Present Perfect• I have studied Chinese since 2006.• I have just finished typing my reports.• I have already been there.• I have watched E.T. five times.• I have finished my chores.Check these examples of the usage of the present perfect.Why is this tense being used?
Present PerfectWhat ELLs Should Know- has / have + past participle- formation of pastparticiples*Singular PluralI have walked we have walkedyou have walked you have walkedhe/she/it has walked they have walkedPast Now FutureX X X X X IVerb Tense Example MeaningPresentPerfectI have studied Chinese since2006.an action that began in the pastand continues to be trueUsage 1Key Wordshow long for + time since + time
Present PerfectPast Now FutureX IVerb Tense Example MeaningPresentPerfectI have just finished typing myreports.recent past action that isrelevant to the current situationUsage 2Past Now Future? IVerb Tense Example MeaningPresent Perfect I have already been there. past experience (indefinite time)Usage 3Key Words: just alreadyKey Words: ever never many times before alreadyVariations- Yet (questions / negatives)- Superlatives- The first, the second...
Present PerfectPast Now FutureX X X X X ... IVerb Tense Example MeaningPresentPerfectI have watched E.T. five times repetition of an action beforenowUsage 4Key Words: six...so far one...this semester a lotUsage 5Verb Tense Example MeaningPresentPerfectI have finished my chores. action at indefinite past timePast Now Future? IWB p 112, 3.3. 12
Present PerfectTypical ELL Errors (Can you correct them?)- I was born here and will die here. I been here my whole life.- Sarah have already completed all the homework.- I have gone to Mexico several times when I was in college.- I lived in this same apartment since 1996.- I know her since childhood.