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Pablo neruda σφαντού αναστασία
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Pablo neruda σφαντού αναστασία

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  • 1. Pablo Neruda(1904-1971) Born in Parral, Chile, on July 12, 1904, poet Pablo Neruda stirred controversy with his affiliation with the Communist Party and his outspoken support of Joseph Stallin, Fulgencio Batista and Fidel Castro, but his poetic mastery was never in doubt, and for it he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1971. At the early age of thirteen he began to contribute some articles to the daily "La Mañana", among them, Entusiasmo y Perseverancia - his first publication - and his first poem. In 1920, he became a contributor to the literary journal "Selva Austral" under the pen name of Pablo Neruda, which he adopted in memory of the Czechoslovak poet Jan Neruda (1834-1891). Some of the poems Neruda wrote at that time are to be found in his first published book:Crepusculario (1923). The following year saw the publication of Veinte poemas de amor y una cancion desesperada, one of his bestknown and most translated works.
  • 2. Early Life Pablo Neruda was born Ricardo Eliecer Neftalí Reyes Basoalto in the Chilean town of Parral in 1904. His father worked for the railroad, and his mother was a teacher (she died shortly after his birth). At age 13, he began his literary career as a contributor to the daily La Mañana, where he published his first articles and poems. In 1920, he contributed to the literary journal Selva Australunder the pen name Pablo Neruda, which he assumed in honor of Czech poet Jan Neruda. Growing Popularity Some of his early poems are found in his first book, Crepusculario (Book of Twilight), published in 1923, and one of his most renowned works, Veinte poemas de amor y una canción desesperada (Twenty Love Poems and a Song of Despair), was published the following year. Twenty Love Poemsmade Neruda a celebrity, and he thereafter devoted himself to his poetry. Diplomatic Career In 1927, Neruda began his long diplomatic career (in the Latin American tradition of honoring poets with diplomatic posts), and he moved frequently around the world. In 1935, the Spanish Civil War began, and Neruda chronicled the atrocities, including the execution of his friend, Federico Lorca in his España en el corazón (Spain in Our Hearts). Over the next 10 years, Neruda would leave and return to Chile several times. Along the way, he was named Chile's consul to Mexico and won election to the Chilean Senate. He would also begin to attract controversy, first with his praise of Joseph Stallin (in poems such as "Canto a Stalingrado" and "Nuevo canto de amor a Stalingrado") and later for his poetry honoring Fulgenio Batista("Saludo a Batista") and Fidel Castro. Always left-leaning, Neruda joined the Communist Party of Chile in 1945, but by 1948 the Communist Party was under siege, and
  • 3. Neruda fled the country with his family. In 1952, the Chilean government withdrew its order to seize leftist writers and political figures, and Neruda returned to Chile once again. Accomplishments and Death For the next 21 years, Pablo Neruda continued to write prodigiously (the collection of his complete works, which is continually being republished, filled 459 pages in 1951; by 1968 it amounted to 3,237 pages, in two volumes), rising in the ranks of 20th century poets. He also received numerous prestigious awards, including the International Peace Prize in 1950, the Lenin Peace Prize and the Stalin Peace Prize in 1953, and the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1971. Neruda died just two years after receiving his Nobel Prize on September 23, 1973, in Samtiago, Chile.
  • 4. Poem La Carta En El Camino Adiós, pero conmigo serás, irás adentro de una gota de sangre que circule en mis venas o fuera, beso que me abrasa el rostro o cinturón de fuego en mi cintura. Dulce mía, recibe el gran amor que salió de mi vida y que en ti no encontraba territorio como el explorador perdido en las islas del pan y de la miel. Yo te encontré después de la tormenta, la lluvia lavó el aire y en el agua tus dulces pies brillaron como peces. Adorada, me voy a mis combates. Arañaré la tierra para hacerte una cueva y allí tu Capitán te esperará con flores en el lecho. No pienses más, mi dulce, en el tormento
  • 5. que pasó entre nosotros como un rayo de fósforo dejándonos tal vez su quemadura. La paz llegó también porque regreso a luchar a mi tierra, y como tengo el corazón completo con la parte de sangre que me diste para siempre, y como llevo las manos llenas de tu ser desnudo, mírame, mírame por el mar, que voy radiante, mírame por la noche que navego, y mar y noche son los ojos tuyos. No he salido de ti cuando me alejo. Ahora voy a contarte: mi tierra será tuya, yo voy a conquistarla, no sólo para dártela, sino que para todos, para todo mi pueblo. Saldrá el ladrón de su torre algún día.