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What are linking words?

What are linking words?
Why are they so useful?

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    • LINKING WORDS
    • LINKING WORDS
        • Linking words are words and phrases which indicate a connection. They usually appear at the beginning of the sentences.
        • These words work in the way that help the reader understand how the information in the text is organised. That´ s why, they are also called text organisers and discourse makers . Moreover, ( and this is one example of linking word, as you will see ) hiere are a long selection of words and phrases that set a particular pace in the sentences.
    • ADDING LINKING WORDS
        • This type of linking word introduces more information which extends the previous statement. For instance:
      Besides, Moreover, Furthermore, What is more, In addition, In addition to… Apart from this / that, For example, For instance, as well as also too Likewise,
    • ADDING LINKING WORDS ◊ The city is a famous shopping centre. Moreover , it is well-known for its art galleries and museum. Furthermore , people can enjoy its long beach. ◊ He´s got a wonderful job in the main city. Besides , he has got a good income. Apart from this , he also has got a company car. ◊ Mark adores spiders. In addition , he wants to buy a snake. ◊ He is an excellent football player as well as an excellent athlete. ◊ He is an excellent football player and an excellent athlete, too . ◊ He is also an excellent football player and athlete. ◊ He is an excellent football player. Likewise , he is an excellent athlete. ◊ In addition to having a three spiders, he also has a snake at home. ◊ He is reading his shopping list. For example , / For instance , he has to buy potatoes, onions, carrots, pears and tomatoes.
    • SUMMARISING LINKING WORDS
        • Summarising comes from summary . For this reason, ( another linking word meaning consequence ) these linking words are used to put an end to a text or to introduce a conclusion to a text.
      To sum up, Summing up, All in all, Overall, In short, In conclusion, In brief, In general, In the main, On the whole, Broadly speaking, To conclude,
    • SUMMARISING LINKING WORDS ◊ In conclusion , / In short , it is important to spread the news about the medical discovery. ◊ On the whole , / Broadly speaking , she had a very happy childhood. ◊ In brief , / In general ,/ In the main , we are satisfied with the work. ◊ To sum up , / Summing up , To conclude , the meal in the new restaurant was appalling. ◊ All in all , / Overall , the decision was generally applauded by everyone.
    • LINKING WORDS
        • So far so good? Now your teacher is going to deliver a worksheet to practise linking words.
        • The answers can be checked here
    • CONTRASTING LINKING WORDS
        • These linking words sets a surprise contrast with the previous sentence.
      Although, Though, Even though, While Despite (the fact that) In spite of (the fact that) But However, Nevertheless, On one hand … on the other (hand) In contrast, In contrast to… On the contrary,
    • CONTRASTING LINKING WORDS ► Although and though have the same meaning. In informal speech though is more common. They introduce an idea A with which the main clause or sentence B is in contrast. ► When we say “ Although / Though (sentence B), (sentence A)” hiere is something unexpected or suprising about sentence B. ► Despite and In spite of are used when you are mentioned circumstances which surprisingly do not avoid something from happening. ► But / However / Nevertheless are used when you are adding a comment which contrasts with the previous sentence. ► On one hand … on the other (hand) means “that is true and this is also true if we look at it from a different viewpoint”. ► On the contrary means “that is not true, the opposite is true”.
    • CONTRASTING LINKING WORDS ◊ Although / Though / While the machine is old, it should work for a few more years. ◊ Despite the fact that / In spite the fact that the machine is old, it should work for a few more years. ◊ The machine is old. However , / Nevertheless , it should work for a few more years. ◊ The machine is old, but it should work for a few more years. ◊ On one hand , it is not actually raining now. On the other hand , it may rain later, so you should take the umbrella. ◊ All in all , / Overall , the decision was generally applauded by everyone. ◊ The machine is old. In contrast , it should work for a few more years. ◊ In contrast to being old, the machine should work for a few more years. ◊ Do you ask me if the film was interesting? On the contrary , it was a complete waste of time.
    • LINKING WORDS
        • So far so good? Now your teacher is going to deliver a worksheet to practise linking words.
        • The answers can be checked here