatists </li></ul><ul><li>are those who abandon both the cultural goals and the prescribed means to achieve them. </li></ul><ul><li>Rebels </li></ul><ul><li>are those who reject both the societal goals and the prescribed means to achieve them but try to set up new norms or goals. </li></ul>
  6. 6. SPECIFIC KIND OF DEVIANT BEHAVIOR
  7. 7. Infractions of the Sex Code and Laws <ul><li>Rape </li></ul><ul><li>Prostitution </li></ul><ul><li>White slavery </li></ul><ul><li>Sexual harassment </li></ul><ul><li>Polygamy </li></ul><ul><li>Adultery </li></ul><ul><li>Concubinage </li></ul><ul><li>Sexual perversions </li></ul><ul><li>Homosexuality </li></ul><ul><li>Tranvestism </li></ul><ul><li>Sexual transplant </li></ul><ul><li>Pre-marital relations </li></ul><ul><li>Live-in relations </li></ul><ul><li>Extra-marital relations </li></ul><ul><li>pornography </li></ul>
  8. 8. Infractions of LIFE, LIBERTY, PROPERTY and against the State <ul><li>Abortion </li></ul><ul><li>Child abuse </li></ul><ul><li>Wife battering </li></ul><ul><li>Violations of human rights </li></ul><ul><li>Juvenile delinquency </li></ul><ul><li>Vandalism </li></ul><ul><li>Embezzlement </li></ul><ul><li>criminality </li></ul><ul><li>Graft and corruption </li></ul><ul><li>Coup ‘d etat </li></ul><ul><li>Rebellion/mutiny </li></ul><ul><li>Plunder/economic sabotage </li></ul><ul><li>Piracy </li></ul><ul><li>White-collar crime </li></ul><ul><li>Organized crime/ syndicates </li></ul>
  9. 9. Infractions against Self (Victimless Crime) <ul><li>Illegal gambling </li></ul><ul><li>Alcoholism </li></ul><ul><li>Suicide </li></ul><ul><li>Drug abuse </li></ul><ul><li>runaways </li></ul><ul><li>Mendicancy or beggary </li></ul><ul><li>Prostitution </li></ul><ul><li>Smoking </li></ul><ul><li>Mental and psychological aberrations </li></ul><ul><li>Curfew, loitering </li></ul>
  10. 10. SANCTIONS AS MEANS OF SOCIAL CONTROL <ul><li>Sanctions refer to systems of reward and punishment in order to ensure that the norms are followed and expectations met. </li></ul><ul><li>Sanctions may also be formal of informal. </li></ul>
  11. 11. SOCIAL CONTROL OF DEVIANT BEHAVIOR IN THE PHILIPPINES <ul><li>INFORMAL SANCTIONS </li></ul><ul><li>Concession </li></ul><ul><li>Gossip, ridicule, ostracism, reprimands </li></ul><ul><li>Favorable or unfavorable opinion </li></ul><ul><li>Bestowal of denial of affection </li></ul><ul><li>Approval and praise </li></ul><ul><li>FORMAL SANCTIONS </li></ul><ul><li>Governmental sanctions </li></ul><ul><li>Business groups sanctions </li></ul><ul><li>Church or religious groups sanctions </li></ul><ul><li>Clubs and civic organizations sanctions </li></ul>
  12. 12. The Reporters <ul><li>Dominic P. Sumugat </li></ul><ul><li>BS HRM 3-G </li></ul><ul><li>Anthony Chua </li></ul><ul><li>BS HRM 3-G </li></ul>

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