A Theological Overview of the Person & Work of
God the Holy Spirit
PTR. BRIAN TRACY L. DOMINGUEZ, BTh., MaEd.
Elder, Hope in the Word Christian Ministries
Anno Domini October 8, 2010
Pneumatology – Πνευµατολογια
A sacred doctrinal study of the
Person and Work of the
Third Person of the
Holy Trinity, God the Holy Spirit
Holy Spirit, Truth divine,
Dawn upon this soul of mine;
Word of God and inward light,
Wake my spirit, clear my sight.
Holy Spirit, Love divine,
Glow within this heart of mine;
Kindle every high desire;
Perish self in Thy pure fire.
Holy Spirit, Power divine,
Fill and nerve this will of mine;
By Thee may I strongly live,
Bravely hear and nobly strive.
Holy Spirit, Right divine,
King within my conscience reign;
Be my Lord, and I shall be
Firmly bound, forever free.
“The dimension of His power and
presence is beyond anything else I
have ever experienced. The Holy
Spirit can take an ordinary hotel
room and transform it into a sacred
cathedral by His very presence. He
can take massive arenas or stadiums
designed for sporting events and
transform them into the Holy of
Holies—the place where God’s
presence resides and is manifest.
And in the vast expanse of that
arena, any individual who has been
touched by the presence of the Holy
Spirit can experience such dynamic
fellowship and intimacy in that
presence that all awareness of others
fades in the light of His glory.”
Luke 3:21,22 ( Καινὴ Διαθήκη)
v. 21 Εγενετο δε εν τω βαπτισθηναι απαντα τον λαον και ιησου
βαπτισθεντος και προσευχομενου ανεωχθηναι τον ουρανον
v. 22 και καταβηναι το πνευμα το αγιον σωματικω ως περιστεραν
επ αυτον και φωνην εξ ουρανου γενεσθαι συ ο υιος μου ο αγαπητος
εν σοι ευδοκησα
“Now when all the people were baptized, it came to pass, that Jesus
also being baptized, and praying,
the heaven was opened,
And the Holy Ghost descended in a bodily shape like a dove upon
him, and a voice came from heaven, which said, Thou art my
beloved Son; in thee I am well pleased.”
The Lord Jesus, who knew their thoughts, declared that
he “cast out devils by the Spirit of God” (Matthew 12:28).
• Later, the same Spirit of God came upon Saul and
caused him to prophesy (see 1 Samuel 10:10).
• He came upon Zechariah and enabled him to proclaim
the Word of the Lord (see 2 Chronicles 24:20).
• Ezekiel’s vision of the restoration of Israel was given “by
the Spirit of God” (Ezekiel 11:24).
The Spirit of God is the Spirit of prophecy. He is the
Spirit of power. And He is the Spirit of guidance. We see
this as the Scripture declares in Romans 8:14: “For as
many as are led by the Spirit of God, they are the sons of
• The psalmist prayed, “Take not thy Holy Spirit from me” (Psalm
• Mary became pregnant “with child of the Holy Ghost” (Matthew
• The Lord Jesus declared, “If ye then, being evil, know how to give
good gifts unto your children: how much more shall your heavenly
Father give the Holy Spirit to them that ask him?” (Luke 11:13).
• John the Baptist said, “He shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost
and with fire” (Matthew 3:11).
• The apostles wrote” “It seemed good to the Holy Ghost, and to
us” (Acts 15:28).
• In a passage referring to the Holy Spirit’s role in the resurrection
of the Savior, Romans 1:4 also declares Him to be “the spirit of
• Isaiah said, “When the enemy shall come in
like a flood, the Spirit of the Lord shall lift up a
standard against him” (Isaiah 59:19).
• When the Lord Jesus began His ministry, He
stood in the synagogue and quoted Isaiah
saying, “The Spirit of the Lord is upon Me”
• Paul used the same title to explain the
workings of the mighty, victorious Spirit of the
Lord, who uses His power to free us: “Now the
Lord is that Spirit” and where the Spirit of the
Lord is, there is liberty” (2 Corinthians 3:17).
• God declared through Joel that in the
last days before Christ’s return, “I will
pour out my spirit upon all flesh” (Joel
• He also warned people everywhere in
Genesis 6:3 to heed the Holy Spirit,
saying, “My spirit shall not always strive
• Zechariah reminded us that it is not by
might or power, but “by my spirit, saith
the Lord of hosts” (Zechariah 4:6).
The Word of God gives many wonderful names to the Holy Spirit, but
perhaps the most unadorned name is the most profound. He is often
referred to in the Scriptures simply as “the Spirit.”
That was the term John the Baptist used when he described what
happened at the baptism of the Lord Jesus. He said, “I saw the Spirit
descending from heaven like a dove, and it abode upon him:” (John
1:32). You might even say, the Spirit, the unique Spirit, the one and
only Spirit, for after all, in person, in work, and in our personal
experience of His indwelling, there is none like Him.
The Lord Jesus also used the same words. He declared to Nicodemus,
“Except a man be born of water and of the Spirit, he cannot enter into
the kingdom of God” (John 3:5).
Again and again, we are encouraged to “be filled with the Spirit”
(Ephesians 5:18; see Acts 9:17).
He is the Mighty Holy Spirit.
But, He is ready to be your
Παραχλετε (Greek) —your
Counselor, your Helper, your Teacher and your Guide. He
is here to be the Spirit of glory and grace, the Spirit of
wisdom and knowledge and might—the very Spirit of the
living God and of Jesus Christ in your life today.
Paul declared that those who trusted
Christ as their Savior are “sealed with the
holy Spirit of promise, which is the
earnest of our inheritance” (Ephesians
First, He is the “holy Spirit of promise.”
That is, “the promised Spirit” (see Note
12). The Lord Jesus promised in the
Upper Room Discourse that He would
send the Holy Spirit, but the Lord Jesus
made the promise in conjunction with
the Father. He is called the Holy Spirit
the One, “whom the Father will send in
my name” (John 14:26). He also said, “I
will send unto you from the Father, . . .
which proceedeth from the Father” (John
15:26). Thus the Holy Spirit was
promised by the Father as well, and is
termed in Acts 1:4, “the promise of the
Father.” Because of their faith in the
words of the Father and the Son, that
early band in Jerusalem took God at His
word and waited for the Holy Spirit. And
God did not disappoint them.
Second, the indwelling of the Holy Spirit is a promise
that one day we will receive all that has been promised
and prepared for us: a new body, a new nature, and a
new home. The Holy Spirit living within us is
demonstrating, moment by moment, that God will one
day present us with the full measure of our inheritance.
That will be a wonderful day! (in Heaven!)
The great message of the book of Acts is this:
Nothing can replace a personal relationship
with the Holy Spirit. He works so mightily in
the lives of people attuned to Him. The
Upper Room experience is wonderful, but it’s
only the first step on a road of everincreasing fellowship.
You need to know the Holy Spirit intimately,
and He longs to fellowship with you. Allow
Him now to change your hearing, your
speech, your vision, your actions, and every
part of your being. Start now to practice His
presence, and to let Him change your life.
Seek Him with your whole heart and
fellowship with Him. As you do, the glory of
His presence will touch your life, and help
you go deeper with the wonderful Holy
Spirit. When this happens, you will never be
The theology of the Holy Spirit is called Pneumatology.
The Holy Spirit is referred to as the Lord and Giver of Life in the Nicene creed
. He is The Creator Spirit, present before the creation of the universe and
through his power everything was made in Jesus Christ, by the Father,
Yahweh. He is credited as He Who inspires and allows to interpret all the
sacred scripture and leads prophets, both in Old Testament and
New Testament. By His Power, Jesus Christ was conceived virginally in the
womb of the virgin Mary.[Lk 1:35]
He descended over Jesus in a corporal way, as a dove, at the time of his
baptism,[Mt 3:16] and a voice from Heaven was heard: "You are my Beloved Son".[
He is the Sanctifier of souls, the Helper,[Jn 15:26] The Comforter,[Jn 14:16] The Giver of
graces, He Who leads souls to the Father and the Son from Whom He
proceeds (filioque doctrine).
Christians receive the Fruits of the Holy Spirit by means of his Mercy and
The Holy Spirit fills the Christian believer with power to be a witness for
Jesus, for the Glory of the Father.
Although the word Trinity is not mentioned in the Bible, we know
God is three in one. There are three very distinct Person’s that make
up the Godhead. They are all equal in every way.
They (The Father, Son and Holy Spirit) are all:
Omnipotent – All powerful. Luke 1:35 And the angel answered and
said unto her, The Holy Spirit shall come upon you, and the power of
the Highest shall overshadow you: therefore also that holy thing which
shall be born of you shall be called the Son of God.
Omnipresent – At all places at once. Psalms 139:7 Where shall I go
from your Spirit? or where shall I flee from your presence?
Omniscient – All knowing. 1 Corinthians 2:10 But God has revealed
them unto us by his Spirit: for the Spirit searches all things, yea, the
deep things of God.
Eternal - Hebrews 9:14 How much more shall the blood of Christ, who
through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God, purge
your conscience from dead works to serve the living God?
Equal - Acts 5:3-4 But Peter said, Ananias, why has Satan filled your
heart to lie to the Holy Spirit, and to keep back part of the price of the
land? While it remained, was it not your own? and after it was sold, was
it not in your own power? why have you conceived this thing in your
heart? you have not lied unto men, but unto God.
1) The Holy Spirit is God, He is part of the Holy
2) The Holy Spirit gives gifts for use in ministry
and empowers effective ministry
3) The Holy Spirit is a distinct Person (with an
identity) within the Godhead, not a force, a thing,
or an "it"
1) The Holy Spirit has intellect. 1 Corinthians 2:10 But God hath
revealed them unto us by his Spirit: for the Spirit searcheth all things,
yea, the deep things of God.
2) The Holy Spirit has knowledge. 1 Corinthians 2:11 even so the things
of God knoweth no man, but the Spirit of God.
3) The Holy Spirit has emotions. Ephesians 4:30 And grieve (lupeo
(pronounced loo-peh'-o)); to make sad or sorrowful, heavy of heart)
not the holy Spirit of God, whereby ye are sealed unto the day of
4) The Holy Spirit has his own will and he makes decisions. Acts 16:6
Now when they had gone throughout Phrygia (pronounced froog-ee'ah) and the region of Galatia, and were forbidden of the Holy Ghost to
preach the word in Asia,
5) The Holy Spirit Loves. Romans 15:30 Now I beseech you, brethren,
for the Lord Jesus Christ's sake, and for the love of the Spirit, that ye
strive together with me in your prayers to God for me;
6) He teaches you things about God and yourself. John 14:26 But the
Comforter, which is the Holy Ghost, whom the Father will send in my
name, he shall teach you all things, and bring all things to your
remembrance, whatsoever I have said unto you.
7) He tells the truth. John 15:26 But when the Comforter is come,
whom I will send unto you from the Father, even the Spirit of truth,
which proceedeth from the Father, he shall testify of me:
8) He guides. John 16:13 Howbeit when he, the Spirit of truth, is come,
he will guide you into all truth: for he shall not speak of himself; but
whatsoever he shall hear, that shall he speak: and he will shew you
things to come.
9) He convinces. John 16:8 And when he is come, he will reprove the
world of sin, and of righteousness, and of judgment:
10) He prays for you. Romans 8:26-27 Likewise the Spirit also helpeth
our infirmities: for we know not what we should pray for as we ought:
but the Spirit Himself maketh intercession for us with groanings
which cannot be uttered. And he that searcheth the hearts knoweth
what is the mind of the Spirit, because he maketh intercession for the
saints according to the will of God.
11) He commands. Acts 13:2 As they ministered to the Lord, and fasted,
the Holy Ghost said, Separate me Barnabas and Saul for the work
whereunto I have called them.
"All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for
doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in
righteousness, that the man of God may be complete, thoroughly
equipped for every good work“
(II Timothy 3:16, 17).
"Now concerning spiritual gifts, brethren, I do not want you to be
ignorant" (1 Corinthians 12:1).
"Even as the testimony to Christ was confirmed among you - so
that you are not lacking in any spiritual gift, as you wait for the
coming of our Lord Jesus Christ" (1 Corinthians 1:6,7).
Baptism Unto Power
Baptism In The Holy
-- Holy Spirit
-- Body of Christ
Purpose -- Newness of Life
Evidence -- Fruits of the
"For by one spirit we were all
baptized into one body whether Jews or Greeks,
whether slaves or free - and
have all been made to drink in
one spirit" (1 Corinthians 12:13).
"For you are all sons of God
through faith in Christ
Jesus. For as many of you as
were baptized into Christ have
put on Christ" (Galatians
-- Holy Spirit
Purpose -- Power to Witness
Evidence -- Gifts of the Holy Spirit
John answered, saying, to all "I indeed
baptize you with water; but one mightier
than I is coming, whose sandal strap I
am not worthy to loose. He will baptize
you with the Holy Spirit and fire" (Luke
And John bore witness, saying, "I saw the
Spirit descending from heaven like a
dove, and he remained upon him. I did
not know him, but he who sent me to
baptize with water said to me, "Upon
whom you see the Spirit descending, and
remaining on him, this is he who
baptizes with the Holy Spirit." And I
have seen and testified that this is the
Son of God" (John 1:32-34)!
The initial physical evidence of the Baptism in the Holy Spirit.
Acts Chapter 2
"And it happened, while Apollos was at Corinth, that Paul,
having passed through the upper regions, came to Ephesus.
And finding some disciples he said to them, "Did you receive
the Holy Spirit when you believed?" So they said to him, "We
have not so much as heard whether there is a Holy Spirit."
And he said to them, "Into what then were you baptized?" So
they said, "Into John's baptism."
Then Paul said, "John indeed baptized with a baptism of
repentance, saying to the people that they should believe on
Him who would come after him, that is, on Christ Jesus."
When they heard this, they were baptized in the name of the
Lord Jesus. And when Paul had laid hands on them, the Holy
Spirit came upon them, and they spoke with tongues and
prophesied. Now the men were about twelve in all“.
You speak to God.
"For he who speaks in a tongue does not speak to men but to God,
for no one understands him; however, in the spirit he speaks
mysteries" (1 Corinthians 14:2).
You are edified or charged up spiritually.
"He who speaks in a tongue edifies himself, but he who prophesies
edifies the church" (1 Corinthians 14:4).
"But you, beloved, building yourselves up on your most holy faith,
praying in the Holy Spirit," (Jude 1:20).
You are to pray --- sing in your prayer language.
"For if I pray in a tongue, my spirit prays, but my understanding is
unfruitful. What is the conclusion then? I will pray with the
spirit, and I will also pray with the understanding. I will sing
with the spirit, and I will also sing with the understanding" (1
When you put on the armor of God, you are instructed to pray in
your prayer language (praying in tongues).
"Finally, my brethren, be strong in the Lord and in the power of His
might. Put on the whole armor of God, that you may be able to stand
against the wiles of the devil. For we do not wrestle against flesh and
blood, but against principalities, against powers, against the rulers of
the darkness of this age, against spiritual hosts of wickedness in the
heavenly places. Therefore take up the whole armor of God, that you
may be able to withstand in the evil day, and having done all, to stand.
Stand therefore, having girded your waist with truth, having put on
the breastplate of righteousness, and having shod your feet with the
preparation of the gospel of peace; above all, taking the shield of faith
with which you will be able to quench all the fiery darts of the wicked
one. And take the helmet of salvation, and the sword of the Spirit,
which is the word of God; praying always with all prayer and
supplication in the Spirit, being watchful to this end with all
perseverance and supplication for all the saints" (Ephesians 6:10-18).
When you don't know how to pray properly about
a situation, you can pray in the Spirit.
"Likewise the Spirit also helps in our weaknesses. For
we do not know what we should pray for as we ought,
but the Spirit Himself makes intercession for us with
groanings which cannot be uttered. Now He who
searches the hearts knows what the mind of the Spirit
is, because He makes intercession for the saints
according to the will of God" (Romans 8:26,27).
You may be used in the gifts of the Spirit.
"Now concerning spiritual gifts, brethren, I do not want you to be
ignorant: you know that you were Gentiles, carried away to these
dumb idols, however you were led. Therefore I make known to you
that no one speaking by the Spirit of God calls Jesus accursed, and no
one can say that Jesus is Lord except by the Holy Spirit. There are
diversities of gifts, but the same Spirit.
There are differences of ministries, but the same Lord. And there are
diversities of activities, but it is the same God who works all in all. But
the manifestation of the Spirit is given to each one for the profit of all:
for to one is given the word of wisdom through the Spirit, to another
the word of knowledge through the same Spirit, to another faith by
the same Spirit, to another gifts of healings by the same Spirit, to
another the working of miracles, to another prophecy, to another
discerning of spirits, to another different kinds of tongues, to another
the interpretation of tongues. But one and the same Spirit works all
these things, distributing to each one individually as He wills" (1
You may be used in a church in a ministry gift.
"And God has appointed these in the church: first
apostles, second prophets, third teachers, after that
miracles, then gifts of healings, helps,
administrations, varieties of tongues. Are all apostles?
Are all prophets? Are all teachers? Are all workers of
miracles? Do all have gifts of healings? Do all speak
with tongues? Do all interpret? But earnestly desire
the best gifts. And yet I show you a more excellent
way" (1 Corinthians 12:28-31).
Many writings of the early church fathers are available to us today,
sharing about the gifts of the Spirit in their ministries and in the
churches. Tertullian, Hilary, Cyril, Basil, Gregory, Nazianzus, John of
Apamea, Joseph Hazzaya and others down through the centuries.
St. Augustine , the great Catholic bishop from 396-430 A.D., near the
end of his life, wrote in his famous work The City of God, "We shall do
what the apostles did when they laid hands on the Samaritians and
called down the Holy Spirit on them by the laying on of hands. It is
expected that new converts speak with new tongues.“
The eleventh edition of Encyclopedia Britannica, Volume 27, pages
9,10 states that speaking in tongues recurs in Christian revivals of
every age. It names many groups from the different ages.
In 1906 we had the Azusa Street, California revival that spread
worldwide. From this revival, many Pentecostal denominations were
formed. Then in the 1970's and the 1980's the Charismatic renewal
broke out in all major denominational churches.
David Barrett's World Christian Encyclopedia gives an estimate of
523,700,000 as the Pentecostal / Charismatic Christian World
population (Second Edition, Oxford, 2000).
(a.k.a.) Charismatic Christians
The distinctive belief of Pentecostals and
Charismatics alike is the baptism of the Holy
Spirit as a subsequent act of grace (after one’s
salvation), manifested in tongues-speaking.
That is, a Christian might be “saved” without
being “baptized in the Spirit,” and when one
receives that baptism, he or she speaks in
Pentecostals and Charismatics also believe
that all the spiritual gifts mentioned in the New
Testament are still distributed among modern
believers, including the gifts of healing,
tongues, interpretation of tongues, and
In fact, healing is a key feature of Pentecostal
theology, seen as part of Christ’s atonement
for us. “By his stripes we are healed,” the Bible
says (Isaiah 53:5). Pentecostals take that to
mean that we have a God-given right to be
Worship in Pentecostal/Charismatic churches
has always been characterized by joy and
deep emotional release. These qualities
began to spread to other churches. The
Christian music industry carved out a whole
new niche, “praise and worship,” which
included many Charismatic artists. Meanwhile,
more and more churches were adopting
“contemporary worship” styles, with praise
bands and modern worship songs involving
Water - signifies the Holy Spirit's action in Baptism, such that in the manner
that "by one Spirit [believers] were all baptized", so they are "made to drink of
one Spirit".[1Cor 12:13] Thus the Spirit is also personally the living water welling up
from Christ crucified[Jn 19:34] [1 Jn 5:8] as its source and welling up in Christians to
Anointing - The symbolism of anointing with oil also signifies the Holy Spirit,
to the point of becoming a synonym for the Holy Spirit. The coming of the
Spirit is referred to as his "anointing".[2Cor 1:21] In some denominations anointing is
practiced in Confirmation; ("chrismation" in the Eastern Churches). Its full
force can be grasped only in relation to the primary anointing accomplished
by the Holy Spirit, that of Jesus. Christ (in Hebrew, messiah) means the one
"anointed" by God's Spirit.
Fire - symbolizes the transforming energy of the Holy Spirit's actions. In the
form of tongues "as of fire", the Holy Spirit rested on the disciples on the
morning of Pentecost.
Cloud and light - The Spirit comes upon the Virgin Mary and "overshadows"
her, so that she might conceive and give birth to Jesus. On the mountain of
transfiguration, the Spirit in the "cloud came and overshadowed" Jesus, Moses
and Elijah, Peter, James and John, and "a voice came out of the cloud, saying,
'This is my Son, my Chosen; listen to him!'"[Lk 9:34-35]
The dove. When Christ comes up from the water of his baptism, the Holy
Spirit, in the form of a dove, comes down upon him and remains with him.[Mt
Wind The Spirit is likened to the "wind that blows where it will,"[Jn 3:8] and
described as "a sound from heaven like the rush of a mighty wind."[Acts 2:24]