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  • 1. ELL Grammar Key 7: ArticlesNeyane, Lilian and Bárbara
  • 2.  There are two types of article, the INDEFINITE (He was a teacher of English) and theGrammar explanation DEFINITE (He was listening to the radio).  Folse also uses a topic to talk about NO ARTICLE – which discusses when we do not use an article at all (People will have to go looking for work).
  • 3.  We use a before a singular count noun (or adjective + count noun) which starts withGrammar explanation a CONSONANT (a door, a native speaker); The use of the Indefinite Articles  We use an before words th at starts with a VOWEL-LIKE SOUND (an idea, an honor).
  • 4.  With something specific (the idea that changed his life) or a noun that has already been mentioned before (Then he remembered a friend of his. TheGrammar explanation friend had done a teacher The use of the Definite Article (The) training course);  When we are talking about something unique (The president);  When we talk about a group of people who are clearly plural (The unemployed);  With country names that give the idea of plural (The United States; The Netherlands).
  • 5.  When talking about abstract concepts and uncountable nouns in general (Life isGrammar explanation beautiful); Using No Article  A category or group in general (Cats can be great pets).
  • 6.  Articles in these languages are only used before nouns whose meaning is restricted Native Language  This restriction may be Interference caused by the context or by an adjectiveRomantic languages, like French, Spanish and Portuguese, have definite and  A common ELL mistake in thisindefinite articles. Unlike in English, they case would be to omit the have plural and singular forms. article in the following case: “My mother is a teacher”, because the meaning of the noun is not specified.
  • 7.  Definite articles in these languages are also used with abstract nouns and when making a general statement. Native Language Interference  A common ELL mistake in these cases would be to addRomantic languages, like French, Spanish the article in the following and Portuguese, have definite and cases:indefinite articles. Like in English, definite articles are used for specifying nouns.  “The honesty is important”  ”The football is a little box of surprises."
  • 8. Simple rules to use "A, An, The or no article": a = indefinite article (not a specific object, one of a number of the same objects) with an = indefinite article (not a specific consonants object, one of a number of the same She has a dog. objects) A, An, I work in a factory. Can I have an apple? She is an English teacherUse an article with bodies of water, oceansand seas -My country borders on the Pacific Ocean The & The first time you speak of something use "a or an", the next time you repeat that object use "the". I live in a house. The house is quite old and has No four bedrooms. I ate in a Chinese restaurant. The restaurant was very good..the = definite article (a specific object that boththe person speaking and the listener know)The car over there is fast.The teacher is very good, isnt he? article DO NOT use an article when you are speaking about things in general I like Russian tea. She likes reading books. DO NOT use an article with countries, states, counties or provinces, lakes and mountains except DO NOT use an article when you are when the country is a collection of states such as speaking about meals, places, and "The United States". transport He lives in Washington near Mount Rainier. He has breakfast at home They live in northern British Columbia I go to university. He comes to work by taxi.