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Unit 6 - Imperialism and Nationalism
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Unit 6 - Imperialism and Nationalism

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Unit for 4º ESO

Unit for 4º ESO

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  • 1. Unit 6 Imperialism and nationalism Social Studies – ESO-4
  • 2. 2 Imperialism and nationalism • Congress of Vienna • Liberals and nationalists • Revolutions in 1820 and 1830 • 1848 revolution • Scramble for Africa • Different types of colonies
  • 3. 3 Imperialism and nationalism • Congress of Vienna (1815) • Austria, Russia, Prussia, Great Britain and France were powerful • Grand Alliance→Austria, Prussia, Russia and Britain→defeat of Napoleon • Vienna settlement →balance of power • Buffer states (Cordon sanitaire) for no future French expansion • New alliances: • The Quadruple Alliance(Britain, Austria, Prussia and Russia) • The Holy Alliance (Prussia, Russia & France)
  • 4. 4 Imperialism and nationalism • Congress of Vienna (1815) •
  • 5. 5 Imperialism and nationalism • Liberals and Nationalists • Liberals → greater freedom • Nationalists → same race in one country • Revolutions in 1820 & 1830 • In 1920 Riego rebelled against Ferdinand VII in Spain → Holy Alliance sent an army and absolutism was re-established • Revolution succeeded in Greece
  • 6. 6 Imperialism and nationalism • Revolutions in 1830 • France – Charles X (no Carta Otorgada) – Philippe de Orleans new king • Belgium became independent from Holland
  • 7. 7 Imperialism and nationalism • Revolutions in 1848 • Economic crisis – social & political tensions (bad harvests and expensive food) • Revolutionaries: liberalism & nationalism • Europe = collection of states ruled by absolute monarchs • Fundamental change - new ideas: • Liberalism – human rights & freedoms • Nationalism: same race & language → fundamental change • Revolutions spread: Italy, German states, Austria...
  • 8. 8 Imperialism and nationalism • 1848 was a turning point • New Constitutions with universal male suffrage (France) & liberalism • Austria – end of feudalism • Division nationalism & liberalism
  • 9. 9 Imperialism and nationalism • Scramble for Africa • In 1870 most of Africa was independent • 1870-1900 race to colonise it. • Interest in African resources • New markets • Rivalry • Strategic importance • Missionaries (Protestant & Catholic)
  • 10. 10 Imperialism and nationalism • European influence: • France → West Africa, Tunisia • Belgium → Congo Free State • Britain → Egypt, Uganda & Rhodesia • Germany → East Africa • Italy → Somalia & Ethiopia • Famous explorers: Livingstone, Cook, Stanley, Rhodes...
  • 11. 11 Imperialism and nationalism • Different types of colonies: • Colonies – directly ruled by a governor • Protectorates – ruled domestically but foreign affairs and defense is ceded • Dominions – had significant freedom
  • 12. 12 Imperialism and nationalism • Imperalism in Asia • Different from Africa – well established civilisation & population • Control over seaports & trade • Indirect domination through local aristocracy in India & Indonesia
  • 13. 13 Imperialism and nationalism • Imperalism in Asia • England (1st ) – India, Hong-Kong... • France (2nd ) – Southeast Asia • Portugal, Spain & Holland (early) • Germany & Italy (late) • The USA – Caribbean & Philippines • Japan - (1st Asian coloniser) – Korea • China was forced into Opium Trade by European powers (England, Germany, Russia & Japan) • Increased emigration from Europe to other parts of the world.