The Holocaust
Nuremberg Laws• In 1935, the Nuremberg Laws decreed  that only persons of “German blood”  (Aryans) could be citizens of Ge...
Nuremberg Laws•          These laws were              meant to degrade              the Jewish people.           • Marriag...
Kristallnacht         Kristallnacht         means “the           Night of          Broken           Glass.”
Kristallnacht• Jewish homes, shops, synagogues and  businesses were looted and destroyed.• Thousands of Jews were arrested...
KristallnachtThousands of Jews were arrested and      taken to already established  concentration camps. The next step  wa...
Kristallnacht
What is a concentration        camp?             Concentration camps             were work or death             camps loca...
Concentration Camps          There were many            concentration camps            such as:          • Auschwitz      ...
Entrance to the gate at      Auschwitz
Birkenau 1942
Survivors of Buchenwald
Behind the wire at Dachau
Ghettos    Jews could also be      taken to Ghettos.
GhettosA ghetto is a section of  a city in which Jews  were required to live  surrounded by walls.
Ghettos were surrounded by:•   Brick or stone walls•   Wooden fences•   Barbed wire•   Jews were under    constant watch b...
Ghetto Living Conditions            They were filled with              hunger and disease.            (Starving Jewish boy...
HITLER’SFINAL SOLUTION
“Final Solution”        The Final Solution was          a Nazi code word for          the physical          extermination ...
“Final Solution”They used many  methods to kill the  Jews such as gas  chambers and  crematories.
Why didn’t the Jews resist?  There were many reasons why    the Jews did not resist…
Why didn’t they resist?• not military prepared• were physically and spiritually weakened from  starvation and disease• cou...
Why did the Holocaust          happen?• Hitler had just taken Germany out of the  Great Depression and was regarded as  a ...
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Presentation on background information for Holocaust Unit.

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  1. 1. The Holocaust
  2. 2. Nuremberg Laws• In 1935, the Nuremberg Laws decreed that only persons of “German blood” (Aryans) could be citizens of Germany.• Non-Aryans or “impure blood” were said to be inferior status.• These laws regulated what the Jewish people could do.
  3. 3. Nuremberg Laws• These laws were meant to degrade the Jewish people. • Marriages between Jews and German blood are forbidden. • Jews are forbidden to fly the Reich or National flag.
  4. 4. Kristallnacht Kristallnacht means “the Night of Broken Glass.”
  5. 5. Kristallnacht• Jewish homes, shops, synagogues and businesses were looted and destroyed.• Thousands of Jews were arrested.• Hundreds of Jews were killed.
  6. 6. KristallnachtThousands of Jews were arrested and taken to already established concentration camps. The next step was to expel Jews from their home, isolate them in ghettos and finallyconfine them to prison and labor camps.
  7. 7. Kristallnacht
  8. 8. What is a concentration camp? Concentration camps were work or death camps located in Germany and Poland to incarcerate and exterminate Jews, Gypsies and others deemed “undesirable” by the Nazis.
  9. 9. Concentration Camps There were many concentration camps such as: • Auschwitz • Birkenau • Buchenwald • Dachau
  10. 10. Entrance to the gate at Auschwitz
  11. 11. Birkenau 1942
  12. 12. Survivors of Buchenwald
  13. 13. Behind the wire at Dachau
  14. 14. Ghettos Jews could also be taken to Ghettos.
  15. 15. GhettosA ghetto is a section of a city in which Jews were required to live surrounded by walls.
  16. 16. Ghettos were surrounded by:• Brick or stone walls• Wooden fences• Barbed wire• Jews were under constant watch by Nazi soldiers
  17. 17. Ghetto Living Conditions They were filled with hunger and disease. (Starving Jewish boy in Warsaw Ghetto 1942)
  18. 18. HITLER’SFINAL SOLUTION
  19. 19. “Final Solution” The Final Solution was a Nazi code word for the physical extermination of European Jews.
  20. 20. “Final Solution”They used many methods to kill the Jews such as gas chambers and crematories.
  21. 21. Why didn’t the Jews resist? There were many reasons why the Jews did not resist…
  22. 22. Why didn’t they resist?• not military prepared• were physically and spiritually weakened from starvation and disease• could not believe it could be so horrible and thought that the war would soon be over• instances of resistance or rebellion led to hundreds being killed
  23. 23. Why did the Holocaust happen?• Hitler had just taken Germany out of the Great Depression and was regarded as a hero.• Hilter had pure hatred for the Jews• Hitler had an ideal image of a superior German race.
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