War

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  • LVN Pictures ’ Orasang Ginto , directed by Manuel Conde, was the first Post-war Filipino movie or the first movie to come out after World War II. The movie, based on the story by Dona Aurora Quezon, tells of the Filipinos ’ tragedies and miseries during and after the war. It starred Mila Del Sol, Elvira Reyes and Rodrigo ‘ Bimbo ’ Danao and was shown on March 4 to 13, 1946 at Zest Theater.
  • War

    1. 2. <ul><li>Rogelio de la Rosa </li></ul><ul><li>Leopoldo Salcedo </li></ul><ul><li>Rosa del Rosario </li></ul><ul><li>Mira del Sol </li></ul><ul><li>Rosario Moreno </li></ul><ul><li>Carlos Padilla </li></ul><ul><li>Jose Padilla, Jr. </li></ul><ul><li>Fernando Poe, Lucita Goyena </li></ul>Actors and Actresses
    2. 3. Tatlong Maria <ul><li>Based on an novel by Jose Esperanza Cruz </li></ul><ul><li>Starred by Carmen Rosales, Jose Padilla, Jr., Norma Blancaflor, Liwayway Arceo and Fernando Poe, Sr. </li></ul>
    3. 4. <ul><li>Only English movie allowed </li></ul><ul><li>Showed the Americans and British as villains in international trafficking with dope </li></ul>The Opium War
    4. 5. Jose Nepomuceno <ul><li>Assigned by the Path News to film Japanese activities </li></ul><ul><li>Hand-operated Eye-Mo camera </li></ul><ul><li>Films shot were transported to the American authorities by submarine </li></ul>
    5. 6. <ul><li>Member of an underground movement </li></ul><ul><li>Officer in the USAFFE, Gold Cross medal awardee </li></ul><ul><li>Was a guerilla in Manila and the suburbs </li></ul>Fernando Poe, Sr. Gregorio Ticman
    6. 7. <ul><li>Was tortured by the Japanese </li></ul><ul><li>Movie stars, directors, technicians and the bit players and extras turned to the stage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2 nd Golden Age of Vaudeville </li></ul></ul>Bert Leroy
    7. 8. <ul><li>Provided the Japanese soldiers’ uniforms, weapons, sound effects, make up </li></ul><ul><li>Were discovered by Jose Nepumuceno </li></ul><ul><li>“ country’s top special effects artist” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cry Freedom </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sunset Over Corregidor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Isang Dakot na Bigas </li></ul></ul>Alfonso Torrente
    8. 9. <ul><li>Hollywood </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Huk </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Blackburn’s Gurerillas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Marco Polo </li></ul></ul>Alfonso Torrente
    9. 10. <ul><li>December 8, 1941 Japanese bombs fell on Intramuros </li></ul><ul><li>Some movie houses closed but many opted to stay open </li></ul><ul><li>Manila was declared an open city </li></ul><ul><li>Japanese moved in on January 2, 1942 </li></ul>
    10. 11. <ul><li>Movie companies were allowed to operate by the Japanese high command under the supervision of the Central Booking Exchange </li></ul><ul><li>Mostly reruns of unpolitical Hollywood and Tagalog films </li></ul><ul><li>1943- German and Japanese feature films as well as documentaries were brought in - “ The Sky is Blue ” , ” Currents of Youth ” , “ Women of Japan ” </li></ul>
    11. 12. <ul><li>There were several movies nearing completion just before the war but whose productions were halted. These were shown either completed or unfinished - “ Caviteno ” , ” Anong Ganda Mo ” , “ Caballero ” , “ Nina, Bonita ” , “ Princesa Urduja ” , ” Landas na Ginto ” </li></ul><ul><li>Two films were produced: LVN ’ s “ Tiya Juana ” and “ Prinsipe Tenoso ” </li></ul><ul><li>Another film was shown right after the war: Sampaguita ’ s “ Ang Tagala ” </li></ul>
    12. 13. <ul><li>Japanese demanded that movies, stage plays and vaudeville carried some form of Japanese propaganda </li></ul><ul><li>Most movies were transferred to the stage </li></ul><ul><li>This was “ the golden age of Philippine theater ” according to Lamberto Avellana </li></ul><ul><li>Some of the directors who worked on plays: Lamberto Avellana, Gerardo De Leon, Manuel Conde, Ramon Estella, Manuel Sillos, Tor Villano and Gregorio Fernandez </li></ul>
    13. 14. Some of the plays eventually got produced as movies in the postwar era: “ Limpia Bota ” story of Ernesto Bohol ’ s life. “ Ikaw kasi ” by Manuel Conde December 21, 1942-the Japanese decided to centralize the distribution and production of films in one agency: Eiga Haikyusha -Responsible for the importation of foreign films, mostly Japanese and German and later, Japanese propaganda for local consumption. The agency was launched with the screening of “ Toyo no Gaika ” (documentary) - “ United States Routed from the Philippines ” , “ Stars and stripes downed forever in East Asia ” , ” A war epic which will live long in your memory ” were some of the film ’ s claims.
    14. 15. <ul><li>It was the Japanese policy to push Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere -Film was used as an instrument -The Japanese had three aims: -To unmask the Americans as real enemies -To emphasize Japan ’ s role as the leader of Asia -To recover the native character lost due to years of Occidental colonization </li></ul><ul><li>The Japanese propaganda corps planned a major film to push the three goals - “ Ano Hatte O Utte ” or “ The Dawn of Freedom ” ( “ Liwayway ng Kalayaan ” ) </li></ul>
    15. 16.
    16. 17. <ul><li>HEROISM / BRAVERY OF FILIPINO SOLDIER </li></ul><ul><li>WAR </li></ul>First films were about… 
    17. 18. <ul><li>20 out of 34 films about bravery of fighting troops </li></ul>
    18. 19. “ Orasang Ginto ” The first Post-war Filipino movie or the first movie to come out after World War II 
    19. 20. PATRIOTISM? 
    20. 21. <ul><ul><ul><li>Discord and criminal activity? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Or Dearth of imagination? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(T.D. Agcaoili in “ Literary Song Movie ” ) </li></ul></ul></ul>
    21. 22. <ul><li>Restoration of the normal and peaceful deportments and thoughts of people </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Foster friendliness and goodwill </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Emphasize the virtues and beauty of life </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(Jose Crisostomo in “ Literary Song ” ) </li></ul></ul>Films shout be about… 
    22. 23. EUPHORIA 
    23. 24. <ul><li>Americans like Deities </li></ul>
    24. 25. <ul><li>Heroism of Filipino guerrillas </li></ul><ul><li>Atrocities inflicted on guerrillas and civilians </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Intramuros (The Rape of a City) ” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Heroism of media practitioners </li></ul>Euphoria over the end of war and victory over the Japanese 
    25. 26. <ul><li>“ hanggang pier lamang ” </li></ul><ul><li>Jeep girl </li></ul>
    26. 27. <ul><li>“ So Long America ” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Victory Joe ” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Honeymoon” </li></ul><ul><li>“ GI Fever (Ay Kano) ” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Magkaibang Lahi” </li></ul>Also euphoria over the departure of Americans 
    27. 28. <ul><li>“ Sa Tokyo Ikinasal (1949) ” </li></ul>Euphoria over the Return of troops from Japan 
    28. 29. AMNESIA 
    29. 30. <ul><li>Memory blackouts </li></ul><ul><li>Exchanges of Identities </li></ul><ul><li>Emotional traumas </li></ul><ul><li>“ May umaga Pang Darating (1954) ” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Isumpa Mo Giliw (1947) ” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Isang Libong Pisong Kagandahan (1947) ” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Ulilang Bituin ” (1956) </li></ul>Amnesia 
    30. 31. COLLABORATION
    31. 32. Collaborator depicted in the darkest of colors; despicable and loathsome; villain deserving his most dastardly fate
    32. 33. Joseph Cordova depicts collaborators in many of his movies (particularly in &quot;Hantik&quot;)
    33. 34. Eddie Romero presented collaboration with respect to its complexity and with a modicum of sympathy (example is &quot;Apoy sa Langit&quot;)
    34. 35. Examples of Movies Showing Collaboration
    35. 36. Hantik (Joseph Cordova)
    36. 37. Apoy sa Langit (Eddie Romero)
    37. 38. Walang Kamatayan (Tor Villano)
    38. 39. CORRUPTION
    39. 40. Corruption non-payment of back pay (guerrilla benefits)
    40. 41. people realized that corruption had settled in the new government; guerrillas maimed in the war and pinned hopes for a new life
    41. 42. Examples of Movies Showing Corruption
    42. 43. Back pay
    43. 44. Huk sa Bagong Pamumuhay
    44. 45. REBELLION
    45. 46. HUKBALAHAP came to national prominence; movies pounced on the new material but censors stopped it; Luis Nolasco ’ s &quot;Luis Taruc Ang Supremo ” was halted in its early shooting phase
    46. 47. Films Showing Post-War Agrarian Problems
    47. 48. Ako Raw ay Huk
    48. 49. Labi ng Bataan
    49. 50. Baril o Araro
    50. 51. Bisig ng Manggagawa
    51. 52. DISILLUSIONMENT
    52. 53. rancour among the guerrillas
    53. 54. Palaboy ng Tadhana
    54. 55. Anak Dalita
    55. 56. Lupang Pangako
    56. 57. CONCLUSION
    57. 58. The image of the guerrilla returning to his hometown and experiencing hardships gripped filmmakers and audiences alike. Film has unwittingly captured the tragedy of the post-war era, the festering decay of morality, the growing corruption, the amnesia of history.
    58. 59. End
    59. 60. <ul><li>Quirino, J. (1983). History of the Philippine cinema . Quezon City: Phoenix Pub. </li></ul>Sources

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