It is a sovereign state in central and east Africa. Located a few
degrees south of the Equator, Rwanda is bordered by Uganda,
Tanzania, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Population:The total population in Rwanda was last
recorded at 11.5 million people
Land area:26 340 km2
Languages:Kinyarwanda, French, and English are the
official languages of Rwanda.
Monetary unit:Rwandan franc
The Rwandan Civil War was a conflict within the Central
African nation of Rwanda, between the government of
President Juvénal Habyarimana and the rebel Rwandan
Patriotic Front (RPF). The conflict began on 1 October 1990
when the RPF invaded and ostensibly ended on 4 August 1993
with the signing of the Arusha Accords to create a powersharing government.
The original inhabitants of Rwanda were the Twa, a Pygmy people
who now make up only 1% of the population. While the Hutu and Tutsi
are often considered to be two separate ethnic groups, scholars point
out that they speak the same language, have a history of
intermarriage, and share many cultural characteristics. Traditionally,
the differences between the two groups were occupational rather than
ethnic. Agricultural people were considered Hutu, while the cattleowning elite were identified as Tutsi. Supposedly Tutsi were tall and
thin, while Hutu were short and square, but it is often impossible to tell
one from the other. The 1933 requirement by the Belgians that
everyone carry an identity card indicating tribal ethnicity as Tutsi or
Hutu enhanced the distinction. Since independence, repeated violence
in both Rwanda and Burundi has increased ethnic differentiation
between the groups.
Kigali is the capital and largest city of Rwanda. The city
has been the economic, cultural, and transport hub of
Rwanda since it became capital at independence in
Byumba is a city in northern Rwanda, and is the capital
of Gicumbi District. It is home to an SOS Children's
In Rwanda, music and dance plays a very important
role in the tradition of the people.
Rwandan staples include bananas, plantains, pulses,
sweet potatoes, beans, and cassava
Rwanda national basketball team is a basketball team
that represents Rwanda in international competitions.
The Rwanda national football team, nicknamed
Amavubi (The Wasps), is the national team of Rwanda
and is controlled by the Fédération Rwandaise de