INTRODUCTIONTO UNDERSTAND THE PERCEPTION WE AREGOING TO DO A TOUR OF THE BRAIN:a) The brainstem is responsible for basic life support and controls heart rate and breathing, temperature and the digestion process.b) The cerebellum responsible for poise, balance and body positionc) Occipital lobe made up visual processing areas.d) The left temporal lobe dealing with sounde) The parietal lobe mainly with functions connected with movements, orientation and recognitionf) The frontal lobesdeal with the most integrated brain functions such as thinking, conceptualising and planning.
SENSATION, PERCEPTION AND COGNITION Sensation is the process through which sensory receptors detect information and transmit this information to our brains. Perception is the bridge between our concious mind and thte external world. Cognition is knowing through the formation, memorisation, and recall of ideas.
PERCEPTUAL SYSTEMIt has five functions: Inform Localise Determine Extract RetainDebate: innate/experienceInformation about changes in the environment arecontinuously being sent to the CNS.
MILESTONES BIRTH -Recognice mother’s voice -Her eyes follows something -She turns her head towards a light
MILESTONES ONE MONTH - She can focus on things about 20-25 cm away. -Tracking. - She can turn her head when she hears a noise
MILESTONES 3 MONTHS -She responds when she hears her name -Stephanie turns her head when someone else talks too. -She can recognice her mother’s face in a photo. -She discovers her own hands.
MILESTONES6 MONTHS - When her toys disapears she tries to find them. -She is starting to make sounds. -She has discovered herself in the mirror.
MILESTONES9 MONTHS -Her vocabulary is growing -She inmediatly stretches out to grap a small toy. -When she is finished with the toy, she has to just drop it.
MILESTONES12 MONTHS -She knows her own name. -Stephanie recognices familiar sounds. -She is getting to know different tastes. -she has an excellent visual memory.
QUESTIONS1. WICH IS THE FUCTION OF THE CEREBELLUM? a)it’s responsible for poise, balance and body. b)it controls heart rate and breathing. c)it controls the movements d) a and b are corrects
QUESTIONS2. WHEN THE BABY CAN RECOGNICE HIMSELF IN A MIRROR? a) at 3 months b) at 6 months c) at 9 months d) at 12 months
QUESTIONS 3. WICH OF THESE FUNCTIONS DOESN’T FULFILL THE PERCEPTUAL SYSTEM? a)they localise where objects are b)they determine what objects are c)they extract the relevant information from that received d)they formulate a response