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Food of the 1930's

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  • Master Presentation

    1. 1. November 13, 2009<br />Cultural Panel– Food of the 1930’s<br /> Presented By:<br /> Taylor Doak<br /> Abdul Rezai<br />SanzharTorekz<br /> Grace Wetherington<br /> Rhiannon Clause<br />
    2. 2. Taylor Doak<br />How American Legislation<br />Changed to Accommodate<br />The Hard Times<br />
    3. 3. Food in the 1930s<br />“The meat on a young squirrel is tender and best cooked simply- pan fried, perhaps with a white wine sauce on the side. Grilling is good too. Stir-fried squirrel head is another delicacy because of tender cheek and neck meat, and of course the scoop of brain that goes down in one swallow, just like oysters, just in time before you worry about squirrel disease or anything like that.” <br />America Eats<br />(Willard 24)<br />
    4. 4. What’s being Produced?<br />Corn<br />Beans<br />Rice<br />Cabbage<br />Peppers<br />Tomatoes<br />Chicken was not consumed often due to its higher price<br />
    5. 5. Make the Best with What You Have<br />Used manure to fertilize fields<br />Arsenic poison used for pesticides<br />Copper sulfate used for herbicides<br />15 hours labor = 100 bushels of corn<br />$765 million a year<br />32 percent of all exports<br />13 % reported having electricity<br />Average- $0.13 per bushel<br />(livinghistoryfarm.org)<br />
    6. 6. “Threshers dinner” <br />Meal would be as extravagant as the host could make it. <br />Home decorated<br />Large feast<br />Attempt to outdo neighbors with display of status<br />
    7. 7. Women were not allowed around BBQ because meat was not able to breathe<br /> Beer typically saved for men leaving the fields, not women<br />
    8. 8. Roosevelt&apos;s Legislation<br />1938- Agriculture Adjustment Act (AAA)<br />balance supply and demand for farm products (corn, wheat, cotton, rice, peanuts, tobacco, milk) so that prices would support a decent purchasing power for farmers<br />Federal Assistance for school lunches<br />1939- Food Stamps<br />Vice President, Henry A. Wallace <br />Hybred seed corn<br />
    9. 9. New Deal <br />To combat job loss, the Farm Security Administration (FSA) and Civilian Conservation Corporation (CCC) began. <br />These groups provided work for over three million unemployed farmers serving the community by building roads, buildings, telephone lines and clearing-up the streets.<br />
    10. 10. Food distribution Program<br />People dying of starvation during a weak economy<br />Farmers burned crops and destroyed livestock due to low demand<br />1935- Congress authorized U.S. department of Agriculture to buy unsold product from farmers and channel them through local agencies to feed the hungry (schools, summer camps, charitable org., needy families)<br />
    11. 11. Abdul Rezai<br />Agriculture and How<br />Americans Kept From<br />Starving<br />
    12. 12. Farmers in 1930s<br /><ul><li> 1934: more 30% Americans were farmers
    13. 13. Raised their own food
    14. 14. baked their own bread
    15. 15. Raised sheep for meat and wool
    16. 16. Kept bees to harvest honey
    17. 17. Kept horsesand mules for work </li></li></ul><li>Drought <br />1931-192: East America <br />1934 : 80% of America <br />Worst drought in last 300 years <br />video<br />No rain no crops <br />Hail 1930<br />Lack of rain<br />Temperature<br />Wind <br />
    18. 18. Dust bowl (Dirty thirties)<br /><ul><li> dry land
    19. 19. Over grazing, farming</li></ul>Black Sunday <br />Migration<br />Grapes of Wrath <br />Homeless people<br />People in action <br />
    20. 20. Starvation<br /><ul><li>No crops no food
    21. 21. video
    22. 22. Animals starve
    23. 23. People starve even more
    24. 24. Mothers
    25. 25. New born babies </li></li></ul><li>Solutions <br />Irrigation systems<br />utilizing water from a stream or from underground<br />Rubber wheeled tractor<br />More beneficial <br /> Grass Hopper <br />Dry climates boasts grasshoppers’ population<br />Video <br />Eating the entire field<br />Insecticides <br />
    26. 26. HungryAmerica:SanzharTorekz<br />
    27. 27. &quot;a gray, black human snake&quot;<br />Soup Kitchens<br />A place where food is offered free or at very low cost to the needy.<br />In January 1931, <br />82 bread lines in New York City <br />served 85,000 &quot;meals&quot; daily! <br />Bread lines<br />A line of people waiting to receive food given by a charitable organization or public agency.<br />video<br />Formed as early as 4 a.m. With waiting time for men -two to three hours before they could sit down inside a soup kitchen. <br />
    28. 28. Soup kitchens as a Powerful equalizer<br />It was difficult for hard-working people to swallow their pride when hunger drove them to a soup kitchen. -Video<br />Men who experienced the waiting in line recall the personal shame of asking for a handout, unable to care for oneself or to provide for others. Most men found it difficult to look into the eyes of other men in line, who, if asked, had similar stories to tell. <br />
    29. 29. “Cup Coffee & Doughnuts” by Al Capone and his crew<br />Chicago’s first soup kitchen opened in 1931<br />
    30. 30. Health issuesDid Great Depression help it?<br />VS<br />Life expectancy went up<br />Heart, lungs and cardiovascular deceases rate dropped<br />Diabetes dropped<br />Obesity rate has declined<br /><ul><li>Work related stress
    31. 31. Lack of sleep
    32. 32. High Fat level food
    33. 33. High cholesterol
    34. 34. Smoking</li></ul>Vaccination<br />Pasteurization<br />Lower food intake<br />Vegetarian diet<br />Less animal fat<br />
    35. 35. Nutritional Status of Men Attending A Soup Kitchen: A Pilot Study<br />
    36. 36. Nutritional Status of Men Attending A Soup Kitchen: A Pilot Study<br />
    37. 37. Work Cited<br />http://middle.usm.k12.wi.us/faculty/taft/Unit7/citylife.htm<br />http://www.thefreedictionary.com/bread+line<br />http://www4.hmc.edu:8001/humanities/beckman/artclasses/lange_bread_line.jpg<br />http://www.scientificamerican.com/podcast/episode.cfm?id=great-depression-increased-life-exp-09-09-30#comments<br />
    38. 38. Grace Wetherington<br />Depression Era Foods:<br />Not Just A Can Of Spam<br />
    39. 39. Newly Invented Popularized Foods<br />Even though many families were waiting in lines for free food, there were many new foods that became invented or introduced during the Depression such as<br />-- Spam<br />--Bisquick<br />--Kraft Mac n’ Cheese<br />-- Toll House Chocolate Chip Cookies<br />--KrispyKreme Doughnuts<br />-- Nestle Chocolate Chip Cookies<br />-- Good Humor Ice Cream Bars<br />-- Rice Krispy Treats<br />
    40. 40. Kool- Aid<br />In the 1920s Edwin and Kitty Perkins ran a mail order business out of Hastings, Nebraska. *One of the best selling products was a flavored drink syrup called &quot;Fruit Smack&quot;. <br />*It was sold and shipped in four ounce bottles but was difficult and expensive to ship. *1927 Perkins borrowed from the idea of Jell-O gelatin and made &quot;Fruit Smack&quot; a concentrated powdered fruit drink. <br />*Originally called Kool-Ade, it sold well and was later changed to Kool-Aid. <br />*Originally sold for10 cents but he cut the price in half as the Depression worsened<br />
    41. 41. Kool-Aid- Edwin Perkins<br />
    42. 42. Candy Bars New In The 1930’s<br />*Snickers <br />*Tootsie Pops <br />*Kit Kat Bars <br />*3 Musketeers <br />*Heath Bar <br />*Wild Cherry Life Savers <br />*Mars Almond Bar <br />*Fifth Avenue <br />*Chunky Chocolate Bars <br />*Rolo<br />*Smarties<br />
    43. 43. Rhiannon Clause<br />Unusual Foods And <br />Changing How America Eats<br />
    44. 44. Convenience Foods<br />Foods that require little to no preparation or cleanup<br />--Commercial Foods<br />--Frozen Foods<br />--Snack Foods<br />
    45. 45. Home-cooked: Staples<br />Prerequisites for every 1930’s Kitchen—<br /> Flour<br /> Sugar<br /> Salt<br /> Milk<br /> Eggs<br /> Butter<br /> Corn Meal<br /> Corn Starch<br /> Baking Soda<br /> Baking Powder<br />
    46. 46. Home- cooked: Subsitutions<br />In the 1930’s frugality was key. Out of ____?<br />Try these substitutions instead<br /> No eggs? Use 1 Tbs. soy flour plus 1 Tbs. water for each egg. For baking, you can try substituting 2 Tbs mayonnaise for each egg. <br />No buttermilk? For each cup, add 1 Tbs lemon juice or white vinegar to milk and let stand a few minutes.<br />No Baking Powder? Use 1 tsp baking soda plus 1/2 tsp cream of tartar for each teaspoon of baking powder.<br />
    47. 47. Appliances of the 1930’s<br />Circa, 1930<br />Circa, 1939<br />
    48. 48. You Can’t Have Any Pudding If You Don’t Eat Your Meat…<br />Many families in the 1930’s could not afford the luxury of beef or chicken at every meal. For these families, the meat dish was usually saved for Sunday. <br />Other families found other sources for their proteins…<br />
    49. 49. The Joy of Cooking- Squirrel, Suckling Pig, and Pigeon<br />What became the most sucessful cookbook ever published in America was first released in 1931.<br />The Joy Of Cooking included such chapters as Canning and Pickling, Cocktails, and how to use ‘exotic’ meats- i.e. squirrel, opossum, and raccoon. <br />
    50. 50. Give us this day our daily bread...<br />

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