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Copyright for the_21st_century

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  • Basis of copyright law today:Copyright was considered so important to the progress of the country that it was stated explicitly on the first page of the United States Constitution!The specific clause is Clause 8, section 1: “To promote the progress of science and useful arts, by securing for a limited time to authors and inventors the exclusive rights to their respective writings and discoveries;”Like many statements in our Constitution, it is open in part to interpretation. For instance, ‘rights’ are exclusive for a limited time, but exactly for how long has changed several times in legislation passed over the last 200 years. I’d also like to point out that the founders recognized that ensuring creators’ rights and profits would stimulate creativity, which they considered vital for a democratic nation.
  • Transcript

    • 1. The basics
      1
      Copyright for the 21st Century
    • 2. Agenda
      2
      What is copyright?
      What are public domain and fair use?
      How does this apply to online environments?
      What is the alternative?
    • 3. United States Copyright
      3
      [Clause 8, 1] To promote the Progress of Science and useful Arts, by securing for limited Times to Authors and Inventors the exclusive Right to their respective Writings and Discoveries;
    • 4. Some Basic Information
      4
      Copyright Basics Video
    • 5. What does copyright protect?
      5
      ©
    • 6. Not protected: Free to share
      6
    • 7. Who is the owner?
      7
    • 8. What are copyrights for the owner?
      8
    • 9. 20th century rights: fair and balanced
      9
    • 10. Ask for permission
      10
      Books and journal articles
      Foreign
      Newspaper
      Images
      Freelance writer (author retains ©)
      Music performance
      Music recording
      Online musical performance
      Play rights
      Movie
    • 11. I found it on the Internet!
      11
      No one cares what I do with it, right?
      Exceptions
      Public Domain
      Fair Use
      Small portions of multimedia
      No agreement on images
      Custom licenses (CC)
    • 12. Let’s Take a look…
      12
      What are Public Domain & Fair Use?
    • 13. Public Domain
      13
      When does copyright start and end?
      Copyright protection by date
      http://librarycopyright.net/digitalslider/
    • 14. What is fair use?
      14
      The purpose and character of the use ($?)
      The nature of the copyrighted work
      How much of the work is used:
      Not more than one copy per student
      250 worlds or less of a poem
      A complete article or 2,500 words or less
      Excerpts of 500 – 1000 words
      One illustration per publication
      The effect of the use on the market value of the work.
    • 15. What about in the classroom?
      15
      Copies may be used for only one course in the school.
      Same author copies may not exceed more than one article or two excerpts, or more than three from a collection of works.
      Multiple copying for one course is limited to a maximum of nine instances during the term.
      You many not copy “consumable” materials, i.e. workbooks.
      Students may not be charged for copied material.
      Morrison, G. R., & Lowther, D. L. (2005). Integrating computer technology into the classroom, 3rd ed., p. 239.
    • 16. Etool for Fair Use
      16
      Learn More about Fair Use
      Fair Use Evaluator
      http://librarycopyright.net/fairuse/
      © Michael Brewer & ALA Office for Information Technology Policy
    • 17. What about multimedia?
      17
      Motion Media
      Up to 10% of the total or 3 minutes (whichever is less)
      Music, lyrics, and music video
      Up to 10% of the work, but no more than 30 seconds
      Illustrations or photographs
      No more than 5 images from one artist or photographer
      No more than 10% or 15 images, whichever is less, from a collection
    • 18. What have you learned?
      18
      Test yourself at Copyright Bay.
    • 19. 19
      How does this apply to online environments?
    • 20. What is the TEACH Act?
      20
      Technology, Education, and Copyright Harmonization (TEACH) Act is the product of discussion and negotiation among academic institutions, publishers, library organizations and Congress.
      • Instructor latitude
      • 21. Student distribution
      • 22. Participation access to resources
    • 21
      Educational institution
      Mediated instructional activities
      Use limited students enrolled in class
      Live or asynchronous classes
      Reasonable and limited portions
      i.e. usage similar to typical live classroom session
      Cannot include textbook materials
      i.e. typically purchased or acquired by students
    • 23. Try the Creative Commons
      22
      What can I do?
    • 24. What is the Creative Commons?
      23
      Creative Commons is a nonprofit corporation dedicated to making it easier for people to share and build upon the work of others, consistent with the rules of copyright.
      Licenses
      Attribution
      Share Alike
      Noncommercial
      No Derivative Works
      An Overview
    • 25. Solution
      Fair Use Question
      Public Domain
      Appropriate Models
      Find Resources
      Analyze and defend
      By Date
      Teacher Use
      Creative Commons
      24
      Current best practices for the classroom
      Problem
    • 26. Thank you!
      25
      FIN