Basis of copyright law today:Copyright was considered so important to the progress of the country that it was stated explicitly on the first page of the United States Constitution!The specific clause is Clause 8, section 1: “To promote the progress of science and useful arts, by securing for a limited time to authors and inventors the exclusive rights to their respective writings and discoveries;”Like many statements in our Constitution, it is open in part to interpretation. For instance, ‘rights’ are exclusive for a limited time, but exactly for how long has changed several times in legislation passed over the last 200 years. I’d also like to point out that the founders recognized that ensuring creators’ rights and profits would stimulate creativity, which they considered vital for a democratic nation.
The basics 1 Copyright for the 21st Century
Agenda 2 What is copyright? What are public domain and fair use? How does this apply to online environments? What is the alternative?
United States Copyright 3 [Clause 8, 1] To promote the Progress of Science and useful Arts, by securing for limited Times to Authors and Inventors the exclusive Right to their respective Writings and Discoveries;
Some Basic Information 4 Copyright Basics Video
I found it on the Internet! 11 No one cares what I do with it, right? Exceptions Public Domain Fair Use Small portions of multimedia No agreement on images Custom licenses (CC)
Let’s Take a look… 12 What are Public Domain & Fair Use?
Public Domain 13 When does copyright start and end? Copyright protection by date http://librarycopyright.net/digitalslider/
What is fair use? 14 The purpose and character of the use ($?) The nature of the copyrighted work How much of the work is used: Not more than one copy per student 250 worlds or less of a poem A complete article or 2,500 words or less Excerpts of 500 – 1000 words One illustration per publication The effect of the use on the market value of the work.
What about in the classroom? 15 Copies may be used for only one course in the school. Same author copies may not exceed more than one article or two excerpts, or more than three from a collection of works. Multiple copying for one course is limited to a maximum of nine instances during the term. You many not copy “consumable” materials, i.e. workbooks. Students may not be charged for copied material. Morrison, G. R., & Lowther, D. L. (2005). Integrating computer technology into the classroom, 3rd ed., p. 239.
What about multimedia? 17 Motion Media Up to 10% of the total or 3 minutes (whichever is less) Music, lyrics, and music video Up to 10% of the work, but no more than 30 seconds Illustrations or photographs No more than 5 images from one artist or photographer No more than 10% or 15 images, whichever is less, from a collection
What have you learned? 18 Test yourself at Copyright Bay.
19 How does this apply to online environments?
What is the TEACH Act? 20 Technology, Education, and Copyright Harmonization (TEACH) Act is the product of discussion and negotiation among academic institutions, publishers, library organizations and Congress.
21 Educational institution Mediated instructional activities Use limited students enrolled in class Live or asynchronous classes Reasonable and limited portions i.e. usage similar to typical live classroom session Cannot include textbook materials i.e. typically purchased or acquired by students
What is the Creative Commons? 23 Creative Commons is a nonprofit corporation dedicated to making it easier for people to share and build upon the work of others, consistent with the rules of copyright. Licenses Attribution Share Alike Noncommercial No Derivative Works An Overview
Solution Fair Use Question Public Domain Appropriate Models Find Resources Analyze and defend By Date Teacher Use Creative Commons 24 Current best practices for the classroom Problem