POPULATION:A group of individuals or items that share one or more characteristics from which data can be gathered and ana...
Factors affecting Population          Growth RatesPopulation growth depends on rates ofbirth, death, immigration, and emig...
    There are just three sources of change in population     size —1.   Fertility2.   Mortality     ―Natural Decrease" re...
 The   process of collecting demographic, economic and social data about each inhabitant of a country or territory at a d...
 In   1849-”QUINQEUNIAL” First   of this return-1851-52 Second-1856-57 Third     -1861-62 Last      -1866-67 First  ...
 Data   collected by enumerators Information   collected is kept as confidential Conducted   in 2 phases:1st phase:- ho...
 15th   Indian National Census Largest    census in Indian history 1st   phase : - 1st April 2010 2nd   phase: - 9th -...
Indias Population 2011Current Population of India in 2011                   1,210,193,422 (1.21 billion)Total Male Populat...
 Current   world population :- 6.94 billion World’s   current population growth rate:-1.3% World’s   population grows –...
The 10 countries largest with total population
ESTIMATED WORLD POPULATION
 Increase     in food production and distribution Improvement       in public health Advancements       in medical tech...
 Increase   in availability of labour Increased   innovation Technological    advancement Increased   productivity Im...
 Aggrevates    poverty Increase   in unemployment Results   in food crisis Increase   in consumption & wastage Man   ...
 Excess    migration to cities Increase   in urban slums Depresses    savings Results   in brain drain Decreases    s...
 Introduced   various family planning programs Started   govt funded agencies on promoting family  planning programs Cr...
   Women empowerment   Establishment of compulsory learning in institutions   Freely inflate the money supply   Popula...
 Raising   of age for marriage for males and  females. Making available of various methods of birth  control. Setting u...
Overpopulation is a hindrance in the path of India’s economic      development.     Family      planning awareness should ...
“CONTROLLED POPULATION GROWTH IS A DRIVEN FORCE FOR ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT. BUT, IF IT IS UNCONTROLLED IT WILL BE A DISASTER...
Population growth and
Population growth and
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Population growth and

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Population growth and

  1. 1. POPULATION:A group of individuals or items that share one or more characteristics from which data can be gathered and analyzed.POPULATION GROWTH: Change in population over a period of time.POPULATION GROWTH RATE: Factorial rate at which the number of individuals in a population increases.GROWTH RATIO = GROWTH RATE * 100
  2. 2. Factors affecting Population Growth RatesPopulation growth depends on rates ofbirth, death, immigration, and emigration. (birth rate + immigration rate) – (death rate + emigration rate) = population growth rate
  3. 3.  There are just three sources of change in population size —1. Fertility2. Mortality ―Natural Decrease" refers to population decline resulting from more deaths than births3. Migration Net migration is the number of immigrants minus emigrants
  4. 4.  The process of collecting demographic, economic and social data about each inhabitant of a country or territory at a definite time or period Taken in every 10 years Most credible source of information Provides valuable information for planning & policy formulation
  5. 5.  In 1849-”QUINQEUNIAL” First of this return-1851-52 Second-1856-57 Third -1861-62 Last -1866-67 First Quinqeunial census-1871 First complete census-1881
  6. 6.  Data collected by enumerators Information collected is kept as confidential Conducted in 2 phases:1st phase:- house listing & housing census2nd phase:- Population enumeration
  7. 7.  15th Indian National Census Largest census in Indian history 1st phase : - 1st April 2010 2nd phase: - 9th -28th Feb 2011 Provisional reports released on 31st march 2011 Current Indian population :- 1.21 billion
  8. 8. Indias Population 2011Current Population of India in 2011 1,210,193,422 (1.21 billion)Total Male Population in India 623,700,000 (623.7 million)Total Female Population in India 586,500,000 (586.5 million)Sex Ratio 940 females per 1,000 malesAge structure0 to 25 years 50% of Indias current populationCurrently, there are about 51 births in India in a minute.Indias Population in 2001 1.02 billionPopulation of India in 1947 350 million
  9. 9.  Current world population :- 6.94 billion World’s current population growth rate:-1.3% World’s population grows – 80 million each year By 2050:- 9 billion China :- Most populous (19.4%) India :- 2nd populous (17%)
  10. 10. The 10 countries largest with total population
  11. 11. ESTIMATED WORLD POPULATION
  12. 12.  Increase in food production and distribution Improvement in public health Advancements in medical technology High birth rate and low death rate Decline of infant mortality rate Lack of public awareness Illiteracy ignorance and superstitions Attitude towards male child
  13. 13.  Increase in availability of labour Increased innovation Technological advancement Increased productivity Improvement in trade structure Increase in per capita income
  14. 14.  Aggrevates poverty Increase in unemployment Results in food crisis Increase in consumption & wastage Man to land ratio decreases Tremendous pressure on natural resources
  15. 15.  Excess migration to cities Increase in urban slums Depresses savings Results in brain drain Decreases standard of living Causes many social evils
  16. 16.  Introduced various family planning programs Started govt funded agencies on promoting family planning programs Creating awareness programs Emphasis on women employment and education Motivation through persuasion and incentive to adopt small family norms
  17. 17.  Women empowerment Establishment of compulsory learning in institutions Freely inflate the money supply Popularize population control programs in various private enterprises Adoption of ‘ A Child per Couple’ policy Educate people in rural areas
  18. 18.  Raising of age for marriage for males and females. Making available of various methods of birth control. Setting up of training centers and research centers. Involvement of people, private agencies & panchayat in welfare programs. Health facilities.
  19. 19. Overpopulation is a hindrance in the path of India’s economic development. Family planning awareness should be sown among the younger generations. Smaller families contribute to the well being of the individual as well as to India’s economy. India’s vast population puts a lot of stress on the economic infrastructure. It is high time that we Indians took measures to control this escalating population for the progress of our economy, our country.
  20. 20. “CONTROLLED POPULATION GROWTH IS A DRIVEN FORCE FOR ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT. BUT, IF IT IS UNCONTROLLED IT WILL BE A DISASTER!!!”
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