A collectivity where participants are little affected by the formal structure of official goals but who shares a common interest in the survival of the system and who engage in collective activities to secure this end.
Usually seen as an agreement among individuals in an organization
The organizational charts depicts not only the relationship of each members on the systems but also activities that must be performed
Physical therapy departments are built according to the output of the systems</li></ul>Owner<br />Physical TherapistSecretaryBookkeeper<br />PTABilling Clerk<br />PT Aide<br />Owner<br />Senior PT/ Chief PT<br />Physical TherapistSecretaryBookkeeper<br />PTABilling Clerk<br />PT Aide<br /><ul><li>SMALL PHYSICAL THERAPY SETTING
Payments were often made in terms of service, and it is being given directly to the professional.
During the industrial revolution, factory owners provide injury-related health care facility and offer it to the employee.
During the post-industrial phase, healthcare organizations (HMO) have grown to corporation size and that most of it is being dominated by the government regulations and interventions.
Physical therapy was a part of the healthcare organization as early as 1917.
Physical therapy was not considered as a profession before and was well thought-out as an ancillary service.
They report directly to the physicians and was being paid on an hourly basis.
In 1965, physical therapy was considered as a fee-for-service profession.
Under this medical legislation, PT services secure a reimbursable position for a non-physician professional under the traditional health care systems.</li></ul>Community Hospitals<br /><ul><li>These are healthcare within the community which most people have become familiar with.
Majority of these hospitals are non-profit institutions and are being run by the government.
Community hospitals are also often referred to as voluntary hospitals.</li></ul>Hospitals/Multihospital Systems<br /><ul><li>The primary goal of this system is to build a system that provides continuous care for its patients.
Hospitals have developed a regional cooperating systems (departments) in which there are agreements of cooperation between facilities and each components agrees to focus service in certain ways that will promote the system and allow the easy flow of the patients between facilities</li></ul>School Systems Practices<br /><ul><li>School systems have always been an attractive setting for physical therapist who specializes in pediatric care; because it is a setting which child can be observed and treated in a natural environment.
In the US, Physical therapist have become an integral part of the public school team to plan an appropriate educational plan for each handicapped child
This is the need to be recognized for a unique or special contribution to the group or organization motivated employees to excel or specialized within the group.</li></ul>Self<br /> Actualization<br /> Esteem<br /> Belongingness<br />Safety<br /> Physiological<br /><ul><li>Locus Control
The concept of locus control relates to the degree to which individual believe that they have the power to control or change a given situation.
StagesDevelopmental PhaseTrust vs. MistrustInfancyInitiative vs. GuiltEarly childhoodAutonomy vs. ShameEarly childhoodIndustry vs. InferiorityChildhood and adolescenceIdentity vs. ConfusionAdolescenceIntimacy vs. IsolationYoung adulthoodGenerativity vs. StagnationAdulthood and middle ageIntegrity vs. DespairOld age
</li></ul>Management Theories Related to Managing People<br /><ul><li>Herzberg’s Theory of Motivation
Employers thinks that workers are basically lazy, unmotivated to work; seek security and needs closer supervision in order to accomplish task. These represent the THEORY X.
Employers should change these perception of workers to be more in line with maximizing the workers human potentials which means that employees should be the opposite of Theory X. These represent the THEORY Y.</li></ul>Recruitment and Retention<br /><ul><li>Recruitment and retention of physical therapist is one of the major problems facing mangers in the hospital settings therefore several programs have been instituted in hospital PT programs to enhance motivation and remain in this setting.
Shortage in PT had caused starting salaries to increase dramatically. At the same time that compensation of salaries for more experienced PT is leading to low morale.
In these systems target productivity levels within a set of quality a guidelines are established and the individual workers are paid predetermined variable amounts of money for achieving specific targets.
This is the most easily administered and he most common incentive program