Tone

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Tone

  1. 1. TONE<br />
  2. 2. What is the TONE of a text? <br />It’s the kind of emotion the writer conveys.<br />In an academic essay, the tone must be believable, balanced and sensible. <br />
  3. 3. The writer of an academic essay should not sound overconfident about his/her claims. To accomplish this, academic writers often resort to formal hedging markers when they present new ideas. This is how they can protect themselves from sounding too assertive.<br />
  4. 4. “In written text, hedging represents the employment of lexical and syntactical means of decreasing the writer’s responsibility for the extent and the truth-value of propositions and claims, displaying hesitation, uncertainty, indirectness and/or politeness to reduce the imposition on the reader. (…) In Anglo-American academic prose, hedges are considered to be requisite with the general purpose of projecting ‘honesty, modesty, proper caution’ and diplomacy.” (Hinkel, 2005)<br />
  5. 5. In other words, hedging markers are words or phrases that help soften a claim or statement, to reduce its impact. <br />The objective of an academic writer is to inform and even persuade the reader, not to sound like a know-it-all.<br />
  6. 6. Look at these examples:<br /><ul><li>Small amounts of caffeine are beneficial to a person’s health.
  7. 7. It appears that small amounts of caffeine are beneficial to a person’s health.
  8. 8. Small amounts of caffeine may bebeneficial to a person’s health.</li></ul>The second and third statements use hedging markers, and they sound carefuland sensible, since there is always a possibility that the assertion is not true. This may invite readers to question it and even conduct further research to engage in academic dialogue.<br />
  9. 9. Inside Academic Writing, page 94<br />
  10. 10. Inside Academic Writing, page 94<br />

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