Sensors are the eyes, ears, and hands of electronic systems and allow them to capture the state of the environment. The capture and processing of sensor inputs is a delicate process that requires understanding of the signal details.Integration of sensor functions onto silicon has brought about improved performance, better signal handling, and lower total system cost. MEMS (microelectromechanical systems) sensors have opened up entire new areas and applications. In this session, the fundamental MEMS sensor concept of moving fingers that form a variable capacitor is covered, along with how it is turned into a usable motion signal. Adaptations for multiaccess sensing, rotational sensing, and even sound sensing, along with concepts of how these devices are tested and calibrated are covered.