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Chapter 12 power point presentation2

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Transcript

  • 1. Chapter 12
    Respiratory System
  • 2. Function of Respiratory System
    Bring oxygen into the body
    Bring carbon dioxide out of the body
  • 3. Two Types of Respirations
    External
    Oxygen inhaled into the air sacs of the lungs
    Immediately passes into capillaries
    Carbon dioxide passes from capillaries into air sacs to be exhaled
    Internal
    Occur simultaneously between cells and capillaries
    Oxygen passes out of the bloodstream into tissues
    Carbon dioxide passes out of tissues back into bloodstream to travel to lungs
  • 4.
  • 5. Croup
    Caused by infection that result in obstruction of larynx
    Result is stridor and barking cough
  • 6. Diphtheria & Pertussis
    Diphtheria
    Film over the respiratory tract
    Pertussis
    Otherwise known as whooping cough
  • 7. Epitaxis
    Nosebleed
    Can be a sign of something more serious such as hypertension
  • 8. Asthma
    Chronic inflammation with airway obstruction
    Caused by bronchial edema, bronchoconstriction and increased mucus production
  • 9. Chronic Bronchitis
    Inflammation of bronchial tree over long period of time
    Smoking can be contributing factor
  • 10. Cystic Fibrosis
    Genetic exocrine gland condition
  • 11. Emphysema & Atelectasis
    Emphysema
    Destruction of walls of alveoli
    Atelectasis
    Collapsed lung
  • 12. Pneumoconiosis & Pneumonia
    Pneumoconiosis
    Black Lung Disease or Asbestosis
    Pneumonia
    Inflammation and infection of alveoli
  • 13. Pulmonary Edema & Embolism
    Pulmonary Edema
    Associated with Congestive Heart Failure
    Pulmonary Embolism
    Emboli lodge in capillaries resulting in death of lung tissue
  • 14. Tuberculosis
    Bacteria forms a tubercle
    Bacterium reproduces
    Tubercle breaks releasing bacterium into body
    Very Contagious!
  • 15. Pneumothorax, Pleural Effusion & Pleurisy
    Pleural Effusion
    Pleurisy
    Pneumothorax
    Air or gas in the pleural cavity causing atelectasis
    Inflammation of the pleura
    • Increased amounts of fluid within pleural cavity
  • Know THESE!
    Understand the clinical procedures associated with the respiratory system
    Know the following abbreviations
  • 16. Root Operations to Know

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