Unit 14 - The Cold War

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Unit 14 - The Cold War

  1. 1. Unit 14 The Cold War Social Studies – ESO-4
  2. 2. 2 The Cold War • Background • Peace was not stable. • USA and USSR were different. • No fighting but alliances and diplomatic conflict. • The USA was afraid of the spread of Communism. • The USSR blockaded Berlin. • In 1949 the two Germanies appeared and NATO was formed. • 1955 Warsaw Pact. •
  3. 3. 3 The Cold War • Eastern Europe • The USSR controlled Eastern Europe. • In 1961 Berlin was divided by a wall. • The Cold war in Asia. • In 1949 Mao transformed China into a Communist State. • Cold War was extended to Asia because the USA felt the Communist threat.
  4. 4. 4 The Cold War • War in Korea (1950) • Former colony of Japan which was divided in North (pro communist) and South (pro USA) after WWII. • Communist North Korea got the support of China to reunite the country and went to war. • The USA, UN and Western countries support South Korea. • In 1953 both sides agreed a cease-fire.
  5. 5. 5 The Cold War • The Cuban crisis • Since 1949 Batista, a military dictator ruled Cuba. • In 1956 Fidel Castro made a frustrated attempt to overthrow government. • In 1959 Castro began a guerrilla war and overthrow the government. • In 1961 Kennedy failed to invade Cuba landing in the Bay of Pigs. • Castro got Soviet military assistance with missiles. • A naval blockade of Cuba was ordered by Kennedy. • Hot phone line between USA and USSR.
  6. 6. 6 The Cold War
  7. 7. 7 The Cold War • The Vietnam War • In 1954 France withdrew from Indochina thanks to Geneva Agreement. • Vietnam was partitioned into Communist North and democratic South.
  8. 8. 8 The Cold War • Eastern Europe and the USSR during and after the 1960s. • Czechoslovakia rebelled against communism (1968). • In 1980 Poland had Walesa as leader of a trade union called Solidarity demanding rights. • In 1988 soviet leader Gorbachev set the Eastern European countries free. His new policies were Glasnost and Perestroika. • In 1989 the cold war ended. • In 1991 the USSR dissolved.
  9. 9. 9 The Cold War  Pictures from Banco Imágenes ITE (“Maps of Korea” by Alejandro Cana Sánchez), Ceaucescu by Kightlinger- Wikimedia, Llech Walesa by Slawek-Wikimedia, Student protesters from Wikimedia

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