Australia is a continent and country.
● World's smallest continent but sixth-largest country
and it is the only continent without glaciers.
● Oceania is the continent between the Indian Ocean
and the South Pacific Ocean.
The capital is Canberra.
Population: 23,363,150 estimate (2014).
Land area: 7,682,300 sq km.
Languages: English 78.5%, Chinese 2.5%, Italian 1.6%,
Greek 1.3%, Arabic 1.2%, Vietnamese 1%, other 8.2%,
unspecified 5.7% .
Main cities: Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane.
Monetary unit: Australian dollar (AUD).
Government: Constitutional monarchy.
Head of state/president/king/queen: Elizabeth II.
Additional data: Australia Day: 26 January.
Origins and history: The Australian continent is a
unique land, full of contrasts. It is the earth's biggest
island and the sixth-biggest country in the world in
land area. Australia is the only nation to govern an
entire continent. Today, Australia is a stable,
democratic, culturally diverse nation with a skilled
workforce and a strong, competitive economy.
Britain's Statute of Westminster 1931 formally ended
most of the constitutional links between Australia and
Main cities: Canberra.
The capital city of Australia.
In Canberra you can see the Australian War Memorial,
this is Australia's national memorial to the members of
all its armed forces and supporting organisations who
have died or participated in the wars of the Common
wealth of Australia.
Main cities: Sydney.
The most populous city in Australia.
Sydney is a consistently high-ranking world city for
quality of life.
Traditions: Many of Australia's performing arts companies
receive funding through the federal government's Australia
Council. There is a symphony orchestra in each state, and a
national opera company, Opera Australia, well-known for its
famous soprano Joan Sutherland. At the beginning of the 20th
century, Nellie Melba was one of the world's leading opera
singers. Ballet and dance are represented by The Australian
Ballet and various state companies. Each state has a publicly
funded theatre company.
Traditional food: Fish, native plants and fruit. The
general term for native Australian flora and fauna
used as a source of food is bush tucker. The first
settlers introduced British food to the continent, and
much of that is now considered typical Australian
Sport: The most popular sports in Australia are
Australian rules football, horse racing, squash, surfing,
soccer, motor racing and cricket.
Interesting places to visit: Port Arthur, Tasmania (was
Australia's largest prison in the past), The Australian
National Maritime Museum and St Mary's Catholic
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