It is in Asia, on the south-eastern shore of the
On 29 November 1947, 15 May 1948.
Neighboring Arab armies invaded Palestine on the
next day and fought the Israeli forces. Israel has
since fought several wars with neighboring Arab
states, in the course of which it has occupied the
The capital is Jerusalem
Population: 7,908,000 people
Land area: 60,000 km2
Languages: Hebrew and Arabic Main cities: Assab,
Massawa, Hala'ib, Puerto Sudán, Safaga, Hurghada, El
Suweis, Sharm el-Sheij, Eilat, Aqaba, Dahab, Jedda, Al
Hudaydah and Jerusalem
Monetary unit: Israeli new shekel
Egypt, jordan and lebanom
Government: Unitary parliamentary republic
Head of state/president/king/queen:Shimon Peres
Israel enjoys the highest average milk production in
the world, close to 12,000 kg/cow/year, despite
having a very hot climate.
Monetary unit: Israeli new sheke
The climate: Overall, Israel has a sunny climate with
about 6 hours of light in the winter and 12 in summer.
For this reason, it is one of the pioneers in the use of
Approximately 60% of the area is desert
Origins and history:
On May 14, the State of Israel is proclaimed. David
Ben-Gurion is its first prime minister. Neighboring
Arab countries declare war, but Israel survives.
During the Six-Day War, Israel attacks Egypt. Israel
occupies the West Bank,
Main cities: Jerusalem
*One of the oldest cities in the world
*Holy for Christians, Jews, and Muslims
*Capital of Israel
Main cities: Haifa
* is the largest city in northern Israel
* third-largest city in the country
*Another 300,000 people live in towns
Main cities: Tel Aviv
*with a population of 414,600 within its
* Israel's largest metropolitan area, containing 42%
of Israel's population
* which is collectively home to 3,464,100 residents
Traditions:The notion of the "Land of Israel", known in
Hebrew as Eretz Yisrael, has been important and
sacred to the Jewish people since Biblical times.
According to the Torah, God promised the land to the
three Patriarchs of the Jewish people.
Israel is at the eastern end of the Mediterranean Sea,
bounded by Lebanon to the north, Syria to the
northeast, Jordan and the West Bank to the east, and
Egypt and the Gaza strip to the southwest. It lies
between latitudes 29° and 34° N, and longitudes 34°
and 36° E.
Pita - It's called the national bread of Israel.
Tabouleh or tabbouleh - salad made from parsley and
Shakshouka - a dish prepared by frying onion, chopped
tomato and paprika.
Falafel-Croquettes are made from chickpeas
Son empadas Burekas-fried pastries.
Sabich - sandwich
Shawarma - Made meat fish
Football and basketball are the most popular sports
among the Israeli population. They are also popular,
although somewhat less than the previous two,
handball and athletics among other sports. Olympic
medals in Israel usually wins judo, fencing, canoeing
Interesting places to visit:
- Jerusalem (Old City)
- The Dead Sea
- The Galilee
- Mount of Olives
- Mount Sinai
- Caesarea National Park