Liquid Sensing: Visible light absorption spectroscopy and colorimetry are two fundamental tools used in chemical analysis. Most of these light-based systems use photodiodes as the light sensor, and require similar high input impedance signal chains. This session examines the different components of a photodiode amplifier signal chain, including a programmable gain transimpedance amplifier, a hardware lock-in amplifier, and a Σ-Δ ADC that can measure a sample and reference channel to greatly reduce any measurement error due to variations in intensity of the light source.
Gas Sensing: Many industrial processes involve toxic compounds, and it is important to know when dangerous concentrations exist. Electrochemical sensors offer several advantages for instruments that detect or measure the concentration of toxic gases. This session will describe a portable toxic gas detector using an electrochemical sensor. The system presented here includes a potentiostat circuit to drive the sensor, as well as a transimpedance amplifier to take the very small output current from the sensor and translate it to a voltage that can take advantage of the full-scale input of an ADC.