Repetition of key words, phrases or information from sentence to sentence.
Logical progression of ideas with previously know information before new information</li></li></ul><li>Using Transition Words<br />Transition words (or Discourse Markers) are used to indicate the relationship between sentences or paragraphs. They signal the direction the author wants the text to take.<br />Ex: Science and religion are often seen as antagonistic fields. However, several scientist are deeply religious people.<br />(the word HOWEVER indicates the author wants to introduce an idea that contrasts with the previous one.<br />
Transition words can indicate several relationships:<br />Here are some of them:<br />
Using transition words requires practice and attention, because we have to choose the most appropriate transition for each situation. <br />Remember to check a good dictionary!<br />Also, punctuation is important: always use a comma (,) after a transition word!<br />
Repetition of key elements<br />Repeating some of the key elements of the paragraph helps create unity. You don’t have, however, to keep using the same word over and over.<br />You should use pronouns and synonyms as well! <br />
For example:<br />Writing is not just about conveying ‘content’ but also about the representation of self. (One of the reasons people find writing difficult is that they do not feel comfortable with the ‘me’ they are portraying in theirwriting. Academic writing in particular often poses a conflict of identity for students in higher education, because the ‘self’ which is inscribed in academic discourse feels alien to them.)<br />Excerpt from the blurb of:<br />Writing and Identity - The discoursal construction of identity in academic writing<br />Roz Ivanič, Lancaster University, 1998<br />
Previously mentioned and new information<br />An English language reader will expect that a text develops from something they already know or expect to the new information.<br />
Now you try to create a smooth flow of information in you texts!<br />