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Humanitarian emergencies: searching for Open Data - OKCon2013
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Humanitarian emergencies: searching for Open Data - OKCon2013

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While a growing conversation is happening around Open Data as a driver for development and accountability, little, if any, is being said about the role of open data in humanitarian emergencies. While …

While a growing conversation is happening around Open Data as a driver for development and accountability, little, if any, is being said about the role of open data in humanitarian emergencies. While we ask governments to open all their data as a duty towards their citizens, humanitarian organizations seems to be pretty much left outside. Is there a need for open data in the humanitarian community space? What would it look like? Are transparency and accountability strictly linked to the healthy recovery of communities in emergencies? This talk will look at some of those questions and try to propose some solutions, drawing from the long-standing experience that Internews has in media and communication with communities during emergencies.

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  • Results say that large numbers of displaced Somalis don’t have the information they need to access basic aid: More than 70 percent of newly-arrived refugees say they lack information on how to register for aid and similar numbers say they need information on how to locate missing family members. High figures are also recorded for lack of information on how to access health care how to access shelter, how to communicate with family outside the camps and more.
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    Impact of disasters and the needs of affected communities are key elements in ensuring the best possible response. However, little to no systematic attention has been given to the information and communication needs of disaster-affected communities.
    In August 2011, Internews led a communication and information needs assessment conducted with Radio Ergo/International Media Support (IMS), Star FM of Kenya and with support from the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC). This assessment aimed at understanding the information needs of refugees in Dadaab and exploring ways to improve the flow of communication between refugees, aid agencies, and host communities.
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  • Transcript

    • 1. Humanitarian Emergencies: Searching for Open data Anahi Ayala Iacucci Senior Innovation Advisor aayala@internews.org
    • 2. What’s Open Data? “Open data is data that can be freely used, reused and redistributed by anyone – subject only, at most, to the requirement to attribute and sharealike.” OpenDefinition.org 2
    • 3. Availability and Access: the data must be available as a whole and at no more than a reasonable reproduction cost, preferably by downloading over the internet. The data must also be available in a convenient and modifiable form. Reuse and Redistribution: the data must be provided under terms that permit reuse and redistribution including the intermixing with other datasets. The data must be machine-readable. Universal Participation: everyone must be able to use, reuse and redistribute – there should be no discrimination against fields of endeavour or against persons or groups. For example, ‘noncommercial’ restrictions that would prevent ‘commercial’ use, or restrictions of use for certain purposes (e.g. only in education), are not allowed. 3
    • 4. Why Open data for Humanitarian emergencies?
    • 5. Information is Power! 1. People affected by unfolding tragedy need more than physical necessities: They need information. 2. Timely and accurate information for disaster affected people, as well as effective communication between populations and aid providers are still omitted during humanitarian responses 3. Information can help to save lives, reduce suffering and enable people in the midst of a disaster to take an active role in their own survival and recovery 4. If we pretend to know and to be an active part in our government decision making processes, we need also to DEMAND the same transparency and participation for affected communities during disasters. 5
    • 6. Are affected communities less than citizens? 6
    • 7. What are the issues involved in accessing information from governments and the UN during emergencies and crisis?
    • 8. 8
    • 9. Dadaab, Kenya (August 2011)
    • 10. 11
    • 11. Privacy and confidentiality Difficult does not mean impossible! 12
    • 12. Verification Lack of trust? 13
    • 13. Access 14
    • 14. what can we do?
    • 15. 16
    • 16. Information saves lives!
    • 17. 1.When the entire infrastructure collapse, people get back to the basics: human interactions and … Radio and news paper. 1.Building resilient communications infrastructure and restoring connectivity should be at the heart of disaster management planning. 2.Verification and fact checking has been the job of journalists for years. Social Media and Internet is not different. 2.As new humanitarian responders such as the private sector and volunteer technical communities increase, these groups and their tool should be more integrated within formal disaster management and response structures.
    • 18. Moving Forward • Security, Privacy and Protection
    • 19. Moving Forward • Security, Privacy and Protection • Creating new processes and new ways to work with the new actors in this space
    • 20. Moving Forward • Security, Privacy and Protection • Creating new processes and new ways to work with the new actors in this space • Research, investigate, questions your assumptions
    • 21. Moving Forward • Security, Privacy and Protection • Creating new processes and new ways to work with the new actors in this space • Research, investigate, questions your assumptions • Listen!
    • 22. Communication is aid 26
    • 23. Thank you! anahi ayala iacucci Senior Innovation advisor & humanitarian technology advisor aayala@internews.org @anahi_ayala @info_innovation http://innovation.internews.org