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The nazi holocaust
 

The nazi holocaust

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    The nazi holocaust The nazi holocaust Presentation Transcript

    • The Nazi Holocaust
      1933-1945
    • Jewish genocide
      Genocide- systematic killing over peoples of a certain identity.
      Estimated 6 million of 9 million European Jews were murdered during the Hitler regime.
      Atlanta Metro Area (2009) 5.5 Million residence.
      The Holocaust also targeted: Gypsies, Homosexuals, Russian POW’s, Polish and Soviet citizens, and political and religious opponents.
      Estimated death toll to be between 11-17 million in all.
    • Origins
      There has always been anti-Semitism around the world dating back for thousands of years.
      Nazi Ideology of the “Aryan” helped to spread anti-Semitism around Germany and Europe.
      Aryan- “superior race” always locked in conflict with the Jewish race.
      Hitler had been open about plans for the Jewish questions since 1925 in Mein Kampf
    • Legislation
      Law for the Prevention of Hereditary Diseased Offspring (1933). Called for the sterilization of people deemed not to be Aryan. Estimated 400,000 people were forced to undergo.
      Nuremberg Laws (1935)- Anti-Semitic laws- Revoked German citizenship for Jews. Also made it illegal for Germans and Jews to marry.
      1933- Zionist Federation of Germany began the movement of Jews from Germany to Palestine.
    • Kristallnacht
      1938 a German Diplomat was assassinated by in Paris.
      Gave Nazi Germany an excuse to use wide spread repression of Jews
      Resulted in mass vandalism of Jewish property and synagogues.
      91 Jews were “reported” to be killed
      Started the Mass transportation of Jews to Concentration Camps.
    • Ghettos
      First used in Poland when Nazi’s invaded in 1939
      Areas where Jews were forced to live in certain cities. Comparable to prisons
      Everyone was put to work for the Nazis
      Largest was Warsaw (380,000)
      Many people died from the labor, conditions, and disease.
    • Concentration Camps
      First Camp was Dachau (1933)
      Originally used to torture political opponents
      Became slave labor camps
      Each prisoner was tattooed a number
      Worked 12-14 hour shifts
      Workers would be worked to death
      Famous Camps: Dachau and Auschwitz
      Over 15,000 Camps
    • Death Squads
      Open, public killings of Jews
      Mainly occurred once Germany invaded the USSR.
      Coordinated between SS (German Secret Police) and the local populations
      Estimated at least 2.2 million people were killed this way
    • Wannsee Conference
      1942 in Berlin
      15 men decide the fate of the Final Solution. (Operation Reinhard)
      Plans were made for the killings of all Jews in Europe.
      Creation of Extermination or Death Camps
      Only workers were excluded from the Death Camps in the beginning.
    • Extermination Camps
      Created after Wannsee Conference.
      Main Camps: Auschwitz, Belzec, Treblinka, Sobibor, and 4 others.
      Camps were run by the SS
      Used to being the Final Solution in exterminating the Jewish race
      Prisoners would arrive by train from Ghettos or Concentration camps
      First use of Gas chambers as a method of killing.
      Possessions would be seized and the people would be herded to “showers” which were the gas chambers.
    • Jewish Resistance
      Warsaw Ghetto Uprising: 1943
      Jewish population fought off the SS for 4 weeks until the army arrived.
      13,000 Jews were killed and almost 60,000 were sent to the gas chambers.
      1943- Treblinka uprising 200 inmates overpowered the Guards and escaped.
      Thousands of Jewish partisans used guerrilla warfare against the Germans
    • Anne Frank
      German born Jewish girl in 1929.
      Lost citizenship under the Nuremburg laws.
      Lived in the Netherlands where she also hid out from
      Nazi Germany with her family.
      The family hid out in secret rooms of the father’s office.
      Eventually the family was discovered. Anne and her sister were both sent to Belsen concentration camp.
      Died March 1945 at the age of 15. Belsen was liberated in April.
      Remembered for her diary, “Dairy of a Young Girl”
      Out of 107,000 Jews transported from the Netherlands, 5,000 survived the war
    • Schindler’s List
      Biographical movie about Oskar Schindler who operated a ammunition factory during WWII
      He “employed” 1,000 Jewish peoples in the factory
      Originally made profit from occupied Poland during the Nazi occupation.
      Eventually started shielding his own workers from the Nazis
      Towards the end of the war, the ammunition being made was never produced.
      Credited with saving over 1,200 people from the Holocaust.
      “Oskar Schindler's exceptional deeds stemmed from just that elementary sense of decency and humanity that our sophisticated age seldom sincerely believes in. A repentant opportunist saw the light and rebelled against the sadism and vile criminality all around him. The inference may be disappointingly simple, especially for all amateur psychoanalysts who would prefer the deeper and more mysterious motive that may, it is true, still lie unproved and unappreciated. But an hour with Oskar Schindler encourages belief in the simple answer”
       Herbert Steinhouse
    • Towards the End
      The war was beginning to turn against German favor in 1943
      Caused the Exterminations to speed up
      1943 Warsaw Ghetto was dismantled and the Jewish population was sent to camps
      1944 Auschwitz was killing 8,000 people every day
      Death Marches were conducted to move Jews
      from Camp to Camp before the Russians could
      get to the camps
      Many camps were destroyed and evidence
      was hidden once the camp was no longer used.
    • Liberation
      Many camps were destroyed before the allies were able to liberate them
      Soviets liberated Auschwitz and Majdanek
      Americans- Buchenwald and Dachau
      British- Belsen
    • The toll
      Many liberated prisoners would still die in the weeks after liberation due to their conditions.
      Estimated- 6 million Jews
      2-3 Million Soviet POW’s
      2 Million Ethnic Poles
      200,000-1.5 Million Gypsies