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SHEHERAZADE was a viziers daughter and when she besought her father to wed her to King Shahriar it was cause for grief to the vizier. For each day was it Shahriars wont to put to death his bride of the day before. It befell, however, that Sheherazade had herwill. As she had hoped, the king was wakeful and to beguile him she began a story of magic. Dawn broke before she hadfinished, and so eager was Shahriar to hear it all that he gave no order for her execution.
For a thousand and one nights did this befall whileSheherazade told tales of love, war, and sorcery, ofkings, beggars, and rogues, of lands wherediamonds were more plentiful than pebbles andbigger than eggs, of intrigues in the lanes andbazaars of Oriental cities. In towns and desertsand far islands did necromancers work their wills.Horses flew; dogs talked; mermaidens andcreatures greater than whales peopled the deeps;ogres and enormous apes crept out of forests;birds so great that their wings darkened the dayswooped from the skies.
Here too were lovers in palaces and hovels,bold and cowardly, yet all so enamoured thatthey swooned at the very thought of thebeloved. Underlying all was the colorfulOrient, with barbers and porters jostlingcaliphs and princesses in the thronged andpicturesque lanes of three cities whose verynames conjure up romance-Bagdad, Cairo,and Damascus.
Now these are the best liked of Sheherazadestales : THE STORY OF ALADDINS LAMP OfAladdin, son of a poor tailor in China, aprankish scamp. An African magician guidedhim to a subterranean cave where he foundthe lamp that summoned the genie. Out ofnothingness did this genie spread banquetsfor Aladdin and robe him in rich raiment.
He provided him retinues of slaves, bearing basinsheaped high with precious stones, who carried to theking Aladdins suppliance for the hand of the beautifulPrincess Badroulboudour. In a night did the genie raisea palace of glowing wonders, of shining marble andgold and silver, with windows incrusted with diamonds,emeralds, and rubies, with fragrant gardens and opencourts. So Aladdin married the princess and they knewgreat joy. But the magician returned, stole the lamp,and in a trice transported the palace and the princessto Africa. Then was Aladdin woeful, but by magic hefound his beloved, poisoned the magician, seized the]amp, and came to China, where he andBadroulboudour lived happily ever afterward.
THE STORY OF SINBAD Of Sinbad the sailorand his marvelous voyages. Wherein it is.related that Sinbad landed upon what seemedan island, but which was a great fish that sankinto the sea. And of other voyages and greaterwonders, of which one marvels most at theadventure with the roc, the bird so huge thatit feeds its young with elephants.
Sinbad had fastened himself to the rocs leg and itbore him to an impenetrable valley strewn withprecious stones, from which he escaped bybinding himself to a sheeps carcass and wasborne away by a vulture. And of the giant whoroasted men and whom Sinbad blinded with ared-hot iron. And of the terrible Old Man of theSea who sat upon Sinbads shoulders and couldnot be shaken off until he was intoxicated withwine and Sinbad slew him.
THE STORY OF THE FORTY THIEVES Of Ali Babaand his discovery of the stone that swungwide when a voice cried "Open, Sesame!" Inthe cave was the booty of forty thieves and AliBaba took home sacks bulging with gold andsilver. The robbers traced him, and in the guiseof a merchant the captain lodged with him.
• In the yard were stored great jars, one filled with oil and the others concealing the thieves. Ill would it have fared with Ali Baba had not Morgiana, a cunning slave, detected the trick and with boiling oil scalded to death the wicked miscreants. The captain escaped, but returned in a new disguise, and again did Morgiana save her master by stabbing his enemy. So Ali Baba married her to his son and he lived joyously upon treasures from the cave.
MANY OTHER FASCINATING STORIES Of theMagic Horse of ebony and ivory, so fashionedthat its rider, by pressing divers buttons, couldfly whither he willed. It bore a Persian princeto a great palace in a metropolis girt aboutwith greenery.
There he looked into the eyes of a princessand they were enraptured. It befell that theyrode away on the Magic Horse, but beforethey were wed an evil man abducted theprincess. The disconsolate prince wanderedfar and at last he found her whom he loved,and again they journeyed through the air tohis home, where they were married withexceeding pomp and lived happily.
Of a poor fisherman who drew his net fromthe sea and found therein but a brass bottle.He cut open the top and there streamed fortha cloud of smoke. It collected, and, behold! itwas a genie, so huge that his head was in theclouds. He would have killed his rescuer hadnot the wily fisherman insisted that nevercould he have come from the bottle.
•• The silly genie squeezed himself inside, whereupon the fisherman clapped on the top, nor would he remove it until the genie swore to serve him faithfully. This oath it was that led to the finding of the ensorcelled prince with legs turned to stone and the lake wherein swam fish of four colors that had once been men. After marvelous happenings, the prince was made as other men and the fish were men and women. And the fisherman was so rewarded that he was the wealthiest man of his time.
Of Prince Camaralzaman and the PrincessBadoura, beautiful beyond compare, and ofhow each saw the other in sleep and wassmitten with great love. But when theyawakened they saw not each other, for theyhad been brought together by genii who hadcarried Badoura out of China to the confinesof Persia. Grief so afflicted both that theysickened and were insane from sorrow
Then a messenger from Badoura journeyed farover land and sea until he foundCamaralzaman and returned with him toChina, where the lovers were wedded. Butwhile they were traveling to Camaral- zamansland he wandered away. Badoura dressedherself in his raiment and passed herself for aman. It befell that she found favor in the eyesof a king and was married to a princess.
And Camaralzaman too came to this land andknew not his wife, who heaped honors uponhim. At last she revealed herself and wasknown as a woman and Camaralzaman tookalso to wife the princess whom Badoura hadmarried and they were happy together.
Of a merchant who, awaiting death at thehands of a cruel genie, was joined by three oldmen, one leading a gazelle, another two blackhounds, and the third a mule. Now it is relatedthat the gazelle and the mule had been wickedwives transformed by magic, and likewise hadthe hounds been evil brothers. When thegenie was told these stories ofenchantment, he was so diverted that hespared the merchants life.
ABOUT HARUN-AL-RASHID And of many talesconcerning the Caliph Harun-al-Rashid and hisgoing disguised into the lanes and bazaars ofBagdad, where he chanced upon strangepeople who told him strange stories of magic.Once he supped with three ladies of dazzlingbeauty, and with him were a porter dazedwith the magnificence he saw, and threemendicants, sons of kings, all blind in the lefteye.
Not knowing the caliph, they told of theirfantastic adventures and sufferings and herewarded them. And again he encountered abeggar who implored him to strike him, ayouth who spurred cruelly a mare upon whichhe rode, and a rope-maker who had risensuddenly from poverty to affluence. Theirtales, too, did he hear and them, too, did hereward.
Nor should Abou-Hassan the Wag beforgotten, whose trickery in pretending thathe and his wife were dead won so much goldand so many laughs from the caliph. And oflike import is the mad tale of the humpbackwho seemed dead and of the talkative barberwho restored him to life, of all those who hadbelieved themselves murderers of thehumpback and of the amazing tales that theyrelated.
So it came to pass that by the end of thethousand and one nights Shahriar so de-lighted in the cleverness of Sheherazade thathe wedded her again with regal pomp andthey lived happily ever after.