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The Cell
The Cell
The Cell
The Cell
The Cell
The Cell
The Cell
The Cell
The Cell
The Cell
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The Cell

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  • 1. The cell Learning objective: Compare The structure of Prokaryotic cell and Eukaryotic cell The cell
  • 2. <ul><li>All living things are made up of cells. </li></ul><ul><li>The cell is the basic unit of life. Based on the organization of their cellular structures, all living cells can be divided into two groups: prokaryotic and eukaryotic. </li></ul><ul><li>Animals, plants, fungi, protozoans, and algae all possess eukaryotic cell types . Only bacteria have prokaryotic cell types . </li></ul>
  • 3. Prokaryotic Cell
  • 4. <ul><li>Prokaryotes / Prokaryotic </li></ul><ul><li>First organisms, simple structure </li></ul><ul><li>Generally smaller than eukaryotic </li></ul><ul><li>Has one circular chromosome which floats in cytoplasm </li></ul><ul><li>Has no membrane bound organelles </li></ul><ul><li>Can have slime layer / pili / capsule </li></ul><ul><li>Bacteria and some protists </li></ul>
  • 5. Eukaryotic cell (Plant & animal cell)
  • 6. <ul><li>Eukaryotes / Eukaryotic </li></ul><ul><li>More evolved, complex cells </li></ul><ul><li>Generally larger than prokaryotic </li></ul><ul><li>Has two or more chromosomes </li></ul><ul><li>Has some membrane bound organelles </li></ul><ul><li>Has mitochondria </li></ul><ul><li>Some protists, most fungi, most plants, and all animals </li></ul>
  • 7. Summary
  • 8. Mitotic or meiotic By fission or budding Cell division Present Absent Cell Organelles Present Absent Nucleolus More than one linear Single circular Chromosome Surrounded by a nuclear membrane Not surrounded by nuclear membrane Nuclear region Generally large (5-100m) Generally small (1-10m) Size Eukaryotic cell Prokaryotic cell Parameter
  • 9. Eukaryotic cell and Prokaryotic cell
  • 10. <ul><li>Reference from: </li></ul><ul><li><http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Human_Physiology/Cell_physiology </li></ul><ul><li><http://www.egurucool.com/academics/ess/webarea/samples/10114708/758/34_36_1_8_2.html </li></ul>

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