PROPAGANDA The use of Propaganda before and during World War I
What is it? Information, ideas, or rumors deliberately spread widely to help or harm a person, group, movement, institution, nation, etc. Plays on people’s opinions and emotions. Typically most prevalent during war time with censorship from the government
Where to find it: There are many uses of propaganda in: Television Newspaper (Example: Yellow Journalism) Magazines Posters and Post Cards Speeches Slogans
Propaganda's Aim Appeals to Patriotism Appeals to Emotions Demonizing the enemy. Reinforce negative stereotypes by using name calling such as calling the Germans, Huns.
TOTAL WAR! Propaganda was mainly used in the Total War that evolves out of the growing media and WWI Total war is the dedication of every resource to the war effort, and is marked by high governmental control. One form of government control is censorship
Uses and Examples of Propaganda Lord Kitchener and Uncle Sam. First usage during WWI to promote enlistment into the military
Propaganda was also used to promote the home front to actively engage in the war effort.
Ways to engage was by buying bonds to support the effort
Turning in needed resources used in bullet making such as copper
Cutting back on certain foods like breads so that the troops would have more food overseas
Joining the red cross
Use of Women and Children Demonization was also a tool used. A country would show the enemy as some sort of monster to help encourage men to enlist and fight. Examples of posters used to promote service to the country by playing on emotions of the people.
Different Countries Propaganda German forms of propaganda against England and to buy bonds
Leaflet Propaganda French Propaganda Leaflet -- said to have come from German soldiers in French prison camps: Pass this along!German War Comrades!Think about this:1. Only greedy rulers want war. The people want peace, and work, and bread.2. Only the German Kaiser with his militarists, Junkers, and arms manufacturers wanted war, prepared for it and brought it on. No one wanted to fight Germany, no one opposed her desires for a "place in the sun." 3. If a murderer shoots a revolver on the street, it is the duty of every peace-loving, dutiful citizen to hurry to the aid of the fallen. For that reason Italy, Rumania, and the United States went to war against Germany; to free Belgium, Serbia, and France from the clutches of the murderer....10. Stop fighting! Turn your cannons around! Come over to us. Shoot anyone who wants to hinder you from coming.YOUR DEMOCRATIC COMRADESIN FRENCH PRISONS
Battle reports Battle of Ypres. British Newspaper: “To the north of Ypres our progress has been continued, especially on our left. We have taken six quick-firers, two bomb-throwers, and much material; and made several hundred prisoners, including several officers.The losses of the enemy were extremely high. At a single point on the front, in the proximity of the canal we counted more than six hundred German dead. On the heights of the Meuse, on the front Les Eparges-St Remy-Calonne trench, we have continued to gain ground, about one kilometre, and have inflicted on the enemy very severe losses.” German Newspaper: "In Flanders the British yesterday again attempted to regain the ground they had lost. In the afternoon they attacked from both sides but the attack completely broke down. An evening attack further east failed, with severe British losses.“ Reality: There were three battles of Ypres: All together at least 700,000 casualties were suffered on both sides. One Kilometer = .62 miles.
Catchy Slogans Waste Not- Want Not (preserve food) Food is ammunition I want YOU (Uncle Sam posters for enlistment)