Indirect Questions

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Indirect Questions

  1. 1. Indirect Questions
  2. 2. <ul><li>When you want information you can ask questions directly: </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Is he playing the piano? </li></ul><ul><li>Where is Tom ? </li></ul><ul><li>For these questions we use the inverted word order: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(auxiliary) verb + subject + (main verb) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Sometimes, however, we prefer to start our questions with “Do you know…” or “Could you tell me…?” </li></ul><ul><li>Questions that begin like that are called indirect questions and they have a different word order: </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Is he playing the piano? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you know if he is playing the piano? </li></ul><ul><li>Where is Tom ? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you know where Tom is ? </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Did you notice that we don’t invert the subject and the verb in the indirect questions ? </li></ul><ul><li>The word order is the same as the statement word order. </li></ul><ul><li>This is because indirect questions are questions inside questions: </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Look: </li></ul><ul><li>[ Do you know ] [ where Tom is? ] </li></ul><ul><li>Question 1 is a regular question </li></ul><ul><li>Question 2 is an indirect question inside question 1 . </li></ul>question 1 question 2
  7. 7. <ul><li>Here are some more examples. Notice the highlighted indirect questions: </li></ul><ul><li>Can you tell me how much it is ? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you know if Helen can work tomorrow ? </li></ul><ul><li>Could you tell me what time the train leaves ? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you remember if Jim brought the documents ? </li></ul>

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