An organization, founded in 1883, of over 30,000 teachers and scholars. Writing Style that governs Format, Punctuation, Quotations Documentations of Sources and Works Cited Used for Research Papers in many Undergraduate classes, including English Not the only format for research papers. Others: APA, Chicago, Turabian, and more!
1 inch margins all around Double-spaced A header on each page in the upper right-hand corner, ½ inch below the top edge, that includes: Your last name The page number
Begin each entry at the left margin . Indent the second and all subsequent lines in a citation 1/2 inch (5 spaces if using a typewriter). This is called a hanging indention. Alphabetize citations by author’s last name if the author’s name is unknown, alphabetize by the first word in the title other than a definite or an indefinite article (“a”, “an”, “the”). End each citation with a period .
Quoting means to repeat another source word for word, using quotation marks “” Summarizing means to take the key ideas from another source and shorten them, using your own words Paraphrasing means to use the ideas from another source but put into your own words
Don’t fall into the trap of plagiarism! If the idea or information you are using did not originate in your own mind . . .
What type of source is this? Is it a whole book or part of a book? How do you know? Who is the author? Title? Etc.
Named author or editor (if given) Title of article or project accessed (in quotes) Any additional information required for a comparable type of source (e.g., title of online magazine) Title of database, periodical, or professional site (underlined). For site with no title use the designation Home Page. Date of material (if given) Page numbers or the number of paragraphs or numbered sections Page publisher, computer service, or organization sponsoring Web site Date you accessed the information URL (address of Web page) in angle brackets < >
Series that gather articles from other sources and combine them into one source. You will provide information about the source you found the article in and its original source. Questions to ask about the source: What type of source was the original? Has the original title been changed? NoodleTools can help you. When selecting the citation type, pick the original source’s type.
Research 3: The MLA Format Avoiding Plagiarism and Documenting Sources Amy Ferguson Richland College Library Fall 2009
Author. Reprint Source. Rpt. of Original Source. Medium.
Chadwick, Douglas. “Private Property Regulation is Necessary to save Endgandered Species.” Endangered Species . Ed. Helen Cothran. Opposing Viewpoints Ser. San Diego: Greenhaven, 2001. 88-93. Rpt. of “Strength in Humilty.” Sierra Jan./Feb. 1996: :n. pag. Print.
Points to the specific source in your Works cited list and the location of information in source
The Author (or Title)
Parenthetical Documentation The education and ability of the people provide the United States with its greatest asset (Becker 3) . Source: Becker, Gary S. "The Age of Human Capital." Education in the Twenty-first Century . Ed. by Edward P. Lazear. Staford: Hoover, 2002. 3-8. Print. According to Gary S. Becker , human capital is the greatest form of capital in the 21st century (3) .
What if the source doesn’t have an author? Most college graduates earn at least 23 percent more than those with just a high school diploma ("Rising" 35). Source: "The Rising Value of a College Education." Presidency . Sping 2004: 35. Print.
The evidence clearly proves that the benefits of a college education outweigh the cost of earning a degree (Porter) . Source: Porter, Kathleen. "The Value of a College Degree." ERIC Digest. ERIC Clearinghouse: ED470038. U.S. Dept. of Education. 2002. Web. 26 May 2006