ELECTRONIC WASTE SOP GROUP 7 ANSHAD K JARIN JOHN MOHAMED FARHAN NEETHU DINESH RINY RAJU SREELAL
INTRODUCTIONE-WASTE Waste electrical and electronic equipment Improperly disposed electronics Includes electronic products such as computers, computer peripherals,televisions,VCRs,DVD,Players,stereo equipment, hand cell phones etc. E-waste contains harmful toxic substancesImport of e-waste developed countries to developing countries
E-WASTE INDIAN SCENARIOE- waste market is unorganizedMunicipal wasteUnskilled workers, absence of adequate technology, improper handlingMore focused on profitNo mechanism to check the flow of E- waste0.1-0.2% municipal wasteBusiness accounts for 78%800000 tone E- waste is generated in 2012Sale of computer & laptop has been grown 18% in 09-10Self organizedReasons for E- waste generation
E-WASTE MANAGEMENTRecyclingProcessing techniquesBenefits of recycling
RECYCLINGKey components of modern waste reductionThird component of the “reduce,reuse,recycle” waste hierarchyISO standards relating to recycling; ISO 15270:2008 - Plastic waste ISO 14001:2004 - environmental management control of recycling practiceRecycling consumer waste • Collection • Drop-off centers • Buy-back centers • Curbside collection • Sorting
BENEFITS OF RECYCLINGEffective solution to the growing e-wasteproblem Reduces the amount of green gas emission Pollution caused by hazardous disposal isavoided
PROCESSING TECHNIQUEDISMANTLING • To disassemble or to tear downREUSE • Use an item more than once
HOW E-WASTE AFFECTS OUR ENVIRONMENT? It has become a uncontrollable issue Contaminated leachates pollute the ground water Uncontrolled burning and disposal are environment problems Causes acidification of soil Not only leaching of the mercury poses serious problems
HAZARDOUS ELEMENTS IN E WASTESulphurLeadBerylliumLeadBariumCadmiumMercury
HOW E-WASTE AFFECTS OUR HEALTHSeveral health issues associated with the toxins found in the e wasteDamages kidney & liverCause retardation, high blood pressureDisrupts endocrine system functionsCause eye and throat irritation
LAWS AND RULES BY GOVERNMENT OF INDIAE-waste (management & handling) rules 2011 These shall apply to: • Producer, consumer or bulk consumers involved in the manufacture • Sale, purchase and processing of electrical and electronic equipment • Collection centers, dismantles and recycles of e-waste
AUTHORISATION DEALING WITH LAWSCentral Pollution Control Board, DelhiState Pollution Control Board/ Committees Of Union TerritoriesUrban Local Bodies(Municipal Committee/Council)
GLOBAL ORGANISATIONS STEP(Solve The E-waste Problem)•Initiative in late 2004 which has grown to a 50+ members initiative today• Includes member from industry, international organizations, governments, NGO’s etc. Address The Mess. Com•Increasing the awareness•Encourage recycling•Utilization of renewable energy and carbon offsets
Silicon Valley Toxics(svtc.org)•Promoting human health and addresses environmental justiceBasel Action Network(ban.org)•Addressing global environmental injustices•Economic inefficiency of toxic trade•Promoting sustainable solutions and attempts to ban waste trade•Works for human rights and environmentThe World Reuse, Repair And Recycling Association•Improving the quality of exported electronics•Improving trade practices through fair trade principles•Encouraging letter recycling standard.
CONCLUSIONWHAT CAN CONSUMERS DO? Keep your old electronics longer instead of replacing them. If discarding old electronics, be sure to recycle them at a trusted recycling center Purchase electronics that do not contain hazardous materials
WHAT CAN PRODUCERS DO? Extended producer responsibility Design for environment Take back offer & incentives
WHAT CAN GOVTS/REGULATORS DO? Provide subsidy for e-cycling to producers Keep track of collection & recycling Regulate recyclers Create public awareness Eco-labeling
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