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Media and Politics in Slovakia

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this is about media and politics in Slovakia, 1990/2009

this is about media and politics in Slovakia, 1990/2009

Published in News & Politics , Travel , Business
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  • 1. Two Decades of Media and Politics Relations in Slovakia: Lesson Learned Andrej Školkay School of Communication and Media Slovakia
  • 2. The Conference MEDIA: 20 YEARS AFTER
    • organized by:
    •     Department of Media Studies and Centre for Media Studies, Faculty of Social Science , Charles University in Prague, Czech Republic
    • May 2009
  • 3. Two Decades of Media and Politics Relations in Slovakia: Lesson Learned
    • „ Electoral power per se is the mechanical guarantee of democracy; but the substantive guarantee is given by the conditions under which the citizen gets the information and is exposed to the pressure of opinion makers.“
    • Giovanni Sartori 1987, 86-87
  • 4. Two Decades of Media and Politics Relations in Slovakia: Lesson Learned
    • „ It is surprising, to us, to find that the parties which replaced the communists and socialists often seem almost as ardent in using non-democratic means to run the media.“
    • Al Hester, Director of Cox International Center, 1993
  • 5. Two Decades of Media and Politics Relations in Slovakia: Lesson Learned
    • Why the majority of post-communist Slovak top politicians sooner or later gained ambivalent, often openly negative, sometimes even extremely negative attitudes towards the mass media?
  • 6. Two Decades of Media and Politics Relations in Slovakia: Lesson Learned
    • Why there were various functions of the media in post communist transformation, sometimes opposite to what liberal democratic theory would expect on the part of the media?
  • 7. Two Decades of Media and Politics Relations in Slovakia: Lesson Learned
    • Top-ten enemy of the press in the world 1995
    • Committee to Protect Journalists
  • 8.  
  • 9.  
  • 10. Two Decades of Media and Politics Relations in Slovakia: Lesson Learned
    • missunderstanding of the functions of the media in liberal democracy
    • AND
    • principles of their work (e.g. news criteria)
  • 11. Two Decades of Media and Politics Relations in Slovakia: Lesson Learned
    • Why there were various functions of the media in post communist transformation, sometimes contradictory to what liberal democratic theory would expect?
  • 12.
    • The functions of the media :
    • Information
    • Criticism (watchdog)
    • Analysis
    • Mediating („mirror“)
    • ..entertainment, economy function,...
  • 13. Two Decades of Media and Politics Relations in Slovakia: Lesson Learned
    • INFORMATION:
    • A) misinformation
    • B) propaganda
    • C) truth
    • initially strong influence, later less so important (experience, additional sources of information)
  • 14. Two Decades of Media and Politics Relations in Slovakia: Lesson Learned
    • CRITICISM:
    • A) wrong subjects
    • B) too often unfair
    • C) too late
    • D) but progress in time
    • minimum impact
  • 15. Two Decades of Media and Politics Relations in Slovakia: Lesson Learned
    • ANALYSIS:
    • A) missing in the most important media (radio, television)
    • B) good in quality daily and weekly press and foreign radio broadcast
    • Minimum impact
  • 16. Two Decades of Media and Politics Relations in Slovakia: Lesson Learned
    • MEDIATING:
    • A) more often follower than leader
  • 17. Two Decades of Media and Politics Relations in Slovakia: Lesson Learned
    • ADDITIONAL FUNCTIONS:
    • political
    • intensification
    • manipulatory (deliberate, unintentional)
    • integrative / disintegrative
    • cultivation
  • 18. Two Decades of Media and Politics Relations in Slovakia: Lesson Learned
    • Which media scenario/development trajectory could be applied to the Slovak case?
    • And WHY?
  • 19.