The nazi holocaust
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The nazi holocaust

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The nazi holocaust The nazi holocaust Presentation Transcript

  • The Nazi Holocaust
    1933-1945
  • Jewish genocide
    Genocide- systematic killing over peoples of a certain identity.
    Estimated 6 million of 9 million European Jews were murdered during the Hitler regime.
    Atlanta Metro Area (2009) 5.5 Million residence.
    The Holocaust also targeted: Gypsies, Homosexuals, Russian POW’s, Polish and Soviet citizens, and political and religious opponents.
    Estimated death toll to be between 11-17 million in all.
  • Origins
    There has always been anti-Semitism around the world dating back for thousands of years.
    Nazi Ideology of the “Aryan” helped to spread anti-Semitism around Germany and Europe.
    Aryan- “superior race” always locked in conflict with the Jewish race.
    Hitler had been open about plans for the Jewish questions since 1925 in Mein Kampf
  • Legislation
    Law for the Prevention of Hereditary Diseased Offspring (1933). Called for the sterilization of people deemed not to be Aryan. Estimated 400,000 people were forced to undergo.
    Nuremberg Laws (1935)- Anti-Semitic laws- Revoked German citizenship for Jews. Also made it illegal for Germans and Jews to marry.
    1933- Zionist Federation of Germany began the movement of Jews from Germany to Palestine.
  • Kristallnacht
    1938 a German Diplomat was assassinated by in Paris.
    Gave Nazi Germany an excuse to use wide spread repression of Jews
    Resulted in mass vandalism of Jewish property and synagogues.
    91 Jews were “reported” to be killed
    Started the Mass transportation of Jews to Concentration Camps.
  • Ghettos
    First used in Poland when Nazi’s invaded in 1939
    Areas where Jews were forced to live in certain cities. Comparable to prisons
    Everyone was put to work for the Nazis
    Largest was Warsaw (380,000)
    Many people died from the labor, conditions, and disease.
  • Concentration Camps
    First Camp was Dachau (1933)
    Originally used to torture political opponents
    Became slave labor camps
    Each prisoner was tattooed a number
    Worked 12-14 hour shifts
    Workers would be worked to death
    Famous Camps: Dachau and Auschwitz
    Over 15,000 Camps
  • Death Squads
    Open, public killings of Jews
    Mainly occurred once Germany invaded the USSR.
    Coordinated between SS (German Secret Police) and the local populations
    Estimated at least 2.2 million people were killed this way
  • Wannsee Conference
    1942 in Berlin
    15 men decide the fate of the Final Solution. (Operation Reinhard)
    Plans were made for the killings of all Jews in Europe.
    Creation of Extermination or Death Camps
    Only workers were excluded from the Death Camps in the beginning.
  • Extermination Camps
    Created after Wannsee Conference.
    Main Camps: Auschwitz, Belzec, Treblinka, Sobibor, and 4 others.
    Camps were run by the SS
    Used to being the Final Solution in exterminating the Jewish race
    Prisoners would arrive by train from Ghettos or Concentration camps
    First use of Gas chambers as a method of killing.
    Possessions would be seized and the people would be herded to “showers” which were the gas chambers.
  • Jewish Resistance
    Warsaw Ghetto Uprising: 1943
    Jewish population fought off the SS for 4 weeks until the army arrived.
    13,000 Jews were killed and almost 60,000 were sent to the gas chambers.
    1943- Treblinka uprising 200 inmates overpowered the Guards and escaped.
    Thousands of Jewish partisans used guerrilla warfare against the Germans
  • Anne Frank
    German born Jewish girl in 1929.
    Lost citizenship under the Nuremburg laws.
    Lived in the Netherlands where she also hid out from
    Nazi Germany with her family.
    The family hid out in secret rooms of the father’s office.
    Eventually the family was discovered. Anne and her sister were both sent to Belsen concentration camp.
    Died March 1945 at the age of 15. Belsen was liberated in April.
    Remembered for her diary, “Dairy of a Young Girl”
    Out of 107,000 Jews transported from the Netherlands, 5,000 survived the war
  • Schindler’s List
    Biographical movie about Oskar Schindler who operated a ammunition factory during WWII
    He “employed” 1,000 Jewish peoples in the factory
    Originally made profit from occupied Poland during the Nazi occupation.
    Eventually started shielding his own workers from the Nazis
    Towards the end of the war, the ammunition being made was never produced.
    Credited with saving over 1,200 people from the Holocaust.
    “Oskar Schindler's exceptional deeds stemmed from just that elementary sense of decency and humanity that our sophisticated age seldom sincerely believes in. A repentant opportunist saw the light and rebelled against the sadism and vile criminality all around him. The inference may be disappointingly simple, especially for all amateur psychoanalysts who would prefer the deeper and more mysterious motive that may, it is true, still lie unproved and unappreciated. But an hour with Oskar Schindler encourages belief in the simple answer”
     Herbert Steinhouse
  • Towards the End
    The war was beginning to turn against German favor in 1943
    Caused the Exterminations to speed up
    1943 Warsaw Ghetto was dismantled and the Jewish population was sent to camps
    1944 Auschwitz was killing 8,000 people every day
    Death Marches were conducted to move Jews
    from Camp to Camp before the Russians could
    get to the camps
    Many camps were destroyed and evidence
    was hidden once the camp was no longer used.
  • Liberation
    Many camps were destroyed before the allies were able to liberate them
    Soviets liberated Auschwitz and Majdanek
    Americans- Buchenwald and Dachau
    British- Belsen
  • The toll
    Many liberated prisoners would still die in the weeks after liberation due to their conditions.
    Estimated- 6 million Jews
    2-3 Million Soviet POW’s
    2 Million Ethnic Poles
    200,000-1.5 Million Gypsies