What is corruption? Corruption is wrongdoing on the part of an authority or powerful party through means that are illegitimate, immoral, or incompatible with ethical standards. Corruption often from patronage and is associated with bribery.
What are the types of corruption? Petty corruption State capture The following are the most common forms of corruption, as described in the United Nation Anti- corruption Toolkit: Bribery Embezzlement, theft and fraud Extortion Abuse of discretion Favouritism, nepotism and clientelism Conduct creating or exploiting conflicting interests Improper political contributions
What are the common characteristics of corruption? 1.Gap between group and individual interest 2. Two or more parties since one can hardly be corrupt with one’s own self 3. Consenting adults that have a common understanding 4. Benefit furtherance 5. Existence of power that could be grabbed, usurped, entrusted or otherwise available 6. Misuseof the power that often drives a wedge between intended and stated positions, for unintended benefits
Has globalization increased the risk of corruption? Globalization has increased the risk ofcorruption but has also increased theopportunities to curb it
What role can the media play in tackling corruption? The media can serve many important functions, not just exposing corruption but also sustaining an open and transparent flow of information and fostering a climate of opinion that is increasingly intolerant of corruption
What should governments do tomake anti-corruption agencies effective? An important factor is where the anti-corruptionagency (ACA) or KPK is located in government; if itreports to the office of the prime minister, forexample, it can be used as a weapon against politicalopponents. Ideally the KPK should be a completelyindependent body.
There are a number of common options from the Reports seven-point agenda which can make anti-corruption agencies more effective: Join with international efforts Establish benchmarks of quality Strengthen the civil service Encourage codes of conduct in the private sector Establish the right to information Exploit new technology Support citizen action
Impact Of Corruption- Hinders social and economic development andincreases poverty by diverting domestic and foreigninvestment away from where it are most needed;- Weakens education and health systems, deprivingpeople of the basic building blocks of a decent life;- Undermines democracy by distorting electoralprocesses and undermining government institutions,which can lead to political instability;- Exacerbates inequality and injustice by pervertingthe rule of law and punishing victims of crimethrough corrupt rulings
How to remove corruption laws fixing accountability and encouragingtransparency combined with efficient judiciaryand free press provide ideal atmosphere totackle the menace of corruption.
Conclution Coruption, as we know is the criminal thing that do by a person in a certain capacity especially with negative connotation, they do the illegal thing to make a benefit for them self. We can difference coruption into 2 calsses. First is Petty corruption, its a kind of coruption where did by some people in a little capacity, they do a little coruption, but they do that many times. The other cases of coruption is State capture refers to a situation in which private interest has effectively taken over certain state functions, a type of corruption generally less understood by the public or by the media.
Conclution So, coruption is an illegal thing that we couldn’t do, because, with out coruption we can be a good generetion for our country. And then we can make our country clear from coruption and make our country better.
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