Environmental Services; Lessons from the Andes CPWF?J.Rubiano (firstname.lastname@example.org) and K. PallarisCondesan Consultants
Introduction CPWF supported a number of research projects in different themes that emerged in parallel with the efforts to implement Environmental Services by the GTZ-CAP. Targeted a range of different basins in the Andes, including Central America and many other in the World. Lessons presented here derive from projects PN15 (Quesungual), PN20 (SCALES) and PN22 (ENV. SERV.) but other projects in the region will be incorporated.
Objectives Among several of the questions raised in a synthesis of project findings, we would like to know: What are the lessons to be learnt from the CPWF funded projects on Environmental Services What do these tell us about the potential to scale-up and introduce PES programs in the region and elsewhere.
Key components addressed by these frameworks In summary key themes include: Livelihood Assessment Biophysical analysis Legal context Buyer/Seller profiles Cost Benefit/Economics Monitoring and Regulation *
Warning Questions Is the framework for assessing the feasibility for PES to help design its implementation easy to apply and repeatable Can the metrics that determine success be quantified? Is the complexity and diversity in assessment criteria a constraint to using a synthesized framework?
Source documentation for the synthesis Quintero, M.; Estrada, R.D. Pago por servicios ambientales en Latinoamérica y sus perspectivas en los Andes. Agosto 2006 Diaz, A. M.; Estrada, R. D. Un mecanismo para promover desarrollo rural en los Andes (PN22). Octubre 2006. Castro, A. et al. Improving the efficiency of rainwater use in small holder farms in sub-humid tropics; agricultural and environmental benefits of Quesungual agro forestry system. PN 20 - Sustaining inclusive Collective Action that Links across Economic and Ecological Scales in upper watersheds (SCALES) Asquith, N.M.; Wunder, S.; eds. Payments for watershed services: the Bellagio conversations Fundación Natura Bolivia, Santa Cruz, Bolivia. 2008 Lopa, D.M.; Ellis-Jones, M. Equitable payments for watershed services; feasibility study methodology “a business case approach”. WWF-CARE February 2008. Wunder, S. CIFOR Occasional Paper No. 42. Payments for environmental services: Some nuts and bolts. 2005. The Katoomba Group, UNEP; Payments for ecosystem services; getting started: A Primer. May 2008 Rivera P, Mariela. 2008. Determinación De La Dinámica Del Agua En El Sistema Agroforestal Quesungual E Identificación De Factores Suelo-Planta Para El Mejoramiento De La Productividad Del Agua En Los Cultivos. PhD Tesis (draft)
Initial Findings & Conclusions CPWF projects did not set out to implement a PES according to any framework but contributed key findings around each framework component
PN15 Lessons & Potential Niche land management approach with potential to becoming a paying service The scientific evidence linked the potential service to improvements resulting in word of mouth spread Lesson, important it is to establish the biophysical assessment as a first step for carrying out PES feasibility
PN20 Lessons and Potential Contributed greatest by illustrating their approach to livelihood assessment and institutional legal framework assessments. Is there potential for these to become embedded PES user guide toolkits? Lessons, showed that it is not only important to make the initial assessment or to trigger engagement, but to find ways to sustain that engagement, either through continued funding or through the presented 6th operating principle.